Multiple choice. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question



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Chapter 20 -22 Unit Test Urbanization, Imperialism, Progressivism, and WWI

Name___________________________________





MULTIPLE CHOICE. Choose the one alternative that best completes the statement or answers the question.

1)



The People's Party or Populists ran the strongest in the 1892 election in this area of the country

1)


_______

A)



Atlantic Coast Cities

B)



Pacific Coast.

C)



Upper South

D)



Great Plains and the West

E)



New England.


2)



Passage of the Pendleton Act in 1883 indicated

2)


_______

A)



The desire of voters to curb the power of political parties.

B)



Both parties recognized a need to professionalize government service and end the spoils system.

C)



Congressional concern over the chaos in the railroad industry.

D)



The success of a bipartisan effort to lower the tariff.

E)



Congress's desire to control big business.


3)



Discontented farmers aimed their harshest criticism against

3)


_______

A)



Legislators.

B)



Lawyers.

C)



Slaves.

D)



The courts.

E)



Railroads.


4)



The largest women's organization in the world in the late 19th Century was

4)


_______

A)



The National Women's Alliance.

B)



The Woman's Christian Temperance Union.

C)



The patrons of Husbandry.

D)



The Woman's League for Equal Rights.

E)



The National Organization for Women.


5)



George Pullman's creation of the town of Pullman, Illinois, was an example of

5)


_______

A)



A union shop.

B)



A socialist commune.

C)



A company town.

D)



How the democratic system protected the working class.

E)



The prototype of an American small town.


6)



The Social Gospel movement was largely guided by...(many members were)

6)


_______

A)



Catholic priests.

B)



Corporate Executives.

C)



Women.

D)



African-Americans.

E)



Party bosses.


7)



Those who advocated silver coinage were actually calling for

7)


_______

A)



Higher interest rates.

B)



Increasing overseas markets.

C)



Free money.

D)



Expansion of money in circulation.

E)



Reducing the amount of silver in circulation.


8)



Jim Crow laws were designed to increase

8)


_______

A)



Black voter registration in the South.

B)



Integration of the races.

C)



Racial segregation.

D)



Racial harmony.

E)



Limits on immigration.


9)



In Plessy v. Ferguson and Cumming v. Richmond County Board of Education, the Supreme Court upheld legislation that

9)


_______

A)



Effectively put off the question of segregation to be decided at a later date.

B)



Required the integration of public schools.

C)



Allowed poll taxes and literacy requirements for voting.

D)



Denied illegal immigrants the right to attend public schools.

E)



Formally segregated facilities including public transportation and schools.


10)



The growth of religious missionary activity in the 1890s most directly resulted in

10)


______

A)



closer cooperation between Protestants and Catholics

B)



increased American interest in foreign lands

C)



immediate American military intervention across the globe

D)



the weakening of commercial ties to the Far East

E)



none of the above


11)



In Cuba's Platt Amednement, the United States

11)


______

A)



Declared Cuba independent from Spain.

B)



Called for the right to intervene to protect its interests in Cuba.

C)



Allied with Cuban rebels against the Spanish imperialists.

D)



Utilized the Monroe Doctrine against Hawaii.

E)



Denied any intent of annexing the island.


12)



The acquisition of the Philippines by the United States

12)


______

A)



Ended the Philippine independence movement.

B)



Started a period of great progressive reform in the Philippines.

C)



Resulted in a four-year war of conquest by the Americans to pacify the Filipino people.

D)



Gave control of the government to a Filipino, Emilio Aguinaldo.

E)



Assured Philippine independence.


13)



Which one of these would NOT be in a Granger's list of "thieves in the night."

13)


______

A)



Big business

B)



Railroads.

C)



Labor unions.

D)



Farm equipment manufactures.

E)



Banks.


14)



In 1894 Jacob S. Coxey gathered an army. The members were

14)


______

A)



Demanding a public works program to create jobs.

B)



Women who were going to storm saloons to enforce prohibition.

C)



Part of Bellamy's concept of an industrial army.

