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Persuasive Speech Assignment Sheet

You will be presenting a 3-minute persuasive speech addressing a current issue in society.


  1. Select an issue that you have encountered in our school, community, state, or nation. Write this issue at the top of your paper.

  2. Below the issue, jot down thoughts and feelings you have about it. Determine your position on it.

  3. Write your position statement. A position statement is like a thesis statement. It identifies the issue and your position on it in one sentence. For example: As Americans, we must take action against (or for) the issue of_______ because of ­­­­­­­­­­­­­________________ , __________________, and _________________.

  4. Identify your audience. Although you will be presenting to our class, you should think about what group of people is your real-world audience. Answer the following questions, and then identify the group of people that is your real-world audience. After answering these questions, write down your real-world audience.

    1. Who is affected by this issue?

    2. Who might be in a position to influence the results of this problem?

    3. What might this audience already know about the issue?

    4. What views or opinions might this audience already have?

    5. What misconceptions might they have?

    6. What details or words might appeal to this audience’s emotions? Reasoning?

  5. Your purpose is to persuade the audience; however, you need to consider what you want the audience to do as a result of listening to your speech. Answer the following questions, and then identify the secondary purpose of your speech.

    1. How do you want your audience to feel about the issue afterwards?

    2. What action do you want them to take?

Planning for Your Speech…What am I going to say?

Your speech must have at least one of each of the following persuasive techniques.



  • Logical Appeal

    • Facts, statistics, and well-reasoned arguments

  • Ethical Appeal

    • Argument based on widely accepted beliefs and values

  • Emotional Appeal

    • Uses anecdotes (stories) and loaded words (words with strong connotations) to bring about strong emotions in the audience

Research is not necessary!

As high school students, you know what beliefs our society holds. You can select loaded words and tell a story illustrating your point. You can develop a well-reasoned argument to support your position. Really, the only reason you need to research is for facts and statistics; however, you should not rely too heavily on these. If you only rattle off a long list of numbers and percentages, how many audiences members will be convinced to agree with you? None of them will, because they will not be listening.



Think first! Research only after you have your own thoughts, beliefs, and reasons written on paper. Even then, you should research with the single purpose of supporting what you already think!

You must cite all sources in APA format including

in-text citations during your speech and turning in a references sheet before speaking.
­­­­­­­­­­­­­­­

Easy Reference for All Due Dates

We will take volunteers for day 1. All those remaining will draw a number for date assignments.


Monday

Tuesday

Wednesday

Thursday

Friday

19

20

21

22

23 Topic



26 Position Statement

27 Real-world audience and action

28 Work on outline

29 Outline for intro

30 Work on body


3 Outline for body

4 Outline for conclusion

Draw for days



5 Prepare for speech

6 Speech due

7 Speech due



Simple Formula for Persuasive Speeches
A. INTRODUCTION
"Tells your audience what you are going to tell them" and establishes the foundation for your speech.
A good Introduction 'draws the map' for the journey. For a Persuasive Speech an Introduction consists of


  1. Attention-Getter: A statement that gains the attention of the audience and makes them believe that this issue is relevant to them. Please, do NOT use a rhetorical question here. Instead, think of your intro like a funnel. Your thesis (in this case, your position statement) is the narrow part and you slowly broaden out from that to a broad statement that applies to many, in not all, people.



  1. Bond > Link-to Audience: Identify a personal connection in the audiences' life, i.e. their use of the 'device' or system, or their emotional experience (grief and sorrow, happiness).



  1. "Credentials" of Speaker (Credibility): Demonstrate how you are an 'expert' through your own use, experience or study.



  1. Destination / Position Statement: State clearly why you are speaking at this moment. State your Goal, Thesis or what you expect as an Outcome. State your Destination. An example may be ... "This evening/today I am here to convince you that .... is the most effective way to do business today."



  1. Explain my Map to my destination > Preview of Speech: Briefly outline what you will cover in your persuasive speech. This is where you will ..."Tell what you are going to tell them".



  1. Transition: A transition is how you move from one section or point to the next. It is a linking idea. You could say ..."Let's begin by ...", "Let's start with ..." or I prefer "Let's consider ..."

B. BODY of your Speech
The Body of your speech is where the detail is found and is best contained in THREE points (you can have more, but don't confuse your audience). For a Persuasive Speech, this is where you will ... "Tell them"

  1. Main Point #1: State Point 1, State Reason, Give Example, Restate point



  1. Main Point #2: State Point 2, State Reason, Give Example, Restate point

    1. Transition: Create a linking statement to Point 3



  1. Main Point #3: State Point 3, State Reason, Give Example, Restate point



  1. Transition: Create a linking statement to the Conclusion, i.e. "Let's summarize ..." or "Can we consider these main points ..."

