Modern French History
BLOCH, Marc. The Historian’s Craft, trans. by Peter Putnam (New York: Knopf, 1953).
BRAUDEL, Ferdinand. On History, trans. by Sarah Matthews (Chicago: University of Chicago
BURKE, Peter. The French Historical Revolution: The Annales School 1929-89 (Stanford:
Stanford University Press, 1990).
de CERTEAU, Michel. “The Historiographical Operation,” in The Writing of History (New
York: Columbia University Press, 1988).
________. “Making History: Problems of Method and Problems of Meaning,” in The Writing
of History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1988).
DOSSE, Francois. New History in France: The Triumph of the Annales.
GILDEA, Robert. The Past in French History (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1994).
GOLDSTEIN, Jan. “The Future of French History in the United States: Unapocalyptic Thoughts
for the New Millennium,” in French Historical Studies 24, no. 1 (2001): 1-10.
PERROT, Michelle, ed. Histoire des femmes est-elle possible? (Oxford: Blackwell, 1992).
SCOTT, Joan Wallach. “Gender: A Useful Category of Historical Analysis,” in Gender and the
Politics of History (New York: Columbia University Press, 1999).
*WRIGHT, Gordon. France in Modern Times.
The French Revolution
AGULHON, Maurice. Marianne into Battle: Republican Imagery and Symbolism in France,
1780-1880, trans. by Janet Lloyd (Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, 1981).this belongs in the next section
BAKER, Keith Michael. Inventing the French Revolution.
BLANNING, T. C. W. The Origins of the French Revolutionary Wars (London; New York:
Longman, 1986).not crucial
*BLUM, Carol. Rousseau and the Republic of Virtue: The Language of Politics in the French
Revolution (Ithaca: Cornell University Press, 1986).
BROWN, Howard G. War, Revolution, and the Bureaucratic State: Politics and Army
Administration in France, 1791-1799 (Oxford: Clarendon Press, 1995).
CHARTIER, Roger. The cultural Origins of the French Revolution.
FURET, Francois. Interpreting the French Revolution.
GASPAR, David Barry / GEGGUS, David Patrick. A Turbulent Time: The French Revolution
and the Greater Caribbean (Bloomington: Indiana University Press, 1997).
HUNT, Lynn. Politics, Culture and Class in the French Revolution (Berkeley: University of
California Press, 1988).
LEFEBVRE, Georges. The Coming of the French Revolution.
LUCAS, Colin. “Nobles, Bourgeois, and the Origins of the French Revolution,” in Past and
Present 60 (August 1973).
*MAYER, Arno J. The Furies: Violence and Terror in the French and Russian Revolutions
(Princeton: Princeton University Press, 2000).
RUDE, George. The Crowd in the French Revolution.
SEWELL, William. “Le Citoyen / La Citoyenne: Activity, Passivity, and the Revolutionary
Concept of Citizenship,” in The French Revolution and the Creation of the Modern
Political Culture, ed. by Colin Lucas.
SOBOUL, Albert. The Sans-Culottes (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1980).
*de TOCQUEVILLE, Alexis. The Old Regime and the French Revolution, trans. by Stuart
Making the French Nation, from the Revolution to the Third Republic
AGULHON, Maurice. The Republican Experiment, 1848-1852.
*CLAYSON, Hollis. “Claustrophobia: La Ville Lumière Goes Dark,” in Art and Everyday Life
Under Siege, 1870-71 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press).
*________. “The Food Crisis,” in Art and Everyday Life under Siege, 1870-71 (Chicago:
University of Chicago Press).
*CONSTANT, Benjamin. “The Liberty of the Ancients compared with that of the Moderns,” in
Political Writings, ed. by B. Fontana.
*COUSIN, Victor. “Speech on the Proposal to Reorganize the Medical Profession,” in Readings
in Western Civilization, vol. 8, ed. by J. Goldstein and J. Boyer.
JARDIN, André / TUDESQ, André-Jean. Restoration and Reaction, 1815-1848.
*MARGADANT, Jo Burr. “Gender, Vice, and the Political Imaginary in Postrevolutionary
France: Reinterpreting the Failure of the July Monarchy, 1830-1848,” in American
Historical Review 104 (1999): 1461-96.
*MARX, Karl. The Eighteenth Brumaire of Louis Bonaparte.
PLESSIS, Alain. The Rise and Fall of the Second Empire, 1852-1871.
