Name: Date: Period: Causes of Revolution
How did Simon Bolivar and Jose San Martin Work together to achieve Independence in South America?
Revolutions Throughout Latin America
Effects of the Revolutions
The Island of Saint Domingue had long been a prize in the French empire, and by 1789 it produced nearly 40% of the world's sugar. The island was home to roughly 500,000 enslaved African who outnumbered white plantation owners and free blacks 10-1. In order to maintain control, white plantation owners used brutal tactics to scare their slaves.
When in 1789 Revolution broke out in France, revolutionary forces began to emerge amongst whites, free blacks and different groups within the slave populations. Using the ideas of "The Declaration of the Rights of Man" and other important revolutionary doctrine, would-be revolutionaries on Saint Domingue petitioned the National assembly for autonomy. In response, the National assembly granted the colony power over local government, but the act's vague language led to different interpretations on the island and what had been an independence movement broke into war between white planters and free blacks. The chaos and inspiring events of the French Revolution led to an all out slave revolt. Slave Revolt that began in 1791 was led by a man named Toussaint L'Ouverture and would set the colony and its slave population on the road to independence and Freedom!
1) Who was Toussaint L'Ouverture?
2) What did he accomplish?
3) How was he betrayed and what happened to him?
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