D)



Amalgamated strikers who were planning to storm Carnegie Steel.

E)



Military men demanding new assignment.


15)



Which most led the U.S. to enter into the Spanish-American War...

15)


______

A)



Grave concern to protect and help the people of Cuba

B)



The explosion of the USS Maine and resulting "yellow journalism"

C)



Revenge on Spain for their actions during the War of 1812

D)



The attack of American trading vessels by the Spanish Armada

E)



A blend of imperialism, militarism, and nationalistic spirit.


16)



In general, progressives were

16)


______

A)



Applying the ideas of Social Darwinism as reforms.

B)



Revolutionaries who wanted to organize cells of soldiers.

C)



Optimistic about citizens improving socio-economic conditions.

D)



Pessimistic about the ability of people to reform.

E)



Anti-political, preferring to emphasize improving only individual character.


17)



Political machines were powerful because they were

17)


______

A)



In control of most national legislatures.

B)



Champions of immigration restrictions.

C)



Organized and delivered needed services, although sometimes very corruptly.

D)



Supported by the military.

E)



Crusaders against vice, greed, and bribery.


18)



Southern Progressives advocated the disfranchisement and segregation of African Americans because

18)


______

A)



They argued it would give white voters less actual influence.

B)



Progressives wanted protection from the Ku Klux Klan.

C)



They felt they couldn't win on the issue.

D)



Progressives shared the same racist views as many others in southern society.

E)



Disenfranchisement would allow poor whites to be upwardly mobile.


19)



When reformers investigated prostitution, they were distressed to learn that these working girls

19)


______

A)



Were from middle class, Protestant homes.

B)



Preferred prostitution to working in a factory.

C)



Were often underage American farm women.

D)



Were married women who wanted more income.

E)



Were expressing their independence.


20)



Many Progressive reformers believed that good goal for public education was to

20)


______

A)



Teach immigrant children many skilled trades.

B)



Prepare immigrant children for the best colleges.

C)



Create an aristocracy of the able.

D)



Assimilate new immigrants to their ideal of an "American" culture.

E)



Allow the poor and the rich to mingle in a democratic manner.


21)



New immigrants from 1900-1914 were MOST likely to be employed in

21)


______

A)



New "middle level" management and supervisor roles.

B)



Communications and Mass Media outfits.

C)



Government Officials.

D)



Low-paid backbreaking work in factories.

E)



Fishing and truck driving.


22)



As a result of the Triangle Shirtwaist Company fire, the following positive action was taken

22)


______

A)



Women received health care and paid vacations.

B)



Improvement of safety conditions and limiting working hours for women.

C)



Women were allowed to unionize.

D)



Women were allowed to remain home with their families.

E)



Women received large annual bonuses.


23)



Many businessmen supported prohibition because

23)


______

A)



A happy family life made a happy worker.

B)



Farmers would be more supportive of industrialists.

C)



Unruly immigrants would probably return to their homeland.

D)



Closing saloons would increase the productivity of the worker.

E)



Consumers would have more money to spend on consumer goods.


24)



Bohemian artists and intellectuals in the "Village" had a strong identification with, and want to assist...

24)


______

A)



Chinese Immigrants.

B)



Small town farmers.

C)



Politicians.

D)



Corporate Management.

E)



Labor (common workers).


25)



Margaret Sanger and other birth control advocates most wanted birth control because

25)


______

A)



Birth control would allow poor women to work longer hours.

B)



Lower the birth rate among immigrants.

C)



They wanted to advance sexual freedom for middle-class women and to protect poor working women.

D)



Birth control would expand child laborer opportunities.

E)



Birth control would curtail the birth explosion that was common in the era.


26)



Booker T. Washington's message to progressive African Americans was to focus on

26)


______

A)



Completely isolated communities.

B)



Getting a traditional, high-level college education.

C)



Forming separate trade unions.

D)



Economic improvement by learning skilled trades and self-reliance.

E)



Obtaining political and civil rights through aggresive action.


