Name: Date: Period: crm & Vietnam Study Guide



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Name: _____________________________________________________________________

Date: ______________________________________

Period: _____________________________________
CRM & Vietnam Study Guide



  1. After Reconstruction, the gains made by African Americans were….

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  1. What were Jim Crow laws?

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  1. What was the first major victory for the NAACP?

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  1. Which of these Truman civil rights proposals was NOT blocked by Southern congressmen?

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  1. What did it finally take to integrate schools in Little Rock, Arkansas?

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  1. How long did the Montgomery bus boycott last?

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  1. For what is the Warren Supreme Court noted?

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  1. Warren’s approach to the Constitution became known as

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  1. What was President Kennedy’s most lasting accomplishment?

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  1. What did the Warren Commission conclude concerning Kennedy’s assassination?

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  1. President Johnson’s reform programs came to be called

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  1. Martin Luther King, Jr., was heavily influenced by what philosophy?

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  1. What was the goal of the SCLC?

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  1. A peaceful civil rights march in Birmingham, Alabama, was met with

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  1. What was the main purpose of the 1963 March on Washington?

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  1. What was the purpose of the Voting Rights Act of 1965?

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  1. What sparked the Watts riots?

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  1. What is “affirmative action?”

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  1. Who wrote The Feminine Mystique?

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  1. Why did AIM stage an occupation of Wounded Knee, South Dakota?

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  1. Which of these is illegal under the Education for the Handicapped Act of 1975?

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  1. The term “judicial activism” is often applied to the act of

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  1. Disability rights organizations backed laws requiring

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  1. Rosa Parks was arrested for (don’t guess… be precise)

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Segregation of white and colored children in public schools has a detrimental effect upon the colored children. The impact is greater when it has the sanction of the law, for the policy of separating the races is usually interpreted as denoting [indicating] the inferiority of the negro group. A sense of inferiority affects the motivation of a child to learn. Segregation with the sanction of law, therefore, has a tendency to [retard] the educational and mental development of negro children and to deprive them of some of the benefits they would receive in a racial[ly] integrated school system. . . . We conclude that, in the field of public education, the doctrine of “separate but equal” has no place. Separate educational facilities are inherently unequal.


Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. This excerpt is taken from

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  1. On December 21, 1956, Martin Luther King, Jr., boarded a public bus in Montgomery, Alabama. Why was this significant?

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Miranda v. Arizona reversed the conviction of Ernesto Miranda. In this case, the Supreme Court ruled that the prosecution may not use statements made by a person who is being questioned by the police unless certain procedures are followed. The person in police custody must know that he or she has the right to remain silent, that anything he or she says may be used as evidence, and that he or she has the right to request an attorney. To uphold this ruling, the court established the so-called Miranda warnings, which ensure “that the individual is accorded his privilege under the Fifth Amendment.” Critics of the ruling claim that Miranda makes it more difficult to fight crime.


Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. The Miranda ruling reflected Judge Earl Warren’s belief in the importance of

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  1. How did Johnson’s Great Society change the scope of the federal government?

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1.

Title I banned the use of different voter registration standards for blacks and whites.

2.

Title II prohibited discrimination in public accommodations. . . .

3.

Title VI allowed the withholding of federal funds from public or private programs that practice discrimination.

4.

Title VII banned discrimination on the basis of race, sex, religion, or national origin by employers and unions. . . .


Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. The provisions listed in the excerpt were part of

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  1. “We been saying freedom for six years--and we ain’t got nothin’. What we gonna start saying now is ‘black power!’” Who said these words?

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Quote 1:

“. . . a new coalition that will fight for Indian treaty rights and better conditions for our people.”

—Dennis Banks


Quote 2:

“To serve, not to be served.”

—Dr. Ethel Percy Andrus


Quote 3:

“Men and women approaching retirement age should be recycled for public service work, and their companies should foot the bill. We can no longer afford to scrap-pile people.”

—Maggie Kuhn


Quote 4:

“The purpose . . . is to take action to bring women into full participation in the mainstream of American society now, exercising all privileges and responsibilities thereof in truly equal partnership with men.”

—Rev. Pauli Murray



Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. Which quote describes the goal of the American Indian Movement?

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  1. Which of the following statements might a member of the UFW have said (take some notes on the UFW).

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  1. Shortly after World War II, one of the first racial barriers to fall was in

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  1. At the time of Brown v. Board of Education, how did segregation in the North differ from that of the South?

