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APW Industrialization Quiz
1. Which of the following explains why industrialization first occurred in Europe?

A)

Europe had an unchallenged economic advantage over all other regions by 1750.

B)

Europe possessed a unique capacity for technological innovation.

C)

European rulers fostered unusually close alliances with their merchant classes.

D)

Europe was the only region that had highly commercialized, market-based economies by 1750.

2. Which of the following reflects an explanation for Europe’s Industrial Revolution, which most historians criticize as Eurocentric and deterministic?

A)

Technological creativity outside of Europe had slowed down considerably or stagnated by the early modern era.

B)

Unique features of European society, economy, or history gave it a long-term advantage and head-start in industrializing.

C)

By the eighteenth century, the most advanced regions in the world enjoyed global economic parity.

D)

Industrial techniques spread quickly and unevenly around the world after 1750.

3. Which of the following arguments serves to counter the notion that European culture is inherently more suited to industry and technology?



A)

Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development.

B)

Non-European civilizations have made valuable contributions to world history in music and cuisine.

C)

Europeans today lag far behind the United States in terms of industry and technology.

D)

Europe’s early industrialization relied almost exclusively on slave labor from Africa.

5. Which of the following has been offered as an explanation for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize?



A)

Lack of coal deposits forced British industrialists to develop wind-based energy sources.

B)

British monarchs had absolute power and directed the country’s industrialization.

C)

A scarcity of workers in Britain led to technological innovations that increased efficiency.

D)

The Scientific Revolution in Great Britain fostered technological innovation.

6. In what way was the Industrial Revolution a global phenomenon by the end of the nineteenth century?



A)

Even regions that failed to industrialize were impacted by industrialization.

B)

Every country’s economy was based on manufacturing.

C)

Every country in the world had launched its own Industrial Revolution.

D)

The social transformations that accompanied Britain’s Industrial Revolution spread throughout the world.

7. In nineteenth-century Britain, women from the laboring classes found jobs as



A)

factory workers and domestic servants.

B)

teachers and secretaries.

C)

supervisors and managers.

D)

nurses and midwives.

9. Which of the following was a reason for the failure of socialism to take root in the United States?



A)

The absence of labor unions in the United States

B)

The lack of class consciousness among workers in the United States

C)

The higher standard of living enjoyed by most American workers

D)

The homogenous nature of the American population

11. Industrialization led to violent social revolution only in



A)

Britain.

B)

France.

C)

the United States.

D)

Russia.

12. How did contact with other civilizations contribute to Europe’s Industrial Revolution?



A)

It awakened a desire to keep all foreign influence out of Europe.

B)

It forced Europeans to acknowledge and overcome their backwardness.

C)

It enabled Europe to draw disproportionately on the world’s resources.

D)

It stimulated European states to industrialize in order to defend themselves from foreign invasion.

13. Which of the following arguments serves to counter the notion that European culture is inherently more suited to industry and technology?



A)

Until about 1750, core areas of Europe, India, and China enjoyed similar levels of economic development.

B)

Non-European civilizations have made valuable contributions to world history in music and cuisine.

C)

Europeans today lag far behind the United States in terms of industry and technology.

D)

Europe’s early industrialization relied almost exclusively on slave labor from Africa.

14. Which of the following has been offered as an explanation for why Britain was the first European country to industrialize?



A)

Lack of coal deposits forced British industrialists to develop wind-based energy sources.

B)

British monarchs had absolute power and directed the country’s industrialization.

C)

A scarcity of workers in Britain led to technological innovations that increased efficiency.

D)

The Scientific Revolution in Great Britain fostered technological innovation.

15. Which of the following accompanied industrialization wherever it occurred in the world?



A)

Nationalism

B)

Westernization

C)

Urbanization

D)

Revolution


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