C. CONCLUSION
"Tell them what you have told them"

  1. Again state your destination >Restate outcome or thesis.




  1. Restate main points: State Point 1, State Point 2, State Point 3




  1. Call-to-Action: eg "I encourage you to ...", "Let's all contribute ..." , "... sign now ...", "make a decision now to be involved ..."




  1. Decision-Maker (Clincher - optional): "Coming around is the petition ..." "Being passed from the rear is a bag for your contribution to this noble cause, dig deep ..."

A Persuasive Speech Sample







This persuasive speech sample demonstrates how the persuasive speech outline is actually used to create a compelling, persuasive speech. This will be more work in the planning stages but less “writing” in the end. It's as simple as A B C D E ! Note also how the speech is built, how it builds with evidence, and how it finally challenges the audience.

A Persuasive Speech Sample

A. INTRODUCTION
"Tells your audience what you are going to tell them"and establishes the foundation for your speech.
A good Introduction 'draws the map' for the journey. For a Persuasive Speech an Introduction consists of


1. Attention-Getter: A statement that gains the attention of the audience and makes them believe that this issue is relevant to them. Please, do NOT use a rhetorical question here. Instead, think of your intro like a funnel. Your thesis (in this case, your position statement) is the narrow part and you slowly broaden out from that to a broad statement that applies to many, in not all, people.

Communication is central to our lives, and technology makes that communication easier than ever before.

Today, I want to describe to you what I believe is the 8th Wonder of the World. This wonder is right up there with the Pyramids, with the Hanging Gardens of Babylon, with the Colossus of Rhodes. However, it is not of the ancient world. Instead, it is a marvel of engineering and cooperation amongst the nations of the world.

Today, I use a cellular phone; I use the Internet; I use email.

The Internet is a way of connecting computers together around the world using the telephone cables. Email is electronic mail that is distributed across the Internet.

Putting these together, I can communicate with others almost anywhere anytime.

Did you know, "the number of emails sent on an average day was approximately 10 billion in 2002 and by 2005, this amount is expect to triple to 35 billion emails sent each day" (Source: IDC news release, 'Email Deluge Continues With No End In Sight, IDC Says': October 10, 2000).

Do you know that they are all asleep in Australia? Last year I called the offices of Equate, International to ask a business question. I only get the night security guard. It was good of him to take my call. Now, I email at any time and receive the needed information back as soon as the other office is open.



2. Bond > Link-to Audience: Identify a personal connection in the audiences' life, i.e. their use of the 'device' or system, or their emotional experience (grief and sorrow, happiness).

How many here use the telephone to connect with another?

Today we use a large amount of technology to live, communicate, and relate.

To speak with another: devices like the telephone or cell phone. To access information: television, satellites, global computer networks. To bank: we use ATMs. To travel: vehicles, planes and trains. To get to a destination: global positioning systems (GPS) guide airplanes, our cars, and it is now found on our cell phones.

We use technology every day to live.

Think of your kitchen, car, office, cinema, or local shopping center. Think of the technology you use and rely on.

What would it be like WITHOUT technology in our day?

3. "Credentials" of Speaker (Credibility): Demonstrate how you are an 'expert' through your own use, experience or study.

I use email every day in my work and for personal communications. I discovered email when I was studying many years ago. It was used as THE communication medium between the lecturers and between colleagues in my study team. We relied on email.



4. Destination / Position Statement: State clearly why you are speaking at this moment. State your Goal, Thesis or what you expect as an Outcome. State your Destination.

An example may be .. "This evening/today I am here to convince you that .... is the most effective way to do business today"

Today, I want to share my insights into this amazing communication method and convince you of its hidden potential, in YOUR life today.



5. Explain my Map to my destination > Preview of Speech: Briefly outline what you will cover in your persuasive speech. This is where you will ..."Tell what you are going to tell them"

What will we look at in the next few minutes? First, we will take a quick look at how the Internet and email has shrunk the world. Second, how business has been revolutionized, and third, how personal relations are enhanced by these new technologies; that's right, personal relations! Who ever thought a computer would help relationships.



Transition: A transition is how you move from one section or point to the next. It is a linking idea. You could say ..."Let's begin by ...", "Let's start with ..." or I prefer "Let's consider ..."

