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HWA CHONG INSTITUTION (High School Section) SEC 2 HISTORY

LEAGUE OF NATIONS IN THE 1920s


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Date:



SBQ SKILL: INFERENCE OF PURPOSE (2)
Study Source A.

What do you think is the message of the cartoon? Explain your answer. [6m]
Source A: ‘Moral Persuasion’ published in 1920 in the British magazine ‘Punch’. The rabbit is saying, “My offensive equipment being practically nil, it remains for me to fascinate him with the power of my eye”.


LORMs (Levels of Response Marking)
Skill: Inference of Purpose



Level

Descriptor

Marks

L1

No source reference / details taken from the source

1-2

L2

Inference(s), unsupported

2m: 1 inference unsupported

3m: 2 inferences unsupported

2-3

L3

Inference(s), supported

3m: 1 weak inference supported
4m: 1 strong inference supported/ 2 Weak inferences supported

5m: with additional detail, or 2 inferences supported

3-5

L4

Purpose supported and explained (use of contextual knowledge to infer

the message behind the source)

6


L3 Answer


Inference (s), supported (No PURPOSE)

  • Inference

  • Support from source

  • Explanation

L3/4m: One Inference, supported (NO PURPOSE)

In Source A, the League of Nations is portrayed as being ineffective in its peace keeping methods. This is supported by the cartoon which shows the League being depicted as a rabbit and international strife is drawn as the snake. This means that the League has become a prey and since it is weak, it will be overpowered by international strife (the predator in the cartoon).



OR

In Source A, the League as depicted by the rabbit has no chance of defeating a stronger force, international strife, thus showing that the League cannot fulfil its peacemaking role effectively. This is evident in the source which states that the rabbit, the League of Nations, “offensive equipment being practically nil”. Hence the League is depicted as not having an army as opposed to the international strife, which caused it to be unable to resolve conflicts and resort to hypnosis, intimidation or negotiations.



L3/5m: TWO Inferences, supported (NO PURPOSE)

In Source A, the League of Nations is portrayed as being ineffective in its peace keeping methods. This is supported by the cartoon which shows the League being depicted as a rabbit and international strife is drawn as the snake. This means that the League has become a prey and since it is weak, it will be overpowered by international strife (the predator in the cartoon). In addition, the League is also depicted by the rabbit has no chance of defeating a stronger force, international strife, thus showing that the League cannot fulfil its peacemaking role effectively. This is evident in the source which states that the rabbit, the League of Nations, “offensive equipment being practically nil”. Hence the League is depicted as not having an army as opposed to the international strife, which caused it to be unable to resolve conflicts and resort to hypnosis, intimidation or negotiations.



L4 Answer: Inference with PURPOSE
AUTHOR

AUDIENCE
MOTIVE (includes Evidence)

INTENDED OUTCOME


Student A:

In Source A, the cartoon was published by a British cartoonist (A), whose target audience is the League of Nations(A). The motive behind the cartoon is to mock the League of Nations’ ineffectiveness in its peace keeping methods (M). This is supported by the cartoon which shows the League being portrayed as a rabbit and international strife is drawn as the snake, meaning that the League has become a prey and since it is weak, it will be overpowered by international strife (the predator in the cartoon). The League, depicted as the rabbit has no chance of defeating a stronger force, international strife, thus showing that the League cannot fulfil its peacemaking role effectively. This is evident in the source which states that the rabbit, the League of Nations, “offensive equipment being practically nil”. Hence the League is depicted as not having an army as opposed to the international strife, which caused it to be unable to resolve conflicts and resort to hypnosis, intimidation or negotiations. Therefore, the cartoon serves to warn the League that in order to tackle international strife, they have to improve by building up their defense, as by doing so, the League will become more effective in international peacekeeping (I). (L4/6M)



Student B:

In Source A, the cartoon was published by a British magazine and its target audience is the League of Nations. The motive behind this cartoon was to warn the League of Nations that it would be powerless to stop international strife without an army. This is supported by the cartoon which shows the League being represented by a rabbit and international strife by a snake, meaning that the League is made to look weak and would fail badly should there be strife/conflict between nations due to a lack of offensive means against the snake, which was much more adept in attack. The League of Nations is portrayed as a rabbit in the face of a far stronger, more powerful and more threatening animal, which suggest that it would have no means of engaging in a physical battle with the snake due its limited physical capabilities. Therefore, the League of Nations would not have a military to step in and will not be powerful enough to counter strife between two nations. The rabbit also says that “it remains for me to fascinate him with the power of my eyes”. This implies that the rabbit’s sole method of dealing with the snake was nonphysical and did not involve force and similarly, the League could only impose sanctions, economic or otherwise, on countries that displayed aggression, but military force was not a viable option. Hence, this serves as a warning of the consequences of not having an army, and acts as a form of persuasion for the League to have its own military. (L4/6M)



Other motive;

To criticize the ineffectiveness of the League of Nations to hold off international strife


Other Intended Outcome:

League of Nations to step up and build up offensive equipment/defence mechanism so that they could be more effective





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