French Communist Party(1919) – While living in France he formally joins the French Communist Party
French Alias – Nguyen O Phap (Nguyen who hates the French)
Writings – Wrote numerous articles and papers blasting France and how their colonial rule destroyed Vietnam politically, economically, and socially
Paris Peace Conference to end WWI (1918 – 1919): Ho Chi Minh asked for Vietnam to be represented in France’s parliament.
Soviet Union (1923 – 1935)
Meeting With Bolsheviks(1923) – Met Stalin and Trotsky, but failed to meet Lenin because of his death.
Key Teaching – Any revolution could not be separated from the fight against colonialism and a revolution must never begin until all conditions favor its success.
China (1925 – 1927)
Translator – Served as a translator for the Bolsheiviks were backing Chiang Kai-Shek who originally allied himself with the Chinese communist party after he gained control of China when Sun Yat-sen died and left the country to him.
East Asia and Southeast Asia (1927 – 1930) – Traveled throughout East and Southeast Asia preaching Communist ideas and recruited many followers. They all met at a soccer game in Hong Kong (English Land) in an attempt to be secretive and officially formed the Vietnamese Communist Party.
Arrested(1930) – France had been keeping an eye on him after he bashed France in newspapers while living in France and tracked him to Hong Kong where they persuaded the English, who owned Hong Kong at the time, to arrest him.
Hospital(1930) – Upon his arrest he was seen as having TB and sent to a prison hospital in Singapore.
Fake Death(1933) – Friends at the prison hospital allowed him to escape and said he died instead, therefore causing the French to think he was dead and no longer worry about him carrying Communism to their colony of Vietnam.
Soviet Union (1934)
Returns to Vietnam (1941)
Original Owner of Vietnam = China:
Chinese Translation – Viet = “tribe of barbarians”, Nam = “south”
French Indochina: 1847 – 1954
French: 1887 – 1940
Japanese: (1940 – 1945) – Given to Japan by Germany after the formation of Vichy France.
French: (1945 – 1954) – Given back to France after WWII.
Potsdam Conference (1945): “The Split”
Split – Vietnam was split at the 17th parallel.
Why – To disarm the Japanese in Vietnam.
China – Chinese Nationalists under the leadership of Chiang Kai-Shek will move in and disarm the Japanese north of the 17th parallel.
United Kingdom – Will move in and disarm the Japanese south of the 17th parallel.
Vietnam Power Struggle: 1946 – 1947
China Leaves – After disarming the Japanese the Chinese leave Vietnam in 1946 and the French and Vietnamese argue for control of the area.