Thomas Jefferson Memorial
With a memorable form reminiscent of the famous Pantheon in Italy, the memorial to the third president took only nine years to complete and was dedicated in 1943. Architect John Russell Pope incorporated one of Jefferson’s favorite design elements, the rotunda, into the memorial design. Jefferson stands proudly at 19 feet tall under the rotunda surrounded by engraved passages from the Declaration of Independence and other famous works by the president.
Franklin Delano Roosevelt Memorial
The FDR Memorial consists of four “rooms” arranged chronologically to represent the 32nd president’s unprecedented four terms in office. Spanning 7 1/2 acres, the memorial defies FDR’s request for a modest tribute; he asked that the memorial not be any larger than his desk. Acknowledging FDR’s own physical difficulties, his memorial was the first Washington, DC memorial to be totally wheelchair accessible. Dedicated in 1997, the memorial, however, did not originally feature any renderings of the president in his wheelchair. FDR did not wish to be portrayed in his wheelchair, and designers honored this request. In 2001, in response to petitions from people with and without disabilities, a statue of FDR in his wheelchair was placed at the entrance of the memorial. The memorial also includes a statue of Eleanor Roosevelt—the only monumental tribute to a first lady—standing in front of the United Nations emblem, recognizing her role in the creation of that organization, as well as a small statue of the beloved First Dog, Fala.
Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial
August 28, 2011, the 48th anniversary of the groundbreaking March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom witnessed the dedication of the Martin Luther King, Jr. Memorial. It is fitting that on this date, reminiscent of the defining moment in Dr. King's leadership in the Civil Rights movement; in the form of solid granite, his legacy is further cemented in the tapestry of the American experience. His leadership in the drive for realization of the freedoms and liberties laid down in the foundation of the United States of America for all of its citizens, without regard to race, color, or creed is what introduced this young southern clergyman to the nation. The delivery of his message of love and tolerance through the means of his powerful gift of speech and eloquent writings inspire to this day, those who yearn for a gentler, kinder world . His inspiration broke the boundaries of intolerance and even national borders, as he became a symbol, recognized worldwide of the quest for civil rights of the citizens of the world.
The Washington Monument
The Washington Monument is the most prominent structure in Washington, D.C. The 555-foot, 5-1/8" marble obelisk honors the nation's founding father George Washington, who led the Continental Army to victory, and then became the nation's first president under the Constitution. Tickets are required to visit the interior of the Washington Monument; click on "Plan Your Visit" to learn more.
Korean War Veterans Memorial
Dedicated in 1995 on the 42nd anniversary of the armistice that ended the war, the Korean War Veterans Memorial features a polished wall engraved with the faces of 25,000 soldiers, nurses, chaplains, and even a dog, honoring those who served. The 164-foot mural is also engraved with the words “Freedom is Not Free." A bronze sculpture group of platoon soldiers inching through a field forms the focal point of the memorial. Sculptor Frank Gaylord created the 19 statues of the soldiers, whose moving, weary expressions reflect the harsh circumstances of the war. The polished granite wall reflects the images of the soldiers and doubles the platoon’s size to 38— a metaphor for the 38th parallel, the border between North and South Korea.
Vietnam Veterans Memorial
Often referred to as the “Wall,” the Vietnam Veterans Memorial honors the American soldiers who were killed during the war, were prisoners of war, and who remain missing in action. More than 58,000 names are etched into the V-shaped black granite wall. Visitors are encouraged to make rubbings of names, using graphite pencils and commemorative paper supplied by park rangers. The names are listed in chronological order from 1959 to 1975, and are listed alphabetically on each day of action. Beside each name, a symbol denotes the status of the soldier: diamonds mark those who were killed in action, crosses denote those who are missing or classified as prisoners of war. Look for the Three Servicemen statue nearby.
World War II Memorial:
One of Washington, DC’s newest memorials, the National World War II Memorial pays tribute to the 16 million Americans who served in uniform, the more than 400,000 who lost their lives, and the millions more who sacrificed on the home front. Dedicated in 2004, it features two 43-foot arches, a 17-foot pillar for each state and territory from that era, and a field of more than 4,000 gold stars, one in honor of each 100 American killed or missing in the war.
Arlington National Cemetery
Fort McHenry National Monument
Surprising facts: http://architecture.about.com/od/usa/tp/WhiteHouseFacts.htm
Labor history: http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2008/12/10/eveningnews/main4661606.shtml
For more than two hundred years, each president has left a unique mark on the grounds of the White House.
United States Capitol
What are the dimensions of the Capitol Building?
The U.S. Capitol’s length, from north to south, is 751 feet 4 inches; its greatest width is 350 feet. Its height above the base line on the east front to the top of the Statue of Freedom is 288 feet.
What material is the Capitol made of?
The original building, completed in 1826, was made of brick clad in sandstone. The north and south wings and connecting corridors added in the mid 19th century and the replica of the East Front constructed in the 20th century are made of brick clad in marble; the dome is made of 8,909,200 pounds of cast iron
When was the U.S. Capitol built?
Construction of the U.S. Capitol began in 1793 and has been "completed" several times. The original building was finished in 1826. The growth of the Congress compelled its expansion in the middle of the 19th century; the extensions and new dome were finished in 1868. An addition to the east front in 1958-1962 added more rooms to the Capitol. The restoration of the west front and terraces and the in-filling of courtyards, was completed in 1993. The most recent, and largest ever, addition to the Capitol, the Capitol Visitor Center, was completed in 2008.
Virtual tour: http://www.capitol.gov/
VP residence: http://www.whitehouse.gov/about/vp-residence
Antietam National Battlefield
Facts & resources: http://www.civilwar.org/battlefields/antietam.html?tab=facts
Harpers Ferry National Park