Name: per: World War II

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Name:______________________________________________per:_________________________World War II
"The seeds of World War II were sown earlier in the 20th century.''

1. Which statement does this quotation most strongly support?

1. United States involvement in Europe after World War I created an atmosphere of mistrust.

2. The United States was not successful in stopping Soviet expansion by peaceful means.

3. The European democracies encouraged Adolf Hitler to rearm Germany

4. The World War I peace settlement created bitterness and resentment.

2. A major reason for the isolationist trend in the United States following World War I was

1. a desire to continue the reforms of the Progressives

2. the public’s desire to end most trade with other nations

3. the failure of the United States to gain new territory

4. a disillusionment over the failure to achieve United States goals in the postwar world
3. Which action best illustrates the policy of isolationism followed by the United States before it entered World War II?

1. signing of a collective security pact with Latin American nations

2. passage of neutrality legislation forbidding arms sales to warring nations

3. embargo on the sale of gasoline and steel to Japan

4. President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s exchange of American destroyers for British naval and air

4. During the late 1930's, which factor most influenced the United States to change policies of isolationism and neutrality?

1. concern about the aggressive behavior Germany, Italy, and Japan

2. need to prevent the spread of communism by Soviet Union

3. desire to strengthen the League of Nations

4. need to provide vital sources of oil in the Middle East

5. In the 1930's, the United States attempted to avoid a repetition of the events leading up to United States involvement in World War I by

1. establishing the Good Neighbor policy with Latin American nations.

2. forgiving the foreign debts incurred during World War I

3. officially recognizing the existence of the Soviet Union

4. passing a series of neutrality laws
6. "An attack on one shall be considered an attack on all." This statement summarizes the foreign policy known as

1. colonialism 2. nonalignment 3. appeasement 4. collective security

7. "Wilson Orders Controls on U.S. Industry To Fight War Against Germany"

''FDR OK’s Destroyer Deal with England To Fight Sub Threat"

''Truman Orders Airlift of Supplies to Berlin."

Which generalization about governmental power in the United States is supported by these headlines?

1. Important Presidential decisions usually follow the results of public opinion polls.

2. Presidential actions during international crises have increased executive power.

3. Foreign policy is ultimately determined by Congress, power to allocate funds.

4. Presidential power to act in wartime cannot be exercised without bipartisan support.

8. Toward the end of World War II, the Servicemen's Readjustment Act (first GI bill, 1944) attempted to benefit American society by

1. guaranteeing racial equality in the Armed Forces

2. providing educational and financial assistance to veterans

3. abolishing the draft during peacetime

4. strengthening the concept of civilian control of the military
9. The United States became the "arsenal of democracy" in the early 1940's because the United States

1. possessed the economic resources to produce massive amounts of war material

2. introduced a series of strict draft laws

3. had established strong alliances with other countries during the 1920's and the early 1930's.

4. relied on the nation’s strong tradition of militarism
10. President Harry Truman justified using atomic bombs on Japan in 1945 on the grounds that the

1. world was ready for a demonstration of nuclear power 2. Axis powers deserved total destruction

3. early ending of the war would save many lives 4. American public demanded that the bombs be used
11. Which precedent was established by the Nuremberg war crimes trials?

1. National leaders can be held responsible for crimes against humanity

2. Only individuals who actually commit murder during a war can be guilty of a crime.

3. Defeated nations cannot be forced to pay reparations

4. Defeated nations can be occupied by the victors
12) How did the personal diplomacy conducted by President Franklin D. Roosevelt during World War II affect the Presidency?

1. Subsequent Presidents have refused to use this unsuccessful method

2. The President’s role in shaping United States foreign policy was strengthened

3. The President’s war powers as Commander in Chief were sharply reduced.

4. Congress increased its power over the executive branch
13) During World War II, women and minorities made economic gains mainly because

1. a shortage of traditional labor created new opportunities in the workplace

2. more educational opportunities increased the number of skilled workers in these groups.

3. labor unions successfully demanded equal opportunities for these groups.

4. new civil rights legislation forced businesses to change their hiring practices
14) A major cause of the internment of Japanese Americans during World War 11 was

1. national segregation policies 2. immigration quotas. 3. racial prejudice 4. economic depression.

