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Ch 24 Vietnam Vocab



  1. domino theory-



  1. Vietminh-



  1. Geneva Accords-



  1. Viet Cong-



  1. National Liberation Front-



  1. Agent Orange-



  1. napalm-



  1. Ho Chi Minh Trail-



  1. Vietnamization-



  1. POW-



  1. MIA-

Name_____________________________________________________________Pd_________Date_________________

Ch 24 Vietnam Vocab



  1. domino theory-Belief that if one country fell to communism, neighboring countries would likewise fall

  2. Vietminh- Common name for the League for Independence of Vietnam

  3. Geneva Accords-A 1954 international conference in which Vietnam was divided into 2 nations along the 17th parallel

  4. Viet Cong- Communist guerrillas in South Vietnam

  5. National Liberation Front-Political arm of the Viet Cong

  6. Agent Orange- An herbicide used as a chemical weapon during Vietnam War to kill vegetation and expose enemy hiding places

  7. napalm- highly flammable chemical dropped from US planes in firebombing attacks during the Vietnam War

  8. Ho Chi Minh Trail- supply route used to carry troops and supplies from N Vietnam to South Vietnam

  9. Vietnamization- President Nixon’s policy of replacing American military forces with those of South Vietnam

  10. POW- Prisoner Of War

  11. MIA- Missing In Action

Name_____________________________________________________________Pd_________Date_________________

Ch 24.1 “The War Unfolds” pg 792


  1. When did the US become involved in Vietnam?Why? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/flag_of_vietnam.svg/125px-flag_of_vietnam.svg.png

Early years of Cold War (1950’s) Continue Truman’s policy of containment, which called for the US to resist SU attempts to spread communism around the world.

  1. Explain the domino theory and how it is said to affect the surrounding countries of Vietnam.

Fear that if one SE Asian nation fell to the Communists, the others would also fall. A Communist takeover of Vietnam posed a threat to Cambodia, Laos, Burma, and Thailandhttp://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/ho_chi_minh_1946_cropped.jpg/225px-ho_chi_minh_1946_cropped.jpg

  1. Who is the leader of the independence movement of Vietnam?What are they called?

Ho Chi Minh, Vietminh

  1. Who was fighting in Vietnam before the US? What happened? Until when?Who won?

French, 1954. Vietminh defeated the French after a long siege at Dien Bien Phu

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/ngo_dinh_diem_-_thumbnail_-_arc_542189.gif



  1. Explain the division of Vietnam b/c of the Geneva Accords using the leaders, capitals, economies.

NV-Ho Chi Minh, Hanoi, Communist

SV-Ngo Dinh Diem, anti-Communist, Saigon



  1. Why did American officials support the overthrow of Diem’s government?What happens to Diem?

Diem’s policies of relocating peasants and persecuting Buddhists made him unpopular in his own country. JFK realized that the struggle against communism could not be won under Diem’s rule. He is assassinated.

photo # kn-11060: uss maddox engages north vietnamese motor torpedo boats, 2 august 1964. painting by e.j. fitzgerald



  1. What is the Gulf of Tonkin Incident?Is it true?

Supposedly NV torpedo boats had attacked the US destroyers in the international waters of the Gulf of Tonkin. Attacks did not occur.

  1. What was the result of this?

Congress passes the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution

  1. What is the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?

Gave the President nearly complete control over what the US did in Vietnam, even without an official declaration of war form Congress.

