NATIONAL TORTILLA CHIP DAY Printer Friendly Version (WordPad RTF)
303 AD, ROMAN EMPEROR DIOCLETIAN, influenced by his co-emperor GALERIUS VALERIUS MAXIMIANUS, issued the first-recorded edict ordering the destruction of all CHRISTIAN churches and scriptures.
1525, in the ITALIAN WARS, the IMPERIAL army of HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR-ELECT CHARLES V defeated the FRENCH army of KING FRANCIS I at the
1530, the POPE crowned HOLY ROMAN EMPEROR CHARLES V -- on the latter's 30th birthday.
1541, PEDRO DE VALVIDIA founded SANTIAGO, CHILE.
1582, POPE GREGORY XIII issued a PAPAL BULL (INTER GRAVISSIMAS) commanding all ROMAN CATHOLIC countries to instigate a new yearly calendar. The day after OCTOBER 4TH would become OCTOBER 15TH.
1653, NEW YORK'S first city hall opened in a tavern.
1711, GEORGE FRIDERICHHANDEL'S opera, "RINALDO", premiered in LONDON.
1803, the SUPREME COURT in "MARBURY V. MADISON" declared itself the final constitutional arbitrator.
1804, LONDON'S DRURY LANE THEATRE burned to the ground.
1815, ROBERT FULTON, the man who pioneered the steamboat, died at 50.
1821, MEXICO declared its independence from SPAIN.
1831, signing the "TREATY OF DANCING RABBIT CREEK", the CHOCTAWS cede all their land east of the MISSISSIPPI river for payment and land in the WEST.
1839, WILLIAM OTIS received a patent for his steam shovel.
1848, FRENCH KING LOUIS PHILIPPE abdicated as FRANCE declared its second republic.
1863, CONGRESS established the ARIZONA TERRITORY.
1868, with a vote of 126-47, the HOUSE OF REPRESENTATIVES impeached PRESIDENT ANDREW JOHNSON. In MAY, the SENATE acquitted him by one vote. The same day at its MARDI GRAS celebration, MOBILE, ALABAMA, introduced the first parade floats in the UNITED STATES.
1876, HENRIK IBSEN'S "PEER GYNT" premiered in OSLO, NORWAY.
1890, CHICAGO was selected as the site of the COLUMBIAN EXPOSITION in 1893.
1902, the BOERS defeated the BRITISH at the "BATTLE OF YZER SPRUIT".
1909, eight DETROIT businessman founded the HUDSON MOTOR CAR COMPANY. 1917, the intercepted "ZIMMERMAN TELEGRAM", originally sent to the GERMAN minister in MEXICO on JANUARY 19TH, revealed that GERMANY was seeking MEXICAN help, against the UNITED STATES in WORLD WAR II.
1918, ESTONIA declared its independence from RUSSIA.
1920, in MUNICH, GERMANY, the NATIONAL SOCIALIST PARTY (NAZIS) held its first meeting at HOFBRAUHAUS.
1923, the express passenger locomotive, "THE FLYING SCOTSMAN", went into service in ENGLAND.
1924, GREECE declared itself a republic.
1925, "HIS MASTER'S VOICE" was registered as a trade mark.
1934, to no avail, the LEAGUE OF NATIONS ordered JAPAN out of MANCHURIA.
1937, LOU GEHRIG screen tested for the role of "TARZAN".
1940, singer FRANCES LANGFORD recorded "WHEN YOU WISH UPON A STAR".
1942, the VOICE OF AMERICA broadcast in GERMAN its first program.
1943, in baseball, the TEXAS LEAGUE stopped play for the remainder of WORLD WAR II.
1945, EGYPT and SYRIA declared war on GERMANY.
1946, with 56 percent of the vote, JUAN PERÓN was elected president of ARGENTINA.
1948, the COMMUNIST PARTY seized complete control of CZECHOSLOVAKIA.
1951, in MILAN, ITALY, DICK BUTTON won the WORLD MEN'S FIGURE SKATING CHAMPIONSHIP.
1953, QUEEN ELIZABETH II knighted SIR WINSTON CHURCHILL.
1955, the COLE PORTER musical, "SILK STOCKINGS", starring DON AMECHE and HILDEGARDE NEFF, opened at the IMPERIAL THEATRE in NEW YORK for a run of 478 performances.
1956, due to the rock-and-roll craze, CLEVELAND invoked a 1931 ordinance that banned public dancing by unchaperoned minors.
1965, the BEACH BOYS recorded "HELP ME, RHONDA" for CAPITOL RECORDS.
1968, U-S troops recaptured HUE in VIETNAM.
1969, NASA launched the spacecraft "MARINER SIX" -- for a flyby of MARS.
1971, JANIS JOPLIN'S album, "PEARL" ("MERCEDES BENZ"), received it gold certification.
1973, DECCA RECORDS released DOBIE GRAY'S single, "DRIFT AWAY".
