Name 1 3 4 6 7 sn date Constitutional Convention Bullet Points Delegates to the Convention



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Constitutional Convention Bullet Points

Delegates to the Convention:

  • May 25, 1787 – 5 years after the Revolutionary War

  • 55 delegates, represented a new generation of American Leaders

  • George Washington – president of the Convention

James Madison: Very knowledgeable about history, politics, and commerce (is the exchange of goods and services from the point of production to the point of consumption to satisfy human wants). Often called the Father of the Constitution

Secret Debates: The Convention was kept secret from the public to allow them freedom of speech

Rival Plans: Virginia Plan vs. New Jersey Plan

Virginia Plan

New Jersey Plan

Strong National Govt.

Strong National Govt.

Legislative Branch – pass the laws

Legislative Branch – pass the laws

Executive Branch – carry out the laws

Executive Branch – carry out the laws

Judicial Branch – interprets the laws

Judicial Branch – interprets the laws

Legislative Branch – 2 houses

Legislative Branch – only 1 house

Representatives and their votes based upon states’ population (multiple votes)

1 representative for each state with 1 vote

Larger states favored this plan

Smaller states favored this plan



Great Compromise


Disagreements between large and small states

  • Creation of a 2 house legislature

  • House of Representatives – elected by popular vote (lower house) based upon a states’ population

  • Senate – 2 Senators from each state (upper house) chosen by state legislature

  • Great Compromise – each side gave up some demands to achieve unity




Three/Fifths Compromise


  • Would slaves be counted as part of the population when deciding on representatives and votes

  • Would the slave trade continue in the United States – purchasing of slaves coming into the United States (not the abolishment of slavery)

  • Southerners wanted to include slaves as part of the population

  • Slaves could not vote

  • If slaves counted the southern states would have more representatives in the House of Representatives

  • Northerners said if slaves could not vote, then they can’t be counted as part of the population

  • Compromise: 3 out of 5 slaves in any state would be counted as part of the population




The Slave Trade


  • Some northerner states banned the slave trade

  • Some delegates from the northerner states wanted slave trade banned everywhere

  • Southerner states stated it would ruin them financially and their economy

  • Compromise:

    • Congress cannot outlaw the slave trade for at least 20 years

    • This will give the southern states time to prepare for this change

    • After 20 years Congress could regulate the slave trade

    • Northerners agreed to not stop a fugitive slave from being returned to its owner

Signing the Constitution


  • Sept. 17, 1787 – the Constitution is ready to be signed almost 4 months after the convention began

  • 52 of the delegates signed the Constitution

  • 3 delegates refused to sign the Constitution claiming the national government had too much power

  • Each state is to hold a convention to approve or reject the plan for the new government

  • 9 states had to approve the new Constitution to be able to go into effect


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