The Internet runs on energy: on electricity. How fast does electricity flow? How fast does a light switch turn on when you switch it? How fast does sound come from a radio when it is switched on? Let's now switch on email.



B. BODY of your Speech
The Body of your speech is where the detail is found and is best contained in THREE points (you can have more, but don't confuse your audience). For a Persuasive Speech, this is where you will ...
"Tell them"

1. Main Point #1

State Point 1
The world is shrinking with the advent of the Internet and in particular, email.

State a Reason
Why is this occurring? Because, email is easy to use. Email is very fast to both send and to receive. Email overcomes time barriers.

Give an Example
Recently when planning a vacation in England, the Internet and email were used to book hotels and hire cars organized across multiple time zones. No more ringing and trying to get people who are in bed other than at a sales desk. How often have you thought "don't they ever wake up over there?" I did.

Restate the Point
The world is in deed shrinking with the advent of email.

Transition: Create a linking statement to Point 2. As the world shrinks through communication technologies, it must be easier to do business.

2. Main Point #2

State Point 2
Email has revolutionized business. Business can now literally operate at the speed of light. According to the ePolicy Institute, "Email is growing at a rate of 66% annually; email is the most common way for business people to communicate.”

State a Reason
Email is simple, easy to use and fast. Email reduces the formalities of paper-based title pages and wording. Additionally, something like a sales quote email makes retrieving an old email easy when comparing negotiations. The Internet gives "instant" access to information from anywhere in the world.

Give an Example
From my desktop I can negotiate the best price for a transaction regardless where the shop is in the world. In fact I have more suppliers to choose from. Telephone tag (when you ring and they are out) is eliminated. Publishing words or pictures is simple. Anyone can publish on the Internet. I can stay in touch with the office anytime when I am out of the office, using the Internet and email.

Restate the Point
The Internet and email has revolutionized business and enables business to be forever open conducting business 24 hours a day, 7 days a week.

Transition: Create a linking statement to Point 3

The Internet and email can even bring friends closer together.



3. Main Point #3

State Point 3
The Internet and email enhances personal relations; email can even explode personal relationships in a new dimension.

State a Reason
Email is a powerful complement to the older technologies: telephone, letters ...
No stamps, no paper, no envelopes, no trips to/from the postbox.
Your message can be concise and to the point. Stay in touch even when you do not wish to speak.
- The Receiver of your message does not have to be home when you 'write'.
- Unlimited interactions via a computer (written, voice, image, music, information) versus limited via telephone (voice).
- Internet and email can bring together countless numbers of people sharing the same interests, i.e. chat rooms and instant messaging.

Give an Example
Stay in touch regardless of location. I emailed my son when he was in England. I email to a busy sister in another State, because she is rarely home. Using email means the call is not missed if I were to call.

Restate the Point
When it comes personal relations, email enables cheap, effective communication. Unlike the telephone, email is there when you connect to the Internet.

Transition: Create a linking statement to the Conclusion, i.e. "Let's summarize ..." or "Can we consider these main points ..."

The Internet and email has shrunk the world, enabled more timely business to occur and can enhance personal relationships and friendships.



C. CONCLUSION
"Tell them what you have told them"

1. Again state your destination >Restate outcome or thesis:

Today we have explored the powerful communication vehicle, the Internet and an effective tool for communication called email.

Today you have heard of the amazing hidden potential that email can bring to YOUR life.

2. Restate main points:

State Point 1

The world is indeed shrinking with the advent of email.



State Point 2

Email has revolutionized business. Business can now literally operate at the speed of light.



State Point 3

Email enhances personal relations. Email can develop personal relationships in a new dimension.



3. Call-to-Action: eg "I encourage you to ...", "Let's all contribute ..." , "... sign now ...", "make a decision now to be involved ..."

Connecting up to the Internet is simple today. Decide to communicate TODAY. It is time to get email.



4. Decision-Maker (Clincher - optional): "Coming around is the petition ..." "Being passed from the rear is a bag for your contribution to this noble cause, dig deep ..."

I am so excited by this technology, that today I have a FREE Internet Starter Kit available for you. It is being handed out now. Take this free sample; there are no strings and no obligations. Read over the attached sheet accompanying the CD. My number is there, give me a call if you have a question. There is no charge, as I simply know you can use this 8th Wonder of the World.

The best way to find out if email is of any value to you is to give it a go.

Send an email message to a friend, a son or daughter, or to a grandchild. Surprise them.

You will be amazed at this advancement in communication.

Holland, W. (2011). Persuasive speeches now. Retrieved from http://www.persuasive-speechesnow.com/



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