Module 1 Christianity, Judaism, Islam 02)



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Segment 1 Study Guide Notes (Modules 1-4)

You may use this on your exam!! J Please answer the questions, or fill in the missing information. This will help you be successful on your exam!!! J J J

Module 1

Christianity, Judaism, Islam (1.02)

Similarities:

Differences:
The Spread of Islam (1.03):

How was it spread?

Who spread Islam first, and how?

Where did it spread to at FIRST?

Where did it spread to the SECOND major spread?

How did Islam get to India, and who got it there?



Creation of Byzantine Empire (1.05):

Who set up the first Holy Roman Empire capital in the East? What was it called? What was the name of the new Empire eventually created?

What religion did Constantine convert to?

What disputes did the Byzantine Emperor and the Pope in the west have?

The Great Schism: The issue over unleavened bread, and the power of the Pope. The Great Schism split Christianity into two branches:

Collapse of Byzantine Empire (1.07):

Collapse:

What happened with the army?

What did the Latin Crusaders do?

What issues came about with trade?

Who launched an attack on Constantinople? What happened? Why is Constantinople so important?

The New Empire:

What new Empire came about?

What religion did the new empire practice?

What were their goals? Who was in charge?



Module 2

Medieval Hierarchy (2.01)

What is feudalism?

What is the difference between a Noble and a Peasant?



Medieval Rulers and Religion (2.02)

Clovis:


Charlemagne:

Otto I:


William the Conqueror, Duke of Normandy:

The Viking Threat

Who were the Vikings, and what did they do?



The Medieval Church

What were monasteries known for?

What did Monks, and Nuns do for the people?

What is scholasticism?



The Crusades (2.03)

In 1095 when Pope Urban called the first Crusades, what did he want them to do?

What were the Crusades?

Why is the 1st Crusade noteworthy?

What notable act did Saladin have?

What benefits did the Crusades have although they were not successful?



Medieval Arts and Literature (2.04)

Art:


Literature:

Architecture:

Music:

Changes in Medieval European Economy and Guilds (2.05)

How did the economic system change in Europe during the High Middle Ages?

What is urbanization?

What is a merchant or craft guild?



What did this guild system do for those in poverty?



Developing National Identities (2.06)

Feudalism started to unravel throughout Europe and larger kingdoms came about. Describe the changes for these kingdoms:

France:

England:


Spain:

Medieval Japan (2.07)

What did they borrow from the Chinese?

What is a Samurai?

What is isolationism? Why did Japan practice this?



Module 3

West African Kingdoms (3.01 Ghana, Mali, Songhai)

Social:


Political:

Religion:

Intellectual:

Technological:

Economic:

Downfall of each:



Big Picture Africa (3.02)

What did overpopulation cause?

What religion did northern Africa begin to practice? Why?

Early Mesoamerican Civilizations (3.03)

These cultures greatly influenced other cultures at first:

What is a mother culture, and a sister culture?

Maya, Inca, Aztec (3.04, and 3.05)

Maya:


Inca:

Aztec:


Module 4

Science, Rebirth, and Plagues (4.01)

What is a pandemic?

What is a developing nation? Why are pandemics worse there?

What was the Bubonic plague?

How did the plague spread?

Italian City States (4.02)

Was Italy unified?

Venice:

Rome and Florence:



Naples:

The Renaissance (4.03)

What does the Renaissance stand for? And what is Humanism?

What did Humanists believe?

What did humanism allow?

Why did Humanists use classic works?

The Reformation & Counter- Reformation (4.04)

Why did the Church become reformed? What were the calls for reform called?

Who were the leaders of the reform?

What is the Protestant reform Counter Reformation?



Exploration and Discovery (4.05 and 4.06)

Why, and who?

What did France focus on?

What did England focus on?

What did Spain focus on?

What were the major effects?



Slavery (4.07)

Why was there a desire for slaves?

Where did slaves come from?

How did the slaves travel?



YOU WILL TOTALLY ROCK THIS EXAM!! J J GREAT JOB FINISHING YOUR STUDY GUIDE!! J


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