|Name ____________________________________ Class #_______ , Ch7, The Road to Revolution, 1763-1775
Checklist of Learning Objectives After mastering this chapter, you should be able to:
1. explain the long-term historical factors that moved America toward independence from Britain.
2. describe the theory and practice of mercantilism and explain why Americans resented it.
3. explain why Britain attempted tighter control and taxation of Americans after 1763 and why Americans resisted.
4. describe the major British efforts to impose taxes and tighten control of the colonies.
5. describe the methods of colonial resistance that forced repeal of all taxes except the tax on tea.
6. explain how sustained agitation and resistance to the tea tax led to the Intolerable Acts and the outbreak of war.
7. assess the balance of forces between the British and the American rebels as the two sides prepared for war.
True-False Where the statement is true, mark T. Where it is false, mark F, and correct it in the space immediately below.
_______ 1. America’s great distance from Britain helped the colonists gain a considerable degree freedom from British Control.
_______ 2. The theory of mercantilism was based on the idea that colonies existed primarily for economic benefit of the mother country.
_______ 3. British mercantilism forbade the importation of any non-British goods into the colonies.
_______ 4. In practice, British mercantilism provided the colonies with substantial benefits such as military protection and guaranteed markets for certain goods.
_______ 5. The purpose of Grenville’s Sugar Act, Quartering Act, and Stamp Act was to make colonists pay a portion of the high costs of maintaining British troops in America.
_______ 6. Americans generally accepted the right of Parliament to tax the colonies to provide money for defense but denied its right to legislate about matters affecting colonial affairs
_______ 7. When Americans cried “no taxation without representation,” what they first wanted was to be represented in the British Parliament.
_______ 8. The colonies finally forced repeal of the Stamp Act by organizing political protests and enforcing nonimportation agreements against British goods.
_______ 9. Colonial resistance to the Townshend Acts’ import taxes was even more violent and effective than resistance to the Stamp Act.
_______ 10. After the Boston Massacre, the British government pursued even harsher enforcement of the Townshend Acts.
_______ 11. Resistance to the tea tax was kept alive by the agitation of the Committees of Correspondence.
_______ 12. The colonists considered the Quebec Act especially oppressive because it appeared to extend the domain of Roman Catholicism.
______ 13. The First Continental Congress proclaimed that the colonies would declare independence from Britain unless their grievances were redressed.
_______ 14. One fundamental American asset in the impending war with Britain was a well-trained military forces of volunteers.
_______ 15. A key British advantage was that they did not have to defeat all the American forces but only fight to a draw in order to crush the Revolution.
Matching Historical Cause and Effect
Putting Things in Order. Put the following events in correct order by numbering them from 1 to 10.
_______ Britain attempts to gain revenue by a tax on papers and documents, creating a colonial uproar.
_______ Britain closes the port of Boston and opens the western frontier to Catholicism.
_______ Crispus Attucks leads a crowd in an attack on British troops, and eleven people are killed.
_______ Colonial Minute Men fire “the shot heard around the world” in the first battle of the Revolution.
_______ A British minister cleverly attempts to gain revenue and dampen colonial protest by imposing an import tax only on certain specialized products.
_______ A British agency is established with broad but generally ineffective power over colonial commerce.
_______ Samuel Adams and others organize revolutionary cells of communication and agitation across the colonies.
_______ Parliament repeals a direct tax in response to colonial protest but declares that it has the right to tax colonies.
_______ A band of “Indians” dumps the rich cargo of the British East India Company into Boston harbor, provoking a harsh British response.
_______ First acts are passed by Parliament to regulate colonial trade based on mercantilist principles.