27)



W.E.B. Du Bois represented the first effort to encourage African Americans to recognize

27)


______

A)



African American culture is a source of communal strength and should be preserved.

B)



African Americans should seek to sublimate their culture to white culture.

C)



African Americans should remain in the South.

D)



African Americans should return to Africa.

E)



African Americans should only strive for manual work.


28)



Theodore Roosevelt gave them the label "muckrakers." They were

28)


______

A)



The corrupt political bosses in the big city machines.

B)



Pessimists who did not accept the progressive idea of reform.

C)



Women who wanted more radical things than suffrage reform.

D)



The poorest workers who cleaned sewage in the cities.

E)



Journalists who exposed details of social and political evils.


29)



President Theodore Roosevelt's support for trustbusting, the Hepburn Act, and the Pure Food and Drug Act reflected his beliefs in

29)


______

A)



Free enterprise for business.

B)



An economy based on a small competitive business model.

C)



Keeping government out of big business.

D)



The ability of big business to reform itself.

E)



Regulating big business.


30)



Lillian Wald was to Henry House as THIS person was to Hull House

30)


______

A)



Mary Brewster.

B)



Jane Addams

C)



Robert LaFollette.

D)



John Peter Altgeld.

E)



Florence Kelley.


31)



All of the following are attributed to Theodore Roosevelt EXCEPT

31)


______

A)



Big Stick diplomacy.

B)



Acquisition of the Panama Canal.

C)



Being a young, energetic outdoor enthusiast.

D)



The Fourteen Points.

E)



McKinley's vice-president originally.


32)



The progressive diplomacy of Presidents Roosevelt, Taft and Wilson

32)


______

A)



Stressed the civil rights of the people in all nations.

B)



Aimed to keep intrusive American businesses out of other countries.

C)



Stressed a moral God-given role for the United States that often ignored the sovereignty of other nations.

D)



Always followed the principle of national self-determination for other countries.

E)



Favored commercial expansion and avoided any military involvement whatsoever.


33)



Wilson's effort to manage the Mexican Revolution and protect U.S. interests in Mexico resulted in

33)


______

A)



A cooperation between the nations that culminated in NAFTA.

B)



An era of good feelings between the nations.

C)



Pancho Villa's resignation from the Mexican Parliament.

D)



A formally declared war between Mexico and the U.S that lasted for years.

E)



A legacy of suspicion and mistrust between the two nations.


34)



Off the following, the greatest barrier to true U.S. neutrality in World War I was

34)


______

A)



economic ties to The Allies, especially Britain.

B)



U.S. citizens' undivided support for England.

C)



a strong commitment to the ideals of the Central Powers.

D)



a huge pacifist (peace) movement in the U.S.

E)



a desire by American arms manufacturers to sell to all sides.


35)



The Zimmermann note was a coded message proposing an alliance between Germany and

35)


______

A)



Italy.

B)


Canada.

C)


France.

D)


Mexico.

E)


Russia.


36)



In asking for a declaration of war against Germany, Wilson listed reasons including first and foremost; "making the world safe for...

36)


______

A)



Shipping.

B)



Democracy.

C)



America.

D)



Our Children.

E)



Free trade.


37)



Many progressives viewed WWI in a positive manner and believed the war would assist the U.S. in that

37)


______

A)



The war would bring more understanding of Europe.

B)



The war would help Asia.

C)



Broader democracy would be achieved.

D)



The war would further concentrate wealth.

E)



The war would result in world peace.


38)



Feminist Carrie Chapman Catt supported women working in the war service because she believed ultimately this would give women

38)


______

A)



Social respect.

B)



Increases in wages after the war.

C)



The ability to prohibit Alcohol.

D)



Suffrage.

E)



Employment opportunities.


39)



The following best describes the military experience for African American soldiers

39)


______

A)



Equal status with the white soldiers.

B)



Their first taste of political equality.

C)



Segregation, racism, and violence.

D)



A truly democratic experience.

E)



Hard work but fair treatment.


40)



Which one of the following was NOT an institution that grew stronger during and after World War I?

