Name: Date: 20th Century Am. Hist. – Block

Download 44.55 Kb.
Date conversion24.05.2016
Size44.55 Kb.


Date: ___________________________

20th Century Am. Hist. – Block ______

The upcoming test in this class will cover Chapter 15, Chapter 16, and section 1 of Chapter 17 from your textbook (pages 458-518). It will cover any worksheets that we have done or discussed in class. Thus, to prepare for the upcoming test in this class, you should review your textbook, your notes, any quizzes that we’ve taken, and any worksheets that have been distributed. The test will be about 120 points, and it will have roughly 40-50 multiple-choice or matching questions and several short answer/essay questions. You will be allowed to use your notes on part of the test. The following is a list of Review Questions that you may help you study for and prepare for the test.
1. What were some reasons that immigrants came to the United States?

2. Between 1870 and 1920, approximately _______________ Europeans arrived in the United States. Before 1890, most immigrants came from _______________________________ Europe. After 1890, more people came from _________________________________ Europe.

3. What were reasons why many people left Europe?

4. From what countries did many immigrants on the West Coast come? Where did these immigrants usually arrive? What restrictions were placed on immigration from these two countries?

5. What were reasons why many Mexicans immigrated to the U.S.?

6. What problems did immigrants face on their voyage to the U.S.?

7. Immigrants on the East Coast usually arrived at __________________________. What was the process for these immigrants when they first arrived?

8. What is “nativism”? What did “nativists” believe?

9. What was the “Gentlemen’s Agreement”?

10. Most immigrants in the late 1800s settled in ____________________. Why did immigrants prefer cities to rural areas?

11. What were some problems that immigrants faced when they arrived in the United States? What was “Americanization”?

12. What were several reasons that Americans moved to the cities? What were some of the benefits of the cities?

13. What were six problems that began to develop in cities?

14. What is a tenement? What were some of the problems associated with the “dumbbell” tenements?

15. Which of these was not a significant problem faced by city dwellers?

A. low wages C. rapidly spreading diseases

B. lack of transportation D. poor living conditions
16. Why were cities not equipped to handle or to respond to growing problems?

17. What was a settlement house? Who was Jane Addams?

18. What effect did urban and industrial growth have on life in American cities?

19. Why did Mark Twain called American life near the turn of the century the “Gilded Age”?

20. Cities were receptive to a new political structure, the ________________________, and a new politician, the ______________________.

21. What was the “political machine”? How was it organized?

22. What were several benefits or positives of political bosses (ward bosses or city bosses)?

23. What were problems or negatives associated with political bosses?

  • Kickbacks” – illegal agreements for companies to charge a city more than the cost of a project, then kicking-back some of the extra to the politicians

  • Corrupt politicians

24. Why were immigrants particularly susceptible to the influence of a ward boss or city boss?

Political bosses helped immigrants with citizenship, housing, and jobs
25. What were “kickbacks”?

  • Kickbacks” – illegal agreements for companies to charge a city more than the cost of a project, then kicking-back some of the extra to the politicians

26. Who was Boss Tweed? Boss” Tweed in New York City defrauded cities of millions

27. What is patronage? What are the dangers of patronage? What is civil service?

  • Civil service system – giving government jobs to the most qualified persons

  • Patronage – rewarding political supporters with jobs

  • Dangers of patronage – unskilled workers, jobs not getting done well/ on time

28. What is a tariff? How can a tariff be used to protect American businesses?

29. What are some technological advances that were made for city life around the turn of the century?

30. By 1900, what percentage of Americans lived in cities? By what decade did more than 50% of Americans live in cities?

31. What advancements contributed to the development of skyscrapers? Why were skyscrapers needed in cities?

32. How did people travel inside of cities? How did electricity transform urban transportation?

33. What is the concept of urban planning?

34. What was the plan that was developed for Chicago?

35. What were some of the advancements in the printing industry? What was the literacy rate in the U.S. by 1890?

36. Who were the men who developed the first airplane? How long did their first flight last?

37. Who developed the first practical camera? What was it called? How did it revolutionize photography?

38. What were the goals of public education?

39. How were opportunities different for white students and black students in public education?

40. What opportunities were available for immigrants in public schools? What goals were public schools trying to accomplish with regard to immigrants?

41. How did the industrialization of the country affect public education?

42. Who were Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. DuBois? How were their beliefs similar? How were they different?

43. What is a lynching?

44. What were some of the systems and policies that were in place in the South to weaken African Americans and their political power?

45. What is a poll tax? What is a grandfather clause? What is a literacy test?

46. What were Jim Crow laws?

47. What did the case of Plessy v. Ferguson decide? What system did it leave in place? What was the name of the 1954 Supreme Court case that overruled Plessy v. Ferguson?

48. What was “racial etiquette” in the South? What were some examples?

49. What type of discrimination and conditions did African Americans face in the North? Why had many African Americans begun to move to the North?

50. What was “debt peonage”? How was it similar to sharecropping?

51. What were certain leisure activities that Americans enjoyed around the turn of the century?

52. Why did boxing and baseball become popular spectator sports?

53. What is the literary and artistic movement of Realism?

54. How did newspaper editors such as Joseph Pulitzer and William Randolph Hearst try to get more people to buy their newspapers?

55. What were several new ways that developed for businesses to sell their products to consumers?
56. What were major goals of the Progressive movement?

57. How did many Progressives hope to protect the social welfare?

    • Wanted to lessen some of the harsh conditions of industrialization

    • Helped poor immigrants

    • Worked to get protection for industrial workers

    • Wanted to improve lives of children and women

    • Some felt that morality was the key to improving Americans’ lives

58. What was Prohibition? What was it designed to accomplish? How successful was it?

  • Prohibition: the movement to ban alcoholic beverages

    • Believed that alcohol was destroying American morals

59. What was Socialism and who was the first leader of the Socialist party in the United States?

60. What was a “muckraker”? Why were they called this? Who was Upton Sinclair, and what industry did he expose with his novel The Jungle? To what changes did his book lead?

  • a journalist who exposed the corrupt side of business, industry, and public officials

  • Upton Sinclair’s The Jungle exposed the meatpacking industry

  • Food and Drug administration -

61. What was the “scientific management” movement? What advances did Henry Ford make to this movement and to American business in general?

62. What reforms were made to local politics and local government? Who was Robert M. La Follette?

63. What reforms were made to help with the problem of child labor? What were some of the problems associated with child labor?

64. What reforms did Progressives accomplish with regard to women, working conditions, and workers’ compensation?

65. What was the initiative? What was the referendum? What was the recall?

66. What was the Seventeenth Amendment? Why was this important to Progressives?

67. What were some ways in which the movie Far and Away reflected the following: (a) reasons why Europeans may have left their countries for the United States; (b) problems faced by immigrants; c) problems of urbanization; (d) the political machine and political bosses; (e) railroads; and (f) the land rushes.


68. Compare the experience and problems of an immigrant at the turn of the century with the experience and problems of an African American in the South.

69. In what ways did industrialization lead directly to urbanization? In what ways did immigration lead directly to urbanization?
70. Discuss the discrimination and specific hurdles that African Americans faced at the turn of the century.

The database is protected by copyright © 2016
send message

    Main page