|USHX: 3.3 The North and the South
DRILL: In your own words, write a definition for:
Missouri Compromise & Indian Removal Act
Missouri Compromise -Missouri (slave) & Maine (free) entered the Union.
Indian Removal Act - allowed the removal of Indians to Oklahoma. (aka Trail of Tears)
Objective: Students will be able to describe how Reform Movements, Industrial Revolution, and the Transportation Revolution changed American life by analyzing the events of the period.
1. In the mid-1700s Britain underwent the Industrial Revolution
2. This was a period of rapid growth in the use of machines in manufacturing and production
3. The growth in industry and transportation in the 1800s caused great changes in the North and the South.
3. The Abolition movement tried end to slavery. Many people hoped for emancipation, or freedom from slavery, for all African Americans.
4. The Women’s Rights Movement began to fight for women’s issues such as health, pay, and right to vote.
5. The Temperance Movement urged people to give up or to limit alcohol use.
6. Dorothea Dix hoped to improve conditions in prisons and the treatment of the mentally ill and the mentally retarded.
Odd & Ends
1. Sojourner Truth former slave who was active in both the abolition/ women’s rights movements
2. Francis Cabot Lowell made large profits employing single women to spin/weave cloth in his textile mills
3. Frederick Douglass published the North Star an antislavery newspaper
4. Nativists were Americans who opposed immigration to the United States
5. Eli Whitney inventor -interchangeable parts to mass-produce goods and developed the cotton gin to remove the seeds from cotton
6. Nat Turner leader of a violent slave rebellion in Virginia
7. Elizabeth Cady Stanton co-organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention and a leader of the women’s rights movement
8. Samuel Morse invented the telegraph
USHX: 3.3: The North and the South
1. c 6. i
2. e 7. d
3. f 8. b
4. l 9. k
5. j 10. h
11. The Industrial Revolution also changed the way people worked. The Transportation Revolution became a rapid growth in the speed and convenience of transportation.
12. Because the South relied on slaves to grow and pick the cotton, there was an increase in slavery.
UNDERSTANDING WHAT YOU READ
1. One types of opposition did Clara Barton encounter during her career was that some men had a difficult time working with a woman and dealing with her success
2. During the Civil War, she provided food, supplies, and medical equipment to soldiers on the battlefield. Her nickname was “Angel of the Battlefield”
3. After she returned from working with the International Red Cross she organized the American Red Cross
4. The American Red Cross provide aid during times of war, droughts, floods, outbreaks of disease, railway accidents, and other domestic disasters
Summary: In today’s lesson we described how the Reform Movements, Industrial Revolution, and the Transportation Revolution changed America.
Homework: Abolition & Emancipation
Abolition—a complete end to slavery.
Emancipation –freedom from slavery for all African Americans.
Name ________________________ ________________ Class _______________ Date ____________
USHX 3.3 The Nation Expands - The North and the South
Match each of the following people or terms with the correct description by writing the letter of the description in the space provided. Some descriptions will not be used.
______ 1. Francis Cabot Lowell ______ 6. abolition
______ 2. nativists ______ 7. North Star
______ 3. Eli Whitney ______ 8. Sojourner Truth
______ 4. Samuel Morse ______ 9. Elizabeth Cady Stanton
______ 5. Nat Turner _____10. common-school movement
a. Americans who opposed slavery
b. former slave who was active in both the abolition and women’s rights movements
c. businessman who employed single women to spin and weave cloth in his textile mills
d. antislavery newspaper published by important African American leader and former slave Frederick Douglass
e. Americans who opposed immigration to the United States
f. inventor who conceived of the use of interchangeable parts to mass-produce goods and developed the cotton gin to remove the seeds from cotton
g. stories passed down from enslaved parents to their children
h. made up of reformers who wanted children from different backgrounds educated together
i. complete end to slavery
j. leader of a violent slave rebellion in Virginia
k. co-organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention and a leader of the women’s rights movement
l. invented the telegraph
12. How did the Industrial Revolution and the Transportation Revolution change life in the United States?
13. What effect did the cotton boom have on the South and slavery?
Identify the Major Reform Movements:
Women’s Rights Movement –
Mental Retardation –
USHX: 3.3: The North and the South
BIOGRAPHY READING/Clara Barton
Clara Barton is most famous for founding the American Red Cross. Beforeshe founded the organization, Barton helped wounded soldiers during the Civil War. She was also a great supporter of women’s suffrage and equal pay for equal work. Barton is probably best remembered for her heroism on the battlefield and for providing relief to soldiers and disaster victims when most needed.
Clara Barton was born on December 25, 1821, in Oxford, Massachusetts. Her parents and older siblings taught her literature, math, and outdoor sports. Although she was very shy, Barton became a teacher.
In 1850 Barton enrolled at the Liberal Institute of Clinton, New York. She then went on to establish one of the first public schools in New Jersey. The school became so successful that the trustees no longer wanted a woman to run it. Barton, however, refused to work for a male principal. From 1854 to 1861 Barton worked for the U.S. Patent Office, where she encountered more discrimination in the form of hostility from her male co-workers. When the Civil War broke out in 1861, Barton used her organizational skills to collect food and medical supplies for the men wounded at the Battle of Bull Run. She was concerned about the lack of supplies and basic first aid, and was granted permission to travel through battle lines to search for missing soldiers, nurse wounded men, and bring badly needed supplies. Her heroic efforts and great personal sacrifices during the Civil War earned her the nickname Angel of the Battlefield. In 1869 Barton provided relief work during the Franco-Prussian War.
While in Europe she learned of the formation of the International Red Cross and its activities. She returned to the United States in 1877, and in 1881 organized the American Red Cross. The American Red Cross provides aid during times of war, droughts, floods, outbreaks of disease, railway accidents, and other domestic disasters.
Under Barton’s leadership, the organization responded to many disasters, such as the Johnstown flood in Pennsylvania, a forest fire in Michigan, an outbreak of yellow fever in Florida, and a hurricane in Galveston, Texas, in 1900. During Barton’s tenure as the head of the American Red Cross, some of her management practices came under criticism.
She was finally forced to resign in 1904 when the federal government threatened to cut off funds to the organization. After her resignation, however, Barton remained active and connected to the cause. She was planning to establish a Red Cross organization in Mexico at the time of her death in 1912, at the age of 91.
UNDERSTANDING WHAT YOU READ
1. What types of opposition did Clara Barton encounter during her career?
2. What did Barton do during the Civil War? What was her nickname?
3. What did Barton do after she returned from working with the International Red Cross?
4. Under what circumstances does the American Red Cross provide aid?
In your words summarize today’s lesson.