40)


______

A)



Industrial Workers of the World.

B)



Ford Motor Company.

C)



Federal Reserve Board.

D)



The Food Administration.

E)



American Federation of Labor.


41)



The most important and long-lasting economic legacy of WWI was

41)


______

A)



The reduction of government beauracracy.

B)



Implementation of a government-corporate partnership.

C)



The breakup of the largest corporations.

D)



An increase in small family owned businesses.

E)



A destroyed industrial base because of battles.


42)



Two amendments were added to the Constitution in the post-World War era. The 18th Amendment provided for ________ and the 19th for ________

42)


______

A)



Income Tax/ Presidential term limit.

B)



Prohibition/income tax.

C)



Prohibition/woman's suffrage.

D)



Women's suffrage/African-American suffrage.

E)



Income tax/women's suffrage.


43)



The following governmental tools were used during WWI to destroy radical labor unions such as the IWW

43)


______

A)



Drafting radical labor leaders into the military.

B)



The Espionage act.

C)



The National Labor Relation Control Act.

D)



Encouraging radical union leaders to join more respectable unions.

E)



Increasing wages for all labor and thereby removing the need for unions.


44)



The following was the greatest challenge to national public health (caused the most deaths)

44)


______

A)



Malaria.

B)



Smallpox.

C)



Measles.

D)



Influenza epidemic of 1918-19.

E)



Venereal disease.


45)



The Supreme Court Cases of Schenck v. the United States, Debs v. United States, and Abrams v. United States, all upheld

45)


______

A)



The draft laws of the government during World War I.

B)



Wartime restrictions on free speech.

C)



Local cases which failed to convict World War I vigilantes.

D)



The declaring of martial law.

E)



Restrictions on union organizing during World War I.


46)



Which one of the following was NOT one of the Fourteen Points of President Wilson?

46)


______

A)



Restrictions on trade.

B)



Open treaties and covenants rather than secret alliances.

C)



Independence and self-determination for nationalities.

D)



Reduced armies and weapons caches.

E)



The setting of postwar boundaries.


47)



Woodrow Wilson responded to the Bolshevik seizure of power in Russia by

47)


______

A)



Adopting a "wait and see" attitude.

B)



Invading Russia in concert with Britain and France.

C)



Ignoring Russian claims at the Paris peace conference.

D)



Denying Russia a vote in the new League of Nations.

E)



Granting the Bolsheviks diplomatic recognition.


48)



The most controversial (in America) of Wilson's Fourteen Points would be his idea of

48)


______

A)



National self-determination.

B)



A League of Nations.

C)



War guilt for Germany.

D)



International government.

E)



Free trade.


49)



In the ratification debate on the Versailles Treaty, Senator Lodge and his supporters focused on

49)


______

A)



Opposing entry into the war in the first place.

B)



Congressional authority to declare war if the U.S. was in the League.

C)



Mechanisms for the preservation of civil rights in Europe.

D)



Fighting all versions of the treaty.

E)



Isolationism as the best position for American security in the postwar world.


50)



The Red Scare was most associated with...

50)


______

A)



Anti-Wilson elections in 1920.

B)



Fear of a reoccurance of the influenza epidemic.

C)



A backlash to the relaxing attitudes toward birth control.

D)



Restrictions on products and food for the American public during the WWI era.

E)



Persecution of suspected socialists and other radicals in the postwar U.S.


1)



C

2)



B

3)



E

4)



B

5)



C

6)



C

7)



D

8)



C

9)



E

10)



B

11)



B

12)



C

13)



C

14)



A

15)



B

16)



C

17)



C

18)



D

19)



B

20)



D

21)



D

22)



B

23)



C

24)



E

25)



C

26)



D

27)



A

28)



E

29)



E

30)



A

31)



D

32)



C

33)



E

34)



A

35)



D

36)



B

37)



C

38)



D

39)



C

40)



A

41)



B

42)



C

43)



B

44)



D

45)



B

46)



A

47)



B

48)



B

49)



B

50)



E


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