Why did African-Americans migrate north after World War I? increased job opportunities
Define nativism: the belief that native born Americans are superior to “foreigners”
Describe the causes and effects of intolerance in America during the 1920s: increase in lynching’s in the South; Marcus Garvey-“back to Africa movement”; Ku Klux Klan; trial of Sacco and Vanzetti; nativism; Red Scare; Scopes Trial
What were the causes of the Red Scare in the 1920s? Communists came to power in the Soviet Union (formerly Russia); anarchists-(those who rebel against authority); foreigners (increased immigration from Eastern Europe-communist)
What was the intended purpose of Prohibition? To promote good health and morality
What were the effects of Prohibition? Speakeasies; bootleggers; organized crime; moonshine
What was a result of the Harlem Renaissance? An increased awareness of the literary and artistic achievements of African Americans during the 1920s and 1930s.
Where was the center of African American culture in the 1920s? Harlem in New York, NY
What are residential areas built close to cities so people can commute to work? suburbs
What development contributed to the economic prosperity of the 1920s? Petroleum (gas) and electricity were widely available cheap energy sources; the assembly line and other technological advances allowed businesses to produce more goods at lower costs; new job opportunities for women gave families more money to spend.
Who founded the “back to Africa movement”? Marcus Garvey
Inventions and technology in the 1920s affected American society in all of the following ways: wider availability of consumer goods; advertising; increased standard of living
How did the automobile affect American society and culture in the 1920s? new jobs; increased mobility; growth of transportation industries (oil, steel, road construction, tourism); movement to the suburbs
Describe the changing roles and perceptions of women in the 1920s: right to vote (19th Amendment); flappers; increased participation in the workforce; property rights; suffragists; increased educational opportunities
What was the “unintended consequence” of Prohibition? Rise in organized crime
Which form of music developed in the United States during the 1920s? jazz
Which amendment established Prohibition? 18th Which amendment repealed it? 21st
Explain the Scopes Trial: (Also called the Monkey Trial) In a high school in Tennessee, John Scopes was charged with violating the Butler Act which forbade the teaching of EVOLUTION (only creationism could be taught). He was found guilty after a very long a public trial. Clarence Darrow represented him and Williams Jennings Bryant prosecuted the case. This showed intolerance toward new ideas that went against the norm of the day.
Describe who the following people were in the 1920s and 1930s:
Louis Armstrong: jazz trumpet player from the Harlem Renaissance who sang with a gravelly voice. “Hello Dolly” was one of his famous songs.
Jacob Lawrence: African-American painter who painted a series of pictures that illustrated the Great Migration
Wright Brothers: First in flight-helped launch American aviation
Warren G. Harding: elected President of the US in 1920. His time in office was filled with scandal including the Teapot Dome Scandal. He died of a stroke in 1923 while still in office.
Calvin Coolidge: became president when Harding died; nicknamed “Silent Cal” because he kept ‘silent’ on many of the problems beginning to occur in the 1920s. He said the “business of America is business”
Herbert Hoover: President after Coolidge; Hoover was president when the stock market crashed in 1929.
Charles Lindbergh: first person to complete a trans-Atlantic flight from NYC to Paris, France. They called him “Lucky Lindy”