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December 4, 2014 AP US GoPo Govt: Questions for the Federalist #10

Name(s): 1) 2)

Date: Points: /19pts

Directions: In your group, respond to the follow questions regarding the Federalist #10. The point value for each question is listed next to the question number. This is your assessment for the Federalist #10! If you consult another group or reference notes, your entire group will earn a zero.
1. (2pts) How does Madison define “faction”? What are some examples of factions within government today?
Answer-A number of citizens, whether amounting to a majority of minority, who are united by some common impulse or passion, or interest, Adverse to the rights of other citizens, OR to the permanent and aggregate interests of the community

2. (3pts) What are the two ways of eliminating the causes of factions? Why are both unacceptable?


Answer: A. destroying liberty OR B. Giving every citizen the same opinions, passions and interests

Both strike at the heart of what America represents (Bill of Rights, Civil Liberties, Civil Rights)

3. (1pt) According to Madison, what is the primary cause of conflict?
Answer: The unequal distribution of property, or wealth. Property owners vs. non-property owners, creditors vs. debtors, landed wealth vs. manufacturing wealth

4. (2pts) What issues divided mankind in 1787? Are those issues similar to the causes of today’s divisions?


Answer: Wealth, haves vs. the have-nots, distribution of land, constitutional issues (Similar to today: 1%, Tax Cuts, Income Gap)

5. (2pts) What are two remedies for controlling the effects of factions?


Answer: If it’s a minority faction “Republican Principle” the faction will lose the electionNO PROBLEM

If it’s a majority factionDANGER! As it can win the election. What to do?

-Prevent the existence of the same passion in a majority at the same time

-Render the majority “unable to concert and carry into effect the schemes of the oppression”

OTHERWISEDEMOCRACY WILL NOT WORK (one possible solution is elections)

6. (1pt) Why are factions more easily controlled in large republics?


Answer: The larger the number of citizens, the less likely it is that unworthy candidates can get away with the practice of “vicious arts”. A large territory would be likely to have a large number of interests. With such a large number of interests, it is less likely that one interest could monopolize power

7. (1pt) How does federalism control factions?


Answer: Security of the Union. Federal government checks the states, states can check the federal governmentMajor fear of large central government.

8. (2pts) What connections (at least 2) can you make between Federalist #10 and John Locke’s 2nd Treastise of Government?

A.

B.


9. (2pts) How does this viewpoint (on factions) impact the drafting of the Constitution?
Possible Answer:

Impact on the Constitution: Checks & Balances, Separation of Powers, Federalism


10. (1pt) Was Madison right, or have factions sometimes gained control of our government?
Answer: They have gained control at times with money and political power/influence
11. “Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment, without which it instantly expires. But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life because it nourishes faction, that it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency.” (think pure democracy vs. republic)
(1pt) Now that you have read Federalist 10, explain what the quote means in regards to politics!


Name(s): 1) 2)

Date: Points: /19pts

Directions: In your group, respond to the follow questions regarding the Federalist #10. The point value for each question is listed next to the question number. This is your assessment for the Federalist #10! If you consult another group or reference notes, your entire group will earn a zero.
1. (2pts) How does Madison define “faction”? What are some examples of factions within government today?
Answer-

2. (3pts) What are the two ways of eliminating the causes of factions? Why are both unacceptable?


Answer:

3. (1pt) According to Madison, what is the primary cause of conflict?


Answer:

4. (4pts) What are two issues that divided mankind in 1787? What are two issues that divide mankind today?


Answer:

1787 2014

A. A.

B. B.


5. (2pts) What are two remedies for controlling the effects of factions?
Answer:

A.
B.

6. (1pt) Why are factions more easily controlled in large republics?
Answer:

7. (1pt) How does federalism control factions?


Answer:

8. (2pts) What connections (at least 2) can you make between Federalist #10 and John Locke’s 2nd Treastise of Government?

A.

B.


9. (2pts) Identify two results the Federalist #10 has on the drafting of the Constitution?
Answer:

A.


B.

11. “Liberty is to faction what air is to fire, an aliment, without which it instantly expires. But it could not be a less folly to abolish liberty, which is essential to political life because it nourishes faction, that it would be to wish the annihilation of air, which is essential to life, because it imparts to fire its destructive agency.” (think pure democracy vs. republic)


(1pt) Now that you have read Federalist 10, explain what the quote means in regards to politics!


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