Mussolini was successful in consolidating power because he used violence and intimidation effectively against his opposition who were too weak to stop him



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POINT –

Mussolini was successful in consolidating power because he used violence and intimidation effectively against his opposition who were too weak to stop him.

EVIDENCE 1 –



Black Shirts walked around parliament during important decisions, for example the vote on the Acerbo Law, threatening politicians who did not vote in support of the Fascists.

EXPLANATION 1 –



Because of the threat of violence, politicians supported Fascist policies.

EVIDENCE 2 –



When Matteoti, a political opponent of the Fascists, gave a speech protesting the Fascist violence, he was murdered. Politicians quit parliament in the Aventine Secession in an attempt to get Mussolini removed from power by the king, but this only showed the weakness of both the parliament and the king to stop Mussolini’s consolidation of power.

EXPLANATION –



The parliament, with Mussolini’s opposition now gone, provided Mussolini with even greater support. And the king, who was still more afraid of communism than fascism, refused to do anything to remove Mussolini from power or check his sometimes violent use of it.

LINK –


From the fact that violence helped Mussolini consolidate power and his opposition was weak in stopping it, we can see that both these elements contributed to Mussolini’s effectiveness in consolidating his power over Italy.

Other pieces of evidence that could use to develop different point and provide it with support:

July 1924 Press censorship – newspapers only could say what Fascists approved

Banning all meetings of opposition political parties

Secret police and special court for political crimes

Locally elected politicians were replaced with people chosen by the Fascists

People believed that Fascist violence was necessary to controlling the threat from communism

The king and the church believed that the alternative extreme, the growing support of communism, was far worse than the threat of fascism

The king was afraid that removing Mussolini during the Aventine Secession would cause a civil war

Lateran Agreements in 1929 gave the Catholic Church’s full support to the Fascists. Mussolini recognized the Vatican as an independent state and Catholic education was required throughout Italy’s schools


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