REDDY, William M. The Invisible Code: Honor and Sentiment in Postrevolutionary France,
1814-1848 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1997). You could not read this if you had to.
*TONE, John L. The Fatal Knot: The Guerilla War in Navarre and the Defeat of Napoleon in
Spain (Chapel Hill: University of North Carolina Press, 1994).
*ZELDIN, Theodore, “Bonapartism,” in Politics and Anger.
Making the French Nation, the Third Republic
*BIRNBAUM, Pierre. The Anti-Semitic Moment: A Tour of France in 1898.
CORBIN, Alain. The Village of Cannibals: Rage and Murder in France, 1870, trans. by
Arthur Goldhammer (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1992). A very good book but like Reddy could go.
FORD, Caroline. Creating the Nation in Provincial France: Religion and Political Identity in
Brittany (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1993).
*GOLDSTEIN, Jan. “The Hysteria of Diagnosis and the Politics of Anticlericalism in Late
Nineteenth-Century France,” in Journal of Modern History 54 (1982): 209-39.
*HAYWARD, J. E. S. “The Official Social Philosophy of the French Third Republic: Léon
Bourgeois and Soldarism,” in International Review of Social History 6 (1961): 19-48.
MAYEUR, Jean-Marie / REBÉRIOUX, Madeleine. The Third Republic from its Origins to the
MCPHEE, Peter. A Social History of France, 1780-1880.
MILNER, John. Art, War, and Revolution in France, 1870-1871: Myth, Reportage, and Reality
(New Haven: Yale University Press, 2000).
NORD, Philip. The Republican Moment: The Struggle for Democracy in Nineteenth-Century
France (Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1995).
*OFFEN, Karen. “Depopulation, Nationalism, and Feminism in Fin-de-Siècle France,” in
American Historical Review 89 (1984): 648-76.
SCHAFER, Sylvia. Children in Moral Danger and the Problem of Government in Third Republic
France (Princeton: Princeton University Press, 1997).
TAITHE, Bertrand. Citizenship and Wars: France in Turmoil, 1870-1871 (London, New York:
*________. Defeated Flesh: Medicine, Welfare, and Warfare in the Making of Modern France
(Lanham; Boulder; New York: Rowman and Littlefield, 1999).
TOMBS, Robert. The War against Paris, 1871 (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University
*WEBER, Eugen. Peasants into Frenchmen: The Modernization of Rural France, 1870-1914
(Stanford: Stanford University Press, 1976).
Making the French Nation, from the First World War to the present day
AGULHON, Maurice. The French Republic, 1879-1992.
BLOCH, Marc. Strange Defeat: A Statement of Evidence Written in 1940 (New York: Norton,
1999). This is a great book, but it’s a bit lonely here.
LARKIN, Maurice. France since the Popular Front: Government and People, 1936-1984.
France and her Colonies
AUGUST, Thomas G. The Selling of the Empire: British and French Imperialist Propaganda,
1890-1940 (Westport: Greenwood Press, 1985).
BETTS, Raymond. Assimilation and Association in French Colonial Theory (New York:
Columbia University Press, 1961).
CONKLIN, Alice. A Mission to Civilize: The Republican Idea of Empire in France and West
LORCIN, Patricia. Imperial Identities: Stereotyping, Prejudice, and Race in Colonial Algeria
(New York: I. B. Tauris Publishers, 1995).
PROCHASKA, David. Making Algeria French: Colonialism in Bône, 1870-1920 (New York:
Cambridge University Press, 1990).
French Identities: National, Religious, Cultural, and Gendered
AUSLANDER, Leora. “Bavarian Crucifixes and French Headscarves,” in Cultural Dynamics
12, no. 3 (2000): 283-309.
*BRUBAKER, Roger. Citizenship and Nationhood in France and Germany.
GIBSON, Ralph. A Social History of French Catholicism: 1789-1914 (London: Routledge,
KUISEL, Richard F. Seducing the French: The Dilemma of Americanization (Berkeley; Los
Angeles: University of California Press, 1993).
*LANGOIS, Claude. “Catholics and Seculars,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux de Mémoire, vol.
3, ed. by Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).
*LEBOVICS, Herman. True France: The Wars over Cultural Identity, 1900-1945.
NOIRIEL, Gérard. The French Melting Pot: Immigration, Citizenship and National Identity
(Minneapolis: University of Minnesota Press, 1996).
