136. Both colonies in South Africa and India saw
a) Western-educated natives develop strategies for independence
b) a brutal caste system destroy society
c) Muslim rule triumph over Christianity
d) the exploitation of indegenous societies for the mining of diamonds
e) apartheid laws created to separate racial groups
137. Which of the following is not an accurate statement regarding Egypt in the 19th century?
a) Muhammad Ali industrialized Egypt enabling it to gain autonomy from the Ottoman Empire
b) Egypt eventually had to pay debts to Great Britain by allowing them to control the Suez Canal
c) Britain wanted to control the Suez Canal to expedite trade with India
d) Egypt's government essentially became a puppet government having to answer to Egypt
e) though Egypt didn't control the Suez Canal, they were given a share of ownership in the Panama Canal
138. Which of the following was not a negative effect of African imperialism in Africa
a) arbitrary borders created by European powers would be the cause of many of the 20th century conflicts in Europe
b) natural resources leave region benefitting Europe
c) slave trade continues on West Coast, but is discontinued on the Swahili Coast
d) fostered pattern of violence to obtain political control
e) impeded the development of diverse economies
139. Which of the following does not accurately depict European relations with Africa?
a) upon initial contact, Europeans made consistent effort to colonize the interior regions
b) Africa became the center of the slave trade
c) resources such as gold, ivory and timber were plundered
d) naval bases and outposts were established
e) coastal ports used as stopping points for merchants on way to India and China
140. Which of the following does not accurately describe South Africa?
a) British arrived first and set up trading post
b) Dutch Afrikaners/Boers eventually moved inland which created conflict with Zulus
c) African National Congress made up of Enlightened thinkers who wanted independence
d) Shaka Zulu was nicknamed the "Black Napoleon"
e) discovery of diamonds and gold encouraged mass immigration
141. What was the term given to the downfall of the Ottoman Empire?
a) the Eastern Debacle
b) the Eastern Question
c) the Middle Eastern Quandary
d) the Return of the Jedi
e) the Emancipation of Mimi
142. Why wasn't the Ottoman Empire overthrown?
a) Europe wanted to keep it held together because it was predictable and relatively stable
b) European military inferior to that of Ottomans
c) Geographical boundaries prevented invasion
d) Balkan states unite to create formidable foe
e) region had already implemented radical reforms
143. In what ways were the African colonies different from the Indian colonies?
a) both colonies solely controlled by British
b) boundary lines determined without concern for local population
c) infrastructure not brought to major cities
d) both colonies saw violence between indigenous groups
e) by 1900 India controlled by one nation whereas Africa controlled by many
144. Which of the following was not a reflection of Japan's rapid industrialization?
a) ability to beat Russia in Russo-Japanese War
b) ability to fend off economic threat of Europe
c) ability to beat China in Sino-Japanese War
d) ability to beat Vietnam in Indochina-Japanese War
e) Japan becomes first non-Western nation in centuries to create new empire
145. Which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the Ottoman Empire?
a) mediocre rulers
b) janissary support for reform
c) conservative religious leaders concerned about change
d) Ottoman Empire too large to control border regions
e) growing threat of European imperialism
146. Which of the following occurred due to US imperialism?
a) America develops a sphere of influence around South America with Eisenhower Doctrine
b) America encouraged Panamian revolt to gain control of Suez Canal
c) US becomes world power with annexation of Guam, Puerto Rico and Cuba
d) America used British navy to support
e) America becomes isolated and refuses to ever send troops to foreign countries
147. The Congress of Vienna
a) kept relative peace in Europe for a century
b) created radical changes in the governmental structure of Europe
c) was led by Frenchmen Rousseau
d) created France and British as dominant nations
e) occurred in Germany
148. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nationalism
a) drove the Japanese to industrialize quickly
b) drove Europeans to compete with each other for imperial holdings
c) drove Chinese peasants to attempt to preserve Manchu dynasty
d) drove Egyptians to revolt against control of Ottoman Empire
e) drove colonial resistance by Indians, Chinese and Africans