Name_____________________________________________________________Pd_________Date_________________

Ch 24.1 “The War Unfolds” pg 792


  1. When did the US become involved in Vietnam?Why? http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/2/21/flag_of_vietnam.svg/125px-flag_of_vietnam.svg.png



  1. Explain the domino theory and how it is said to affect the surrounding countries of Vietnam.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/thumb/1/17/ho_chi_minh_1946_cropped.jpg/225px-ho_chi_minh_1946_cropped.jpg



  1. Who is the leader of the independence movement of Vietnam?What are they called?



  1. Who was fighting in Vietnam before the US? What happened? Until when?Who won?

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/9/9b/ngo_dinh_diem_-_thumbnail_-_arc_542189.gif



  1. Explain the division of Vietnam b/c of the Geneva Accords using the leaders, capitals, economies.



  1. Why did American officials support the overthrow of Diem’s government?What happens to Diem?

photo # kn-11060: uss maddox engages north vietnamese motor torpedo boats, 2 august 1964. painting by e.j. fitzgerald



  1. What is the Gulf of Tonkin Incident?Is it true?



  1. What was the result of this?



  1. What is the Gulf of Tonkin Resolution?

Name_____________________________________________________________Pd_________Date_________________

Ch 24.2 “Fighting the War” pg 798



  1. What were battlefield conditions like for American soldiers?

Difficult. American soldiers discovered that superior firepower had a sharply limited effect on an enemy that used guerrilla tactics and was often assisted by South Vietnamese civilians.http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/i/o/viet51.jpg

  1. What is guerilla warfare?

Working in small groups to launch sneak attacks and practice sabotage.

  1. How did the use of land mines and fragmentation bombs make the war especially brutal for soldiers and civilians?

Land mines planted in the ground were intended to stop advancing soldiers, but could be set off by the footsteps of anyone, soldier or civilian. The casings of fragmentation bombs flew in all directions after exploding, killing many.

  1. When LBJ became president he ______expanded/escalated_______the war in Vietnam.



  1. What was the Ho Chi Minh Trail?

A supply route from NV passing through Laos and Cambodia, which allowed supplies and troops from the N for the Viet Cong to be moved into SVhttp://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/l/o/viet101.jpg

  1. The American objective was not to conquer Vietnam but rather to

Force the enemy to stop fighting

  1. Were operations like” Rolling Thunder” and search and destroy mission victories effective? Why/Why not?

No, failed to have any significant effect on the course of war. Nothing seemed to diminish the enemy’s willingness or ability to continued fighting. When the Viet Cong suffered heavy losses, NV sent new troops.

http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/i/p/viet99.jpg



  1. Explain the Tet Offensive.

1968 Viet Cong and North Vietnam surprise attack throughout SV on major cities, towns, American military bases through SV.

  1. Why was the Tet Offensive a turning point in the Vietnam war?

Viet Cong won a psychological victory, even though the Americans won a military victory.

  1. List at least 3 results/effects of the Tet Offensive.

Demonstrated that the Viet Cong could launch a massive attack on targets throughout SV.

Images of the fighting flooded American TV- reservations about war, anti war protests

LBJ popularity plunges.

Name_____________________________________________________________Pd_________Date_________________

Ch 24.2 “Fighting the War” pg 798


  1. What were battlefield conditions like for American soldiers?



  1. What is guerilla warfare?



  1. How did the use of land mines and fragmentation bombs make the war especially brutal for soldiers and civilians?



  1. When LBJ became president he ___________________________the war in Vietnam.



  1. What was the Ho Chi Minh Trail?

http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/l/o/viet101.jpg



  1. The American objective was not to conquer Vietnam but rather to



  1. Were operations like” Rolling Thunder” and search and destroy mission victories effective? Why/Why not?

http://z.about.com/d/history1900s/1/0/i/p/viet99.jpg



  1. Explain the Tet Offensive.



  1. Why was the Tet Offensive a turning point in the Vietnam war?



  1. List at least 3 results/effects of the Tet Offensive.

Name_______________________________________________________Pd_________________Date_______________

24.3 & 4 “Political Divisions/The End of War”



  1. What are the 2 views on the war in Vietnam?

Some favored increasing the war effort in order to bring about military victory

Others believed that he war was morally wrong and urged immediate withdrawal of US Troops



  1. Few people___________ refused to be drafted in the first half of the 1960’s. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:bxs_39dtytogfm:http://www.boomerslife.org/anti-war_vietnam_war_protest_rally.jpg



