Modern Era 1750-1914 Take-Home Exam Please have integrity while working on your test Honor Code

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97. Because of the Meiji Restoration
a) meritocracy became the sole reason for career advancement

b) middle class influence reverts to pre-Tokugawa era

c) the lower class gained access to education and could now serve in military

d) population decreased due to restrictions on birth rates

e) the civil service exam was abolished
98. A woman who subscribed to the "cult of true womanhood" would
a) contradict her husband if she knew the correct course of action

b) utilize her free time to champion reform movements

c) was free to explore her sexuality

d) be able to fight in the military if properly trained

e) be comfortable staying at home to care for her husband
99. During the early phases of women's reform movements
a) women were granted the right to vote

b) women struggled to improve divorce laws

c) women discouraged temperance

d) women ignored the slavery issue due to the existence of abolitionists

e) Eastern Europe saw the greatest social advances
100. By 1900, the dominant method of economic organization was
a) laissez faire, free market capitalism

b) mercantilism

c) communism

d) barter

e) Euromonetaryfundism
101. All of the following are true about the Industrial Revolution except
a) the lower class usually benefits in the early phases, but suffers later on

b) the overall increase in prosperity of peoples across the social scale

c) some nations adopted Western techniques, some chose to ignore Westernization

d) prospered in nations that believed in the "invisible hand" of supply and demand

e) led to pessimistic analytical pieces by Thomas Malthus and David Ricardo
102. A group of reformers who created societies that would create happiness through thoughtful planning and regulation were
a) utopian socialists

b) Marxists

c) Communists

d) Jacobin Club

e) women suffragettes
103. By 1914
a) 88% of the world was controlled by Europeans

b) Japan had failed to create an industrialized nation that could defeat a Western powe

c) alliances had been avoided by all major Western European powers to avoid future conflict

d) the United States of America played a minimal role in Latin American affairs

e) Italy and Germany divided into a series of city-states

104. By 1900
a) governments across Europe dealt with the issue of how to maintain peace while giving power to the people through an elected body

b) trade unions had yet to successfully motivate employers to listen to workers' demands

c) the upper class was drawn to radical ideas that encouraged a redistribution of wealth

d) Ottoman Empire had been losing control of its provinces for centuries

e) arbitrary rule of dictators begins to outweigh written law
105. Labor unions were
a) initially supported by the government

b) at first illegal and union members risked injury for participation

c) for higher wages, better working conditions and more hours

d) never targeted by communist and socialist organizations for membership

e) prominent in Russia and Japan
106. Which of the following was not a Western cultural attitude?
a) increasing nationalist movements

b) pursuing greater access to public education

c) avoidance of secular worldview

d) studying the mind is a science

e) materialistm
107. The new artistic trends of the late 19th century did all of the following except
a) refused to deal with the hardships of everyday life

b) began depicting abstract images

c) rejected the emotion and passion of Romanticism

d) defied artistic conventions

e) analyzed the inner behavior and motivations of characters in literature
108. Which of the following relationships was not an example of economic imperialism?
a) dependence of Central America on foreign loans

b) control of Hawaiian sugar and pineapple harvests by the United States

c) European control of the pace of Japanese industrialization

d) Latin America's trade imbalance with Europe

e) the United State's influence on Cuban plantations
109. Which of the following was not a cause of imperialism and colonialism?
a) need to maintain bases and coal stations around the world

b) decreasing populations forced European nations to seek outside labor

c) new weaponry gave Europe a military advantage

d) medical advances allowed Europeans to enter continents without fear of malaria and yellow fever

e) belief in racial superiority of the Europeans

110. Which of the following best represents the European notions of racial superiority?
a) Rudyard Kipling's epic novel "White Man's Burden"

b) Social Darwinists who believed those technologically and culturally advanced should conquer those less-developed

c) Other cultures were vibrant and their traditions should be kept intact

d) native religions should not be impeded and missionary work should be avoided

e) Cecil Rhodes belief that Europe should colonize and conquer Latin America because Europeans are the "finest race in the world"
111. Which of the following does not accurately reflect how European nations controlled their colonies?
a) the British and Belgians allowed their holdings to maintain political autonomy

b) the Portuguese were quite harsh in their treatment of natives

c) Italy resorted to poison gas in trying to control Northern Africa

d) the French tried to civilize and convert natives through their "la mission civilisatrice"

e) the British introduced positive social reforms and helped create infrastructure
112. Which of the following was not an Indian product desired by Europeans?
a) porcelain

b) tea

c) sugar

d) salt

e) textiles
113. In India, the French were defeated by
a) the Belgian military

b) the Mughal empire

c) the British East India Company

d) janissaries

e) colonial officers
114. Which best explains the British East India Company's ability to govern India
a) size of corporation

b) ability to work with local rulers and manipulate regional divisions

c) Indian desire to be ruled by outsiders

d) centralized authority ruled from London

e) British hesitancy to put down insurrections that might harm regional power
115. The Sepoy Mutiny
a) started because a rumor spread that British soldiers used pork and beef fat for soap

b) started because the sepoys were not able to fight overseas

c) was initiated in the name of Siddharta Guatama

d) saw unparalled cooperation between Muslims and Hindus

e) led to 300 million Indian subjects being put under the crown authority of England

