Name: Date: Period: Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency



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Name:________________________________________ Date:_______________ Period:__________________

Thomas Jefferson’s Presidency

1801-1809

Thomas Jefferson -- author of the ____________________ of ________________________and the Statute of Virginia for Religious Freedom, ___________________ president of the United States, and founder of the University of Virginia -- voiced the aspirations of a new America as no other individual of his era. As public official, historian, philosopher, and plantation owner, he served his country for over ______________ decades.



The Beginning

  • March 4, 1801

    • Thomas Jefferson is the first President inaugurated in the new capital city of_______________________ ___________.

    • He delivers his first inaugural address. This address outlines what he feels are the essential principles of _____________________________.

First Inaugural Address

  • Essential Principles of Government

    • “equal and exact _______________________ to all men”

    • “________________________, commerce, and honest friendship with all nations”

    • “the __________________________ of ______________________ governments”

    • “the ________________________________________ of general government”

    • punishment for those who choose to_____________________________

    • ____________________________________ with the decisions of the majority

  • Essential Principles of Government Cont…

    • “a well disciplined ____________________________”

    • honest _______________________________ of debts

    • maintaining a sound _______________________________

    • proper _______________________________________ of information

    • freedom of _________________________________

    • freedom of the ____________________________

First Term Cabinet

Cabinet of President Thomas Jefferson

March 4, 1801-March 3, 1805 (Term 1)

State

James Madison

Treasury

Samuel Dexter
Albert Gallatin (from May 14, 1801)

War

Henry Dearborn

Navy

Benjamin Stoddert
Robert Smith (from July 27, 1801)

Attorney General

Levi Lincoln

Barbary Wars

  • May _____________

    • Pasha of __________________ declares war with the United States because President Jefferson refused to make the immediate payment of __________________________ and the annual payment of $25,000.

    • On the 20th Jefferson sent the first __________________ fleet to the area.

      • The ships included the _____________________, Philadelphia, Essex and Enterprise.

  • In his first annual message, _______________________ addresses the Barbary Wars.

    • He justifies his actions of sending a naval fleet to the _________________________________.

    • He also outlines the reasons the Pasha of Tripoli _______________________ war with the United States.

  • _______________ – Jefferson faces much criticism for his decisions made regarding the war

  • The Philadelphia runs aground in the Tripoli Harbor and it ___________ and ___________________________ are taken captive

  • He is forced to make several _________________________ changes.

    • 1801- Commodore Richard Dale

    • 1802 – Commodore Richard Morris

    • 1803 – Commodore Edward Preble

  • Realizing that there was no way to recapture the Philadelphia, Commodore __________________ devises a plan to ________________________ the ship

  • February 4, _______________________ the Philadelphia was destroyed.

  • August 3, 1804 the first attack against Tripoli took place when the ________________________________________ guns fired on the city.

  • September 1804 – the final battle took place in the Tripoli _____________________

  • September 1804 – Commodore _____________________ arrived with backup for Commodore Preble

    • Commodore Barron, who is senior in rank to Preble, continued the ___________________________ and started looking for a new way to peace

    • Shortly after Commodore Barron arrive, Commodore Preble ________________

    • June 4, 1805 after the Pasha of Tripoli had been replaced, a _______________ was made with the United States and the prisoners were released.

Louisiana Purchase

  • April 30, 1803

    • Robert Livingston & _____________ __________________ signed the Louisiana Purchase Treaty in ___________________

    • The United States paid $_______________ million for the land, roughly 4 cents per _____________________

    • The purchase added ___________________________ square miles of land west of the Mississippi to the United States

    • July 4 the Louisiana Purchase is ___________________________ announced

Lewis and Clark Expedition

  • __________________________________ 18, 1803

    • Jefferson asks ______________________ for funds to explore the land west of the Mississippi

    • His goal is to find a ___________________ route to the ____________________

  • May 1804

    • Meriwether _________________ and William ________________ depart on the expedition

  • January 18, 1803

    • Jefferson sends a ______________________ message to congress regarding the Lewis and Clark Expedition

    • In this message Jefferson asks for permission to establish ________________ with the ___________________________

Second Inaugural Address

  • Delivered on March 4, __________________

  • Stresses the importance of American ___________________________________ in matters of foreign affairs

  • Outlines the _______________________ _________________________and the processes by which the original inhabitants of the land will become citizens of the United States

  • Stresses the importance of harmony amongst all _____________________________ of America

Embargo Act of 1807

  • 1803 - Renewal of the ___________________________ Wars between France and Great Britain

  • America was once again trapped between the two ______________________

  • Jefferson wanting to stay neutral proposed an ________________________ on all foreign trade

  • This was highly unsuccessful and devastated the American _____________

  • The _________________ ______________________ ________________of 1809 was put in place to repeal the unsuccessful Embargo Act

2nd Term Cabinet

March 4, 1805-March 3, 1809 (Term 2)

State

James Madison

Treasury

Albert Gallatin

War

Henry Dearborn

Navy

Robert Smith

Attorney General

John Breckinridge
Caesar Augustus Rodney

(from January 20, 1807)



2nd Term in Office

His second term, a time when he encountered more difficulties on both the _______________________ and ____________________________ fronts, is most remembered for his efforts to maintain neutrality in the midst of the conflict between Britain and France; his efforts did not avert ________________ with Britain that would eventually come in 1812.



Life after the Presidency

  • Jefferson was succeeded as president in 1809 by his friend _____________ ____________________, and during the last seventeen years of his life, he remained at ______________________________________.

  • During this period, he sold his collection of books to the government to form the nucleus of the __________________________ of Congress.

  • Jefferson embarked on his last great public service at the age of seventy-six, with the founding of the University of _____________________________. He spearheaded the legislative campaign for its charter, secured its location, designed its buildings, planned its curriculum, and served as the first rector.

Jefferson’s Death

  • Jefferson died on_____________ ____ ______________, just hours before his close friend John Adams, on the fiftieth anniversary of the adoption of the Declaration of Independence.


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