1974, PAKISTAN formally recognized BANGLADESH.
1976, the RIAA certified its first platinum album, "THE EAGLES' GREATEST HITS" ("WITCHY WOMAN").
1978, "THE SECOND BARRY MANILOW SPECIAL" ("MANDY") aired on ABC-TV with guest-star RAY CHARLES ("CRYING TIME").
1979, in STAMFORD, TEXAS, a pig sold for a record $42,500. The same day, the SEX PISTOLS released their album, "THE GREAT ROCK N' ROLL SWINDLE" ("SILLY THING"). 1980, the UNITED STATES hockey team won an OLYMPIC gold medal at LAKE PLACID, NEW YORK, defeating FINLAND, 4-2.
1981, in BRITAIN, PRINCE CHARLES announced his engagement to LADY DIANA SPENCER.
Also in 1981, a jury convicted JEAN HARRIS for the murder of the SCARSDALE DIET doctor, HERMAN TARNOWER.
1982, at the 24TH GRAMMY® AWARDS, "BETTE DAVIS EYES" by KIM CARNES won the "RECORD OF THE YEAR" GRAMMY®.
1986, TEXAS AIR purchased EASTERN AIRLINES for $676-million.
1987, PAUL SIMON'S "GRACELAND" won the "ALBUM OF THE YEAR" GRAMMY®. The same day, talk-show host LARRY KING suffered a heart attack; and in the NBA, the LOS ANGELES LAKERS' KAREEM ABDUL-JABBAR scored his 36,000th career point.
1988, at BERLIN'S DEUTSCHE OPERA, singer LUCIANO PAVAROTTI ("LA DONNA MOBILE") took 165 curtain calls, over a period of more than an hour. The same day, the U-S SUPREME COURT ruled, unanimously, that LARRY FLYNT'S "HUSTLER" magazine did not slander JERRY FALWELL in its parody of the preacher. 1989, IRAN'S AYATOLLAH KHOMEINI offered a $3-million dollar bounty on the head of SALMAN RUSHDIE -- author of "THE SATANIC VERSES".
1990, singer JOHNNIE RAY ("CRY") died at 61 in LOS ANGELES. The same day, baseball-player TONY CONIGLIARO died at 45.
1991, in the GULF WAR, the UNITED STATES launched its first full day of ground assaults against IRAQI forces. The same day, comedian GEORGE GOBEL died at 71 in SOUTHERN CALIFORNIA; and game-show host JOHN DALY died at 77 in CHEVY CHASE, MARYLAND.
1992, rock-singer KURT COBAIN of the rock-group NIRVANA ("COME AS YOU ARE") married actress-musician COURTNEY LOVE.
1993, ERIC CLAPTON won "RECORD OF THE YEAR" and "SONG OF THE YEAR" GRAMMYS® for "TEARS IN HEAVEN" -- a musical tribute to his son.
1994, singer-actress DINAH SHORE ("BLUES IN THE NIGHT") died at 76 in LOS ANGELES.
1996, at the SCREEN ACTORS GUILD AWARDS, "APOLLO 13" won "OUTSTANDING PERFORMANCE BY A CAST IN A MOTION PICTURE". The same day, off the coast of HAVANA, CUBAN fighters downed two small aircraft, belonging to an exile group from MIAMI.
1998, BRITISH QUEEN ELIZABETH II formally knighted singer ELTON JOHN ("I'M STILL STANDING"). The same day, standup-comedian HENNY YOUNGMAN died at 91 in FLUSHING, NEW YORK.
1999, when the SERBIAN government refused to sign a KOSOVO peace agreement, AMERICAN and NATO planes began bombing military sights in KOSOVO and SERBIA. The same day, singer LAURYN HILL ("SWEETEST THING") won five GRAMMYS -- then a record for a woman.
2002, the WINTER OLYMPIC GAMES in SALT LAKE CITY ended. The same day, musician ARTHUR LYMAN ("YELLOW BIRD") died at 69 in HONOLULU, HAWAII.
2003, CMT broadcast an entire day of SHANIA TWAIN songs ("FROM THIS MORNING ON").
2004, bandleader ALVINO REY ("I SAID NO") died at 95 in DRAPER, UTAH.
2006, actor DON KNOTTS, always remembered as "BARNEY FIFE", died at 81 in LOS ANGELES. The same day, SOUTH DAKOTA passed legislation banning almost all abortions; and actor DENNIS WEAVER died at 81 in RIDGWAY, COLORADO.
2007, JAPAN, stepped up its monitoring of NORTH KOREA'S hostile activities; launching its fourth "spy" satellite.
2008, after nearly a half century in power, strongman FIDEL CASTRO retired as PRESIDENT OF CUBA.
2011, NASA launched the SPACE SHUTTLE "DISCOVERY (OV-103)" on its final mission.
2012, ALLIANCE FILMS released the action-film "ACT OF VALOR", starring ACTIVE NAVY SEALS.