15) The World War 11 experience of Japanese-American citizens is evidence that

1. individual liberties may be threatened by the perceived need for national security

2. constitutional rights are upheld equally in peacetime and in wartime

3. Presidents should regard the national interest as more important than human rights

4. minorities are generally unwilling to help in a war effort
16) Which statement identifies a change in American society during World War II?

1) Economic opportunities for women increased 2) Government regulation of the economy decreased

3) The Great Depression worsened 4) Racial tensions were eliminated
17) What was a key challenge faced by the United States during World War II?

1) lack of public support for the war effort 2) fighting the war on several fronts

3) difficulty gaining congressional support 4) total reliance on naval power
18) World War I and World War II brought about changes for minorities and women because these conflicts led to

1) the creation of new job opportunities 2) the passage of the Equal Rights Amendment

3) a greater number of high-level management positions 4) greater integration in housing and schools throughout the nation
19) The neutrality laws passed in the 1930's were based on the assumption that the surest way to avoid war was for the United States to

1. maintain a superior army and navy 2. restrict loans to and limit trade with warring nations

3. discourage aggressors by threatening military reprisals 4. enter alliances with other democratic nations
20) Which statement describes a major social and economic impact on American society during World War II?

1. The Great Depression continued to worsen 2. More women and minorities found employment in factories

3. The United States became an agricultural society 4. Consumer goods became easier to obtain.

21) Which statement most accurately describes the foreign policy change made by the United States between the start of World War II (1939) and the attack on Pearl Harbor (1941)?

1) The traditional isolationism of the United States was strengthened

2) The nation shifted from neutrality to military support for the Allies

3) War was declared on Germany but not on Japan

4) Financial aid was offered to both the Allied and Axis powers.

Base your answer to number 22 on the image below and your knowledge of social studies which should be a TON of knowledge since you have Mrs.Tretter as a teacher

The box in the bottom says:

Farm workers, Typists, Salespeople, Waitresses, Bus drivers, Taxi drives, Laundresses , Elevator operators, Messengers, teachers, conducts and hundreds of other war jobs

22) During World War II, posters like this were used to

1) prevent antiwar protests 2) recruit more women workers

3) convince women to enlist in the military services 4) gain acceptance for wartime rationing programs

23) “. . . The Director of the War Relocation Authority is authorized and directed to formulate and effectuate [implement] a program for the removal, from the areas designated from time to time by the Secretary of War or appropriate military commander under the authority of Executive Order No. 9066 of February 19, 1942, of the persons or classes of persons designated under such Executive Order, and for their relocation, maintenance, and supervision. . . .”---Executive Order 9102, March 18, 1942

Shortly after this executive order was signed, federal government authorities began to

1) move Japanese Americans to internment camps 2) deport German and Italian aliens

3) detain and interrogate Chinese immigrants 4) arrest individuals who planned the attack on Pearl Harbor

Base your answer to question 24 on the quotation below and on your knowledge of social studies.

“. . . The people of Europe who are defending themselves do not ask us to do their fighting. They ask us for the implements of war, the planes, the tanks, the guns, the freighters which will enable them to fight for their liberty and for

our security. Emphatically we must get these weapons to them, get them to them in sufficient volume and quickly enough, so that we and our children will be saved the agony and suffering of war which others have had to endure. . . .” — President Franklin D. Roosevelt’s “Fireside Chat,” December 29, 1940

24) In this statement, President Franklin D. Roosevelt was asking the nation to

1) support a declaration of war against Nazi Germany 2) adopt a policy of containment

3) join the League of Nations 4) become the “arsenal of democracy”

25) Which factor contributed to the internment of Japanese Americans during World War II?

1) labor shortage during the war 2) influence of racial prejudice

3) increase of terrorist activities on the West Coast 4) fear of loss of jobs to Japanese workers

26) Following World War II, Eleanor Roosevelt was most noted for her

1) support of racial segregation in the United States military

2) role in creating the United Nations Universal Declaration of Human Rights

3) opposition to the Truman Administration

4) efforts to end the use of land mines

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