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  1. The Civil Rights Act of 1964 – describe what it did.

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  1. In Miranda v. Arizona, the Supreme Court held that

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  1. Why did the civil rights movement splinter?

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Directions: Use the quotation and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.


“Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or by any State on account of sex.” – proposed Equal Rights Amendment, passed by Congress in 1972



  1. If it had been ratified, this amendment would have

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  1. Which group led a campaign to ratify this amendment?

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  1. The Voting Rights Act of 1975 required

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  1. Which country interrupted French rule of Vietnam during World War II?

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  1. Which country did the United States view as the biggest threat to world peace after World War II?

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  1. Who inherited the problem of Vietnam from Kennedy?

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  1. Which countries gave support to the Vietcong?

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  1. What happened during the Gulf of Tonkin incident?

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  1. Which of the following was NOT considered an effect of Agent Orange?

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  1. What was the difference between “hawks” and “doves?”

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  1. What is considered a strong reason that Americans turned against the Vietnam War?

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  1. Who ran against Lyndon Johnson in 1968? – do you feel a trick? _____________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. What was Vietnamization?

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  1. How did Americans react to the expansion of the war into Cambodia?

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  1. Which year did the last U.S. troops withdraw from Vietnam? _____________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. What did the 1973 War Powers Act state?

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  1. Which country eventually took action to relocate the boat people?

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  1. Who coined the term “silent majority?” ______________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Who became president when Nixon resigned? ____________________________________________________



  1. Before Nixon visited China, who did Americans treat as China’s legitimate rulers? ___________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. What did the SALT treaty do?

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  1. What was John Dean’s testimony to the Watergate Committee?

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  1. How did President Ford attempt to end the “long nightmare of Watergate?”

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  1. From which country did Vietnam declare independence after World War II? ______________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. President Kennedy continued Eisenhower’s policy of support for

A

South Vietnam.

B

North Vietnam.

C

the Vietcong.

D

Cambodia.



  1. Which U.S. President ordered the first American combat troops into Vietnam? ______________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Napalm and Agent Orange are two examples of ______________________________________________________________________________________________



Directions: Use the chart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the questions.


United States Military Casualties in the Vietnam War

Branch of Service

Number of Deaths

Army

38,195

Navy

2,562

Air Force

2,583

Marines

14,837

Total

58,177



  1. Which two branches of the armed forces received the heaviest casualties during the Vietnam War?

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  1. Overall, how many Americans in the armed forces died during the Vietnam War? ______________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. To avoid serving in the war, some men sought recognition as

A

conscientious objectors.

B

doves.

C

hawks.

D

guerrillas.



  1. Which country did the United States start bombing in an effort to pressure North Vietnam into negotiating peace?

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  1. Who won the 1968 presidential election by promising “peace with honor” in Vietnam?

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  1. The South Vietnamese government formally surrendered when North Vietnamese troops entered

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  1. As a result of the Watergate scandal, President Nixon ______________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. President Ford’s WIN program tried to stop ______________________________________________________________________________________________




Use the flowchart and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. Why did the United States support South Vietnam? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. What policies did President Kennedy follow in Vietnam?

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Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. Which event shown on the map escalated the war in Vietnam? ____________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. In what ways did doves express their feelings about the Vietnam War? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________




Use the map and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:


  1. Which of the following statements is best supported by the results of the presidential election of 1968?

A

Most Americans supported Nixon because he vowed to restore ”law and order‘ at home and win ”peace with honor‘ in Vietnam.

B

Many Americans of voting age were so disgusted by the debate and chaos surrounding the war that they chose not to vote at all.

C

Riots and demonstrations kept many of Wallace’s supporters away from the polls on election day.

D

The country was closely divided between people who supported Humphrey, a backer of Johnson’s Vietnam policies, and Nixon, who promised to end the chaos at home and overseas.


  1. After American forces left Vietnam in 1973, what happened in Vietnam?

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“I have not been satisfied, and i am still not satisfied that all the pertinent facts that might be available—I say might be available—have been produced before an American jury. . . . I would hope that the Senate committee is granted power by Congress . . . to try to get to the bottom of what happened in this case.”

—Judge John J. Sirica


Use the excerpt and your knowledge of social studies to answer the following questions:




  1. To which event of the Nixon presidency is Judge Sirica referring? __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________



  1. Which of the following were problems faced by President Ford?


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