*POMIAN, Krzystof. “Gauls and Franks,” in Realms of Memory: Rethinking the French Past,
vol. 1, ed. by Pierre Nora, trans. by Lawrence D. Kritzman (New York: Columbia
University Press, 1996), 27-78.
ROBERTS, Mary Louise. Civilization without Sexes: Reconstructing Gender in Postwar France,
1917-1927 (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1994).
SAHLINS, Peter. The Making of France and Spain in the Pyrenees.
*SCOTT, Joan Wallach. Only Paradoxes to Offer: French Feminists and the Rights of Man
(Cambridge, Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1996).
Memory in France
AGULHON, Maurice. “Paris: A Traversal from East to West,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux
de Mémoire, vol. 3, ed. by Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001),
AMALVI, Christian. “Bastille Day: From Dies Irae to Holiday,” in Rethinking France: Les
Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 3, ed. by Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
BECKER, Annette. War and Faith: The Religious Imagination in France, 1914-1930 (Oxford:
BIRNBAUM, Pierre. “Grégoire, Dreyfus, Drancy, and the Rue Copernic: Jews at the Heart of
French History,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 3, ed. by Pierre Nora
(Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001).
FREMONT, Armand. “The Land,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 2, ed. by
Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001), 3-36.
*FRITZSCHE, Peter. “Chateaubriand’s Ruins: Loss and Memory after the French Revolution,” in
History and Memory 10 (1998): 102-17.
________. “Specters of History: On Nostalgia, Exile and Modernity,” in American Historical
Review 106, no. 5 (December 2001): 1587-618.
GILDEA, Robert. “The Resistance Myth, the Pétainist Myth, and Other Voices,” in
Remembering and Representing the Experience of War in Twentieth-Century France:
Committing to Memory, ed. by Debra Kelly (Lewiston, NY; Queenstown, ON.; Edwin
Mellen Press, 2000), 27-48.
GILLES, Kepel. Les banlieues de l’islam: Naissance d’une réligion en France, épreuve des faits (Paris: Editions de Seuil, 1987). This doesn’t belong here
GUIOMAR, Jean-Yves. “Vidal de la Blache’s Geography of France,” in Rethinking France: Les
Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 2, ed. by Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press,
HOUSE, Jim / MACMASTER, Neil. “Une Journee Portée Disparue: The Paris Massacre of 1961
and Memory,” in Crisis and Renewal in France, 1918-1962, ed. by Kenneth Moure and
Martin S. Alexander (New York: Berg, 2002).
LAGROU, Pieter. The Legacy of Nazi Occupation: Patriotic Memory and National Recovery in
Western Europe, 1945-1965 (Cambridge; New York: Cambridge University Press, 1999).
MILO, Daniel. “Street Names,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 2, ed. by
Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001), 363-390.
*NORA, Pierre. “Between Memory and History: Les Lieux de Mémoire,” in Representations 26
(Spring 1989): 7-25.
________. “Lavisse, the Nation’s Teacher,” in Rethinking France: Les Lieux de Mémoire, vol. 2,
ed. by Pierre Nora (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 2001), 151-186.
________. “The Era of Commemorations,” in Realms of Memory, European Perspectives, vol. 3,
ed. by Pierre Nora (New York: Columbia University Press, 1996).
PROST, Antoine. “The Algerian War in French Collective Memory,” in Republican Identities in
War and Peace: Representations of France in the Nineteenth and Twentieth Centuries
(New York: Berg, 2002).
ROUSSO, Henry. The Vichy Syndrome: History and Memory in France since 1944 (Cambridge,
Mass.: Harvard University Press, 1991).
SHERMAN, Daniel J. The Construction of Memory in Interwar France (Chicago; London:
University of Chicago Press, 1999).
WOOD, Nancy. “Remembering the Jews of Algeria,” in Vectors of Memory: Legacies of
Trauma in Postwar Europe (Oxford: Berg, 1999).
The French Economy: Labor and Industrialization
ACCAMPO, Elinor. Industrialization, Family Life, and Class Relations: Saint Chamond,
1815-1914 (Berkeley: University of California Press, 1989).
GOULD, Roger. Insurgent Identities: Class, Community and Protest in Paris from 1848 to the
Commune (Chicago: University of Chicago Press, 1995).
PRICE, Roger. An Economic History of Modern France, 1730-1914.