116. Which of the following was not a characteristic of British rule of India?
a) all castes exposed to British education

b) spread of Christianity

c) building of roads and canals

d) raw materials flowed out of India and manufactured goods flowed back in

e) rate of urbanization increased
117. India
a) made Britain the preeminent colonial power in the world

b) was forever altered socially and politically

c) saw its profits from raw materials sent back to England

d) saw its local businesses threatened by British products

e) all of the above
118. British rule
a) outlawed sati but allowed the ritual assassination of travellers

b) reduced the level of conflict between Hindus and Muslims

c) discontinued the civil service exam

d) created a system where peasants were given land by local zanzibars

e) all of the above
119. Which of the following does not accurately reflect European influence in Southeast Asia?
a) France created the colonies of Vietnam, Cambodia and Laos

b) Indonesia was controlled by the Dutch East India Company

c) Bristish influenced Malaya and the island Singapore

d) the Philippines was ruled for most of the 19th century by Spain

e) part of Indonesia was controlled by Portugal
120. Thailand was one of the few Asian regions to remain free of colonial rule because
a) the King of Siam had an affair with a beautiful teacher from England

b) both England and France essentially agreed to keep the region as a buffer zone between their empires

c) Thailand industrialized making it a formidable military foe

d) natural resources of region not desired by Europe

e) rapid spread of malaria made region inhospitable
121. Which of the following was not a reason the United States annexed the Phillippines?
a) fear that the recently liberated island nation would fall into Chinese hands

b) White Man's Burden

c) President McKinley believed it was his religious obligation to bring Christianity to the heathens

d) naval base in Pacific

e) navy already in region due to victory over Spain in Spanish-American War
122. Napoleon referred to China as a "sleeping dragon" because
a) it would be a formidable foe once its resources and population were utilized efficiently

b) its military devestated surrounding regions

c) he was defeated by Chinese soldiers in Egypt in 1797

d) calling it an awake dragon would sound kind of awkward

e) the nation had an unfair trade balance with Europe because no European nation wanted Chinese goods

123. The product that eventually opened China to European trade was
a) opium

b) porcelain

c) tea

d) timber

e) silver
124. Which of the following was not a reason China was unable to push back European influence?
a) expensive cost of securing borders drained treasury

b) population growth was not being matched by food harvests

c) corrupt government officials

d) Europe hadn't traded with China for over three hundred years

e) string of incompetent leaders
125. Which of the following is not a reason the Manchu Emperor of China outlawed the Opium Trade in 1839?
a) decrease in productivity resulting from addiction

b) unfair trade balance

c) decline in Chinese values

d) fear of ever increasing influence of the West

e) workers too effective because opium heightens the senses and makes a human able to work for 27 hours straight without a break
126. When the Christian missionaries returned to China in 1844
a) they forced the nation to adopt Christian doctrine

b) they refused to teach English and Western culture to the Chinese

c) shared technological advances of the West

d) allowed footbinding if the shoes were red

e) they only negatively affected the region
127. China's relationship with Europe can best be described as
a) extraterritorial

b) colonial

c) mercantilistic

d) trading partner

e) alliance
128. The Taiping Rebellion
a) was the second deadliest war in world history

b) resulted from peasants frustrated by taxes and arbitrary rule

c) was a reaction to foreign rule

d) was eventually put down with assistance from the United States

e) all of the above
129. China's Open Door policy
a) opened China to trade with any nation

b) was initiated due to a humiliating military defeat to the Japanese

c) saw foreign nations invest in business, communication and transporation systems

d) started after Commodore Perry proved the US's naval superiority

e) all of the above

130. In China, the guerilla war against expatriates and missionaries is known as the
a) Boxer Rebellion

b) White Lotus Rebellion

c) Taiping Rebelling

d) Manchu Expulsion

e) all of the above
131. The primary European partition of Africa occurred between
a) 1750 and 1780

b) 1780 and 1810

c) 1810 and 1840

d) 1840 and 1880

e) 1880 and 1910
132. Following the Berlin Conference
a) Europe began creating national boundaries in Africa based on regional issues

b) Europe began a mad scramble to divide up the African continent

c) Ethiopia and Liberia fell under control of Italy and Germany respectively

d) European powes realized the notion of White Man's Burden was a bit condescending

e) Arabs and Christians united to push Italy out of Ethiopia
133. Africa was able to be colonized in the 19th century because
a) the region was mapped and transporation innovations allowed for exploration of interior regions

b) Africa asked for assistance in industrializing

c) Europe's vast population overwhelmed Africa

d) Europe had created one grand alliance bent on taking over the world

e) all of the above
134. In response to the European advancement into the European continent
a) the Ashanti Kingdom used their purchased weapons to fight the Europeans

b) the Zulu kingdom showed some early success against the British

c) some African leaders work with the Europeans to create a mutually beneficial trading relationship