  1. List 3 ways people tried to avoid the draft.

Claiming physical disabilities

Conscientious-objector statushttp://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:f0yfruxscbyxhm:http://lord-jim.net/wp-content/uploads/2007/01/nixon.gif

Fleeing to other countries


  1. Who competes in the Presidential Election of 1968? Parties?Winner

Humphrey- D

George Wallace-D/I

Nixon-R Winner

_____________________________________24.4 “The End of the War”_________________________________



  1. Who are the “silent majority” that Nixon speaks about?

Those who quietly support Nixon’s policies

  1. Explain Nixon’s Vietnamization.

Removing US forces and replacing them with SV soldiers

  1. How does Nixon expand the war in 1970?Why?What are the effects?

US and SV invades Cambodia to clear out Communist camps b/c they were mounting attacks on SV from Cambodia. Knew it would not win the war, but maybe at the bargaining table. This brought chaos and civil war in Cambodia and more protests at home.

  1. Explain what took place at Kent State and Jackson State.Year? Who? Why?Result?

1970, Student protests against US invasion of Cambodia, Kent-braking widows, burned ROTC bulding. Gov of Ohio calls NG. Protesters are gassed and shot 4 dead.

  1. Explain the 4 agreements of the Paris Peace Accords of 1973.

  1. US would withdraw all forces form SV in 60 dayshttp://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:-qmpsnv7g9iyym:http://www.m38a1.com/images/archives/kentstatepic2.jpg

  2. All POW’s would be released

  3. All parties would end military activities in Laos and Cambodia

  4. 17th parallel would divided N and S Vietnam until country could be reunited.



  1. Explain the fall of South Vietnam. Official date of surrender?

After the withdrawal of US forces SV steadily lost ground. By 4/29/75 Communist forces surrounded Saigon and US evacuated Americans and Vietnamese for the city. On 4/30/75 SV surrenders and Vietnam was a single nation under a Communist government.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:s-wfomgftsorim:http://isc.temple.edu/sdrury/survey/detail/jumpcopters.jpg

  1. Did the “Domino Theory” hold true? What countries?

Yes, Cambodia and Laos.

  1. Costs of the Vietnam War.

  1. Americans dead- 58,000

  2. Americans wounded- 300,000

  3. POW’s/MIA’s- 2,500

  4. Money spent- $150 Billion

  5. Vietnamese soldiers dead- millions

  6. Vietnamese civilians dead-countless



  1. More bombs rained down on ____Vietnam____ than had fallen on all the ____Axis Powers______ during ______WWII______.

Name_______________________________________________________Pd_________________Date_______________

24.3& 4 “Political Divisions/The End of War”


  1. What are the 2 views on the war in Vietnam?



  1. ________________________ refused to be drafted in the first half of the 1960’s. http://t3.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:bxs_39dtytogfm:http://www.boomerslife.org/anti-war_vietnam_war_protest_rally.jpg



  1. List 3 ways people tried to avoid the draft.




  1. Who competes in the Presidential Election of 1968? Parties?Winner

_____________________________________24.4 “The End of the War”_________________________________

  1. Who are the “silent majority” that Nixon speaks about? http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:9nhssjvm4_b_im:http://timesonline.typepad.com/photos/uncategorized/2008/02/01/viet_cong.jpg



  1. Explain Nixon’s Vietnamization.



  1. How does Nixon expand the war in 1970?Why?What are the effects?



  1. Explain what took place at Kent State and Jackson State.Year? Who? Why?Result?



  1. Explain the 4 agreements of the Paris Peace Accords of 1973.



  1. Explain the fall of South Vietnam. Official date of surrender?



  1. Did the “Domino Theory” hold true? What countries?

http://t2.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:aweifo5-q8mfwm:http://www.dramforum.net/wp-content/uploads/2010/01/vietnam-war-medics.jpg



  1. Costs of the Vietnam War.

  1. Americans dead-

  2. Americans wounded-

  3. POW’s/MIA’s-

  4. Money spent-

  5. Vietnamese soldiers dead-

  6. Vietnamese civilians dead-



  1. More bombs rained down on ____________________ than had fallen on all the ___________________ during ______________________.