*REDDY, William. “Need and Honor in Balzac’s Père Goriot: Reflections on a Vision of
Laissez-Faire Society, in The Culture of the Market: Historical Essays, ed. by T. Haskell
and R. Teichgraeber.
*ROEHL, Richard. “French Industrialization: A Reconsideration,” in Explorations in Economic
History 13 (1976): 233-81.
*SEWELL, William. Work and Revolution in France: The Language of Labor from the Old
Regime to 1848 (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 1980).
Consumption, advertising, and mass culture
BAUDRILLARD, Jean. The Consumer Society.
CROSSICK, Geoffrey / JAUMAIN, Serge, eds. Cathedrals of Consumptions: The European
Department Store, 1850-1939.
FURLOUGH, Ellen. “French Consumer Cooperation, 1885-1930: From the ‘Third Pillar’ of
Socialism to ‘A Movement for All Consumers’,” in Consumers Against Capitalism?, ed.
by Ellen Furlough and Carl Strikwerda.
________. “Selling the American Way in Interwar France: Prix Uniques and the Salons des Arts
Menagers,” in Journal of Social History 26, no. 3 (Spring 1993): 491-519.
de GRAZIA, Victoria. “Changing Consumption Regimes in Europe, 1930-1970: Comparative
Perspectives on the Distribution Problem,” in Getting and Spending, ed. by Susan
Strasser, Charles McGovern, and Matthias Judt.
*________. “Mass Culture and Sovereignty: The American Challenge to European
Cinemas, 1920-1960,” in Journal of Modern History 61 (March 1989): 53-87.
GREENHALGH, Paul. Ephemeral Vistas: The Expositions Universalles, Great Exhibitions, and
World’s Fairs, 1851-1939.
HARP, Stephen L. Marketing Michelin: Advertising and Cultural Identity in Twentieth-Century
PEER, Shanny. France on Display: Peasants, Provincials, and Folklore in the 1937 Paris
ROSS, Kristen. Fast Cars, Clean Bodies.
SANDERS, Paul. Histoire du marché noir, 1940-1946.
TAYLOR, Lynn. “The Black Market in Occupied France, 1940-1944,” in Contemporary
European History 6, no. 2 (July 1997): 153-76.
ASH, Juliet / WILSON, Elizabeth. Chic Thrills: A Fashion Reader. Don’t bother with this now.
COFFIN, Judith G. The Politics of Women’s Work: The Paris Garment Trades, 1750-1915.
GREEN, Nancy L. Ready-to-Wear and Ready-to-Work: A Century of Industry and Immigrants
In Paris and New York.
________. The Pletzl of Paris: Jewish Immigrant Workers in the “Belle Epoque.”
GUENTHER, Irene. Nazi “chic”?: Fashioning Women in the Third Reich. Nor this
HOLLANDER, Anne. Seeing Through Clothes.
*VEILLON, Dominique. Fashion under the Occupation, trans. by Miriam Kochan.
*AUSLANDER, Leora. “‘Jewish Taste’? Jews and the Aesthetics of everyday Life in Paris and
Berlin, 1933-1942,” in Histories of Leisure, ed. by Rudy Koshar.
________. “Remembered Homes: The Work of Memory in Postwar Paris.”
*AUSLANDER, Leora / HOLT, Tom. “Sambo in Paris: Race and Racism in the Iconography of
Everyday Life,” in The Color of Liberty: Histories of Race in France, ed. by Susan
Peabody and Tyler Stovall.
BENJAMIN, Walter. “Paris, Capital of the Nineteenth-Century.”
BUCK-MORSS, Susan. The Dialectics of Seeing: Walter Benjamin and the Arcades Project.
de CERTEAU, Michel. The Practice of Everyday Life.
LEFEBVRE, Henri. Everyday Life in the Modern World.
PEREC, Georges. Life, a User’s Manual, trans. by David Bellos.
POWER, Anne. Hovels to High Rise: State Housing in Europe since 1850, part. 1.
RABINOW, Paul. French Modern: Norms and Forms of the Social Environment (Cambridge,
Mass.: MIT Press, 1989).
*STOVALL, Tyler. “From Red Belt to Black Belt: Race, Class, and Urban Marginality in
Twentieth-Century Pars,” in The Color of Liberty: Histories of Race in France, ed. by
Susan Peabody and Tyler Stovall.