d) the Ashanti Kingdom increased in power as neighboring regions plunged into war

e) all of the above
135. The Boer War
a) saw the native Boers fight the Dutch and British

b) resulted as the Dutch moved into Zulu controlled land

c) eventually put all of South Africa under control of the Dutch

d) resulted in 47 billion casualties

e) resulted in the creation of Cape Town - a naval base and port city

136. Both colonies in South Africa and India saw
a) Western-educated natives develop strategies for independence

b) a brutal caste system destroy society

c) Muslim rule triumph over Christianity

d) the exploitation of indegenous societies for the mining of diamonds

e) apartheid laws created to separate racial groups
137. Which of the following is not an accurate statement regarding Egypt in the 19th century?
a) Muhammad Ali industrialized Egypt enabling it to gain autonomy from the Ottoman Empire

b) Egypt eventually had to pay debts to Great Britain by allowing them to control the Suez Canal

c) Britain wanted to control the Suez Canal to expedite trade with India

d) Egypt's government essentially became a puppet government having to answer to Egypt

e) though Egypt didn't control the Suez Canal, they were given a share of ownership in the Panama Canal
138. Which of the following was not a negative effect of African imperialism in Africa
a) arbitrary borders created by European powers would be the cause of many of the 20th century conflicts in Europe

b) natural resources leave region benefitting Europe

c) slave trade continues on West Coast, but is discontinued on the Swahili Coast

d) fostered pattern of violence to obtain political control

e) impeded the development of diverse economies
139. Which of the following does not accurately depict European relations with Africa?
a) upon initial contact, Europeans made consistent effort to colonize the interior regions

b) Africa became the center of the slave trade

c) resources such as gold, ivory and timber were plundered

d) naval bases and outposts were established

e) coastal ports used as stopping points for merchants on way to India and China
140. Which of the following does not accurately describe South Africa?
a) British arrived first and set up trading post

b) Dutch Afrikaners/Boers eventually moved inland which created conflict with Zulus

c) African National Congress made up of Enlightened thinkers who wanted independence

d) Shaka Zulu was nicknamed the "Black Napoleon"

e) discovery of diamonds and gold encouraged mass immigration
141. What was the term given to the downfall of the Ottoman Empire?
a) the Eastern Debacle

b) the Eastern Question

c) the Middle Eastern Quandary

d) the Return of the Jedi

e) the Emancipation of Mimi

142. Why wasn't the Ottoman Empire overthrown?
a) Europe wanted to keep it held together because it was predictable and relatively stable

b) European military inferior to that of Ottomans

c) Geographical boundaries prevented invasion

d) Balkan states unite to create formidable foe

e) region had already implemented radical reforms
143. In what ways were the African colonies different from the Indian colonies?
a) both colonies solely controlled by British

b) boundary lines determined without concern for local population

c) infrastructure not brought to major cities

d) both colonies saw violence between indigenous groups

e) by 1900 India controlled by one nation whereas Africa controlled by many
144. Which of the following was not a reflection of Japan's rapid industrialization?
a) ability to beat Russia in Russo-Japanese War

b) ability to fend off economic threat of Europe

c) ability to beat China in Sino-Japanese War

d) ability to beat Vietnam in Indochina-Japanese War

e) Japan becomes first non-Western nation in centuries to create new empire
145. Which of the following was not a reason for the decline of the Ottoman Empire?
a) mediocre rulers

b) janissary support for reform

c) conservative religious leaders concerned about change

d) Ottoman Empire too large to control border regions

e) growing threat of European imperialism
146. Which of the following occurred due to US imperialism?
a) America develops a sphere of influence around South America with Eisenhower Doctrine

b) America encouraged Panamian revolt to gain control of Suez Canal

c) US becomes world power with annexation of Guam, Puerto Rico and Cuba

d) America used British navy to support

e) America becomes isolated and refuses to ever send troops to foreign countries
147. The Congress of Vienna
a) kept relative peace in Europe for a century

b) created radical changes in the governmental structure of Europe

c) was led by Frenchmen Rousseau

d) created France and British as dominant nations

e) occurred in Germany
148. Which of the following is not a characteristic of nationalism
a) drove the Japanese to industrialize quickly

b) drove Europeans to compete with each other for imperial holdings

c) drove Chinese peasants to attempt to preserve Manchu dynasty

d) drove Egyptians to revolt against control of Ottoman Empire

e) drove colonial resistance by Indians, Chinese and Africans

149. Which of the following best explains modernization theory?
a) desire for democracy will evolve after nations become economically prosperous

b) nations become economically prosperous only after establishing democracy

c) western Europe is an anomaly for modernization theory

d) impedes social change

e) women have no opportunity to gain opportunities
150. Which of the following does not accurately describe dependency theory?
a) nations will eventually become economically prosperous

b) nations that have been dependent will remain dependent

c) developed nations have access to industries to process natural resources

d) dependent nations export natural resources and agricultural products

e) dependent nations provide cheap labor

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