Name_______________________________________________________Pd_________________Date_______________

25.1-.5 Nixon, Ford, Carter (1969-1981)http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:gowtqfujatwd2m:http://www.mindfully.org/reform/2005/nixon-cambodia-cover-up17nov05.gif

1. How does Nixon try to control inflation and stimulate the nation?

Uses deficit spending.

2. What is deficit spending? Do we use this today?

Spending more money in a year than the government receives in revenue, yes

3. Explain the reasons for the energy problem in 1973. Results/Effects for the US? Sound familiar??

Israel and Arab nations went to war (Egypt/Syria). US backs Israel. Arab members of OPEC (Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries) ban shipping of oil to the US. Oil prices skyrocket along with inflation. Consumers reacted to the higher prices by cutting back on spending. Result in a recession.

http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:1q95kn22xgos-m:http://mrbochin23.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/opec.jpg

4. Define OPEC and what they do.

Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. Group of nations that cooperates to set oil prices and production levels.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:e_2dmhzzyl3xym:http://rhapsodyinbooks.files.wordpress.com/2009/07/neil-armstrong-on-the-moon1.jpg

5. Explain the first landing on the moon. Year?Who?Ship?Famous quote?

1961,Neil Armstrong/Eagle/Apollo 11, “That’s one small step for man, one giant leap for mankind.”

6. Explain the Watergate break-in. What were they trying to do?Why?Who?

Committee to Reelect the President try to wiretap phones of the Democratic National Committee headquarters in the Watergate apt complex in D.C. to find damaging info about delegates at their convention.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:8azrqqfqchdsdm:http://growabrain.typepad.com/growabrain/images/nixon_crook.jpg

7. What happens to Nixon?How does Nixon react?

He is investigated to be impeached. He resigns becoming the first President to do so before he is impeached.

8. Who is the next President?What is peculiar about him becoming President?

Gerald Ford, Was never elected to become President or VP. He was appointed to be Nixon’s VP after Agnew resigned.http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:_aaymlsvvggbum:http://img.youtube.com/vi/ia248umortk/0.jpg

9.What does Ford do about Watergate/Nixon?

Ford pardons Nixon

10.What were the Camp David Accords? Who is the new President?

A framework for peace between Egypt and Israel, which was mediated by President Carter. Under the resulting peace treaty, Israel would withdraw from the Sinai peninsula, and Egypt became the first Arab country to recognize Israel’s existence.

Name_______________________________________________________Pd_________________Date_______________

25.1-.5 Nixon, Ford, Carter (1969-1981)http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:gowtqfujatwd2m:http://www.mindfully.org/reform/2005/nixon-cambodia-cover-up17nov05.gif

1. How does Nixon try to control inflation and stimulate the nation?

2. What is deficit spending? Do we use this today?

3. Explain the reasons for the energy problem in 1973. Results/Effects for the US? Sound familiar??

4. Define OPEC and what they do.http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:1q95kn22xgos-m:http://mrbochin23.files.wordpress.com/2008/10/opec.jpg

5. Explain the first landing on the moon. Year?Who?Ship?Famous quote?

6. Explain the Watergate break-in. What were they trying to do?Why?Who?

http://t1.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:8azrqqfqchdsdm:http://growabrain.typepad.com/growabrain/images/nixon_crook.jpg

7. What happens to Nixon?How does Nixon react?

8. Who is the next President?What is peculiar about him becoming President?

http://t0.gstatic.com/images?q=tbn:_aaymlsvvggbum:http://img.youtube.com/vi/ia248umortk/0.jpg

9.What does Ford do about Watergate/Nixon?



10.What were the Camp David Accords? Who is the new President?


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