Mr. Mendoza Name: apwh date: Prd: Ch. 11 & 13 The Americas & Tropical Africa

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Mr. Mendoza Name: __________________________________________

APWH Date: _______________________ Prd: ______________
Ch. 11 & 13 The Americas & Tropical Africa
F. Facts (2 pts.)

  1. _______________________________________ System of knotted cords used by Andean peoples to transmit info.

  1. _______________________________________ Raised fields constructed by Aztecs along lake shores for agricultural production

  1. _______________________________________ Andean labor system based on work on behalf of the ruler and religious organizations

  1. _______________________________________ System where defeated peoples were forced to pay a tax in the form of goods or labor. These payments of food, cloth and other goods help fund the development of large cities

  1. _______________________________________ Andean kin/family based community

  1. _______________________________________ Mesoamerican civilization whose contributions include mathematics, astronomy, and the calendar

  1. _______________________________________ Capital city of the Incan Empire

  1. _______________________________________ Powerful city-state in central Mexico

  1. _______________________________________ Known as the Mexica, create a powerful empire in central Mexico

  1. _______________________________________ Largest and most powerful Andean Empire

  1. _______________________________________ MesoAmerican civilization who were skilled in mathematics, astronomy and developed a calendar

Multiple Choice (2 pts.)


  1. __________ At its height, how large was the Incan Empire? (You may use the image above to assist you)

    1. It stretched from Chile to what is today Panama

    2. It stretched from Chile to northern Ecuador

    3. It stretched from Argentina to Brazil

    4. It stretched from Colombia to Peru

  1. __________ The Aztec civilization’s militaristic tone and use of human sacrifice was based on the earlier culture of the

    1. Inca

    2. Maya

    3. Toltec

    4. Khazars

  1. __________ Why are many societies of the Americas considered unusual?

    1. Their form of governance was not based on hierarchies but on equality before the law and democracy

    2. They reached an advanced state of civilization without developing systems of writing

    3. Women acted as warriors

    4. They all spoke the same language, Spanish

machu picchu-1

  1. __________ The image above is associated with the

    1. Maya

    2. Toltec

    3. Aztec

    4. Inca

  1. __________ Which of the following staple crops became the most important food crop in the Americas before 1500 CE?

    1. Maize

    2. Manioc

    3. Wheat

    4. Squash

Base your answer to question 17 on the reading below and your knowledge of this time period

… At Tenochtitlan, the Aztecs perfected an unusual method of farming. They built huge rafts, covered them with earth, and floated them on the lake. On these chinampas, or “floating islands,”they grew enough maize and vegetables to feed their expanding population comfortably. Eventually, roots from the tree rafts attached themselves to the bottom of the shallow lake to become permanent foundations for buildings…

  1. __________ Which conclusion is best supported by the information in this passage?

    1. The Aztecs terraced the land

    2. Large plantations provided food for the markets

    3. The Aztecs were limited to subsistence farming

    4. Environmental adaptation aided economic development


  1. __________ The example of human sacrifice depicted above is most likely attributed to which of the following?

    1. Maya

    2. Aztec

    3. Inca

    4. Moche


  1. __________ The image of Chichen Itza above is an example of the technological and religious contributions of the

    1. Maya

    2. Aztec

    3. Inca

    4. Olmec

  1. ___________ Inca & Aztec societies were similar in that both

    1. Developed from Mayan civilization

    2. Acquired empires by means of military conquest

    3. Independently developed iron technology

    4. Depended entirely on oral record keeping

  1. ___________ Aztec rule was based on

    1. Primogeniture (hereditary)

    2. A council of aristocrats selecting new rulers

    3. Matrilineal heritage

    4. 2 nobles competing in combat with the winner becoming the leader

  1. __________ The Maya “long count” calendar is most likely

    1. One they adopted from the Inca

    2. Associated with their understanding of their creation

    3. Linked to planting and harvesting cycles

    4. The one they used for religious observances

  1. __________ Besides enslaving captives, the Aztecs also

    1. Allowed for the assimilation of conquered peoples

    2. Developed a tribute system to increase food supply & trade goods

    3. Allowed captives to barter for their freedom

    4. Sent food to nearby political dependencies as a humanitarian gesture 

  1. __________ The Aztec is the official mascot of which California university?

    1. UCLA

    2. San Diego State

    3. USC

    4. Cal State Los Angeles

  1. __________ The Inca, unlike the native groups of MesoAmerica& Mexico

    1. Practiced human sacrifice

    2. Were pastoralists (farmers)

    3. Did not have an army

    4. Had no nobility or political hierarchy


  1. __________ Which was true of Maya writing?

    1. It was identical to the system used in ancient Egypt

    2. It was derived from the system used by the Olmec

    3. It was used for telling stores about creation

    4. It was a form of hieroglyphic writing that included whole words, concepts, phonetic clues, and syllables

  1. __________ Andean civilizations

    1. Undertook large-scale irrigation projects & built terraces to control erosion

    2. Practiced polytheism, whereas the Aztecs did not

    3. Never adopted the practice of any divine mandate of rule

    4. Intermarried and developed a clan-based culture

  1. __________ In MesoAmerica, the Maya & the Aztec civilizations were similar in that they

    1. Showed little evidence of urbanization

    2. Lacked a strong central government

    3. Developed complex mathematical & calendar systems

    4. Used military weapons superior to those of the Europeans

  1. __________ A study of the Mayas, Aztecs & Incas would show that these ancient American civilizations

    1. Produced few cultural achievements

    2. Lived at peace with their neighbors

    3. Welcomed new technology brought by European explorers

    4. Rivaled the accomplishments of early Middle Eastern cultures

  1. __________ A study of the Mayas, Aztecs & Incas would show that these ancient American civilizations

    1. Developed advanced and complex societies before the arrival of the Europeans

    2. Established extensive trade with Pacific Rim nations

    3. Were strongly influenced by their contact with Asian & African peoples

    4. Were relatively large, but not well organized

Base your answer to question 31 on the illustration below and your knowledge of this era in history.

  1. __________ Which element of civilization is most clearly shown in this Maya artwork?

    1. Urbanization

    2. A system of education

    3. A code of laws

    4. Social classes

Base your answer to question 32 on the drawing below and on your knowledge of this era of history.

  1. __________ What does this drawing indicate about the Inca civilization?

    1. Religious influence on architecture

    2. Cooperation & planning in agriculture

    3. Superior military technology used for defense

    4. Role of government during a natural disaster

  1. ___________ A major agricultural advancement of the Incas was the

    1. Domestication of cattle

    2. Use of a steel plow

    3. Terracing of mountains for farming

    4. Development of floating gardens

Base your answer to question 34 on the map below and on your knowledge of social studies.

  1. ___________Which title best describes this map?

    1. MesoAmerican Cultural Areas

    2. South American Urban Areas

    3. Creation of the Spanish Viceroyalties

    4. Outposts of the Inca Empire

  1. ___________ A major agricultural advancement of the Aztecs was the

    1. Domestication of cattle

    2. Use of the steel plow

    3. Terracing of mountains for farming

    4. Development of floating gardens

  1. ___________ One way the Incas adapted their environment was by

    1. Building a network of roads through the mountains

    2. Growing rice as a major agricultural product

    3. Establishing the encomienda system

    4. Creating floating gardens

Matching (2 pts.)

  1. __________ Moctezuma II A. God of War/later associated with the sun

  1. __________ Hernan Cortes B. Spanish conqueror of the Aztec Empire

  1. __________ Quetzalcoatl C. The feathered serpent god

  1. __________ Huizilopochtli D. Aztec leader/ruler

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