Military History Anniversaries 1 thru 31 mar significant events in U. S. Military History for the next 30 days are



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Military History Anniversaries 1 thru 31 MAR

Significant events in U.S. Military History for the next 30 days are:


  • Mar 01 1916 – WWI: Germany begins attacking ships in the Atlantic.

  • Mar 01 1941 – WW2: German troops invade Bulgaria.

  • Mar 01 1942 – WW2: 3 day Battle of Java Sea ends. US suffers a major naval defeat.

  • Mar 01 1945 – WW2: U.S. infantry regiment captures Mönchengladbach, Germany.

  • Mar 01 1950 – Cold War: Klaus Fuchs is convicted of spying for the Soviet Union by disclosing top secret atomic bomb data.

  • Mar 01 1954 – Cold War: The Castle Bravo, a 15–megaton hydrogen bomb, is detonated on Bikini Atoll in the Pacific Ocean, resulting in the worst radioactive contamination ever caused by the United State.

castle bravo shrimp device 002.jpg

The Shrimp (code name Castle Bravo) device in its shot cab


  • Mar 01 1961 – Cold War: President John F. Kennedy issues an executive order establishing the Peace Corps. It proved to be one of the most innovative and highly publicized Cold War programs set up by the United States.

  • Mar 01 1965 – Vietnam: Ambassador Maxwell Taylor informs South Vietnamese Premier Phan Huy Quat that the United States is preparing to send 3,500 U.S. Marines to Vietnam to protect the U.S. airbase at Da Nang.

  • Mar 01 2002 – U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins in eastern Afghanistan lasting until 6 Mar.. Casualties and losses: U.S. 97 - Taliban 23 confirmed KIA.

  • Mar 02 1776 – American Revolution: Patriot militia units arrest the Royal Governor of Georgia James Wright and attempt to prevent capture of supply ships in the Battle of the Rice Boats.

  • Mar 02 1836 – Texas Revolution: Declaration of independence of the Republic of Texas from Mexico.

  • Mar 02 1941 – WW2: First German military units enter Bulgaria after it joined the Axis Pact.

  • Mar 02 1943 – WW2: Battle of the Bismarck Sea – U.S. and Australian forces sink Japanese convoy ships.

  • Mar 02 1965 – Vietnam: The US and South Vietnamese Air Force begin Operation Rolling Thunder, a sustained bombing campaign against North Vietnam.

  • Mar 02 1991 – Gulf War: Battle at Rumaila Oil Field brings end to the 1991 Gulf War.

  • Mar 02 2002 – Iraq War: U.S. invasion of Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda begins (ending on March 19 after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters, with 11 Western troop fatalities).

  • Mar 02 2004 – Iraq War: Al Qaeda carries out the Ashoura Massacre killing 170 and wounding over 500.

  • Mar 03 1776 – American Revolution: The first amphibious landing of the United States Marine Corps begins the Battle of Nassau.

  • Mar 03 1779 – American Revolution: The Continental Army is routed at the Battle of Brier Creek near Savannah, Georgia.

  • Mar 03 1863 – Civil War: U.S. Congress passes a conscription act that produces the first wartime draft of U.S. citizens in American history.

  • Mar 03 1931 – The United States adopts The Star–Spangled Banner as its national anthem.

  • Mar 03 1942 – WW2: Ten Japanese warplanes raid the town of Broome Western Australia killing more than 100 people.

  • Mar 03 1942 – WW2:  USS Perch (SS–176) scuttled after severe damage from Japanese destroyers Ushio and Sazanami. 60 POWs, 6 later died

  • Mar 03 1945 – WW2: The American and Filipino troops liberate Manila, Philippines after 30 days of fighting.

  • Mar 04 1776 – American Revolution: The Americans capture "Dorchester Heights" dominating the port of Boston Massachusetts.

  • Mar 04 1776 – American Revolution: The Continental Army fortifies Dorchester Heights with cannon, leading the British troops to abandon the Siege of Boston.



washington fortifies dorchester heights by view-master


  • Mar 04 1814 – Americans defeat the British at the Battle of Longwoods between London, Ontario and Thamesville, near present-day Wardsville, Ontario.

  • Mar 04 1944 – WW2: 1st US bombing of Berlin Germany.

  • Mar 04 2002 – Afghanistan: Seven American Special Operations Forces soldiers are killed as they attempt to infiltrate the Shahi Kot Valley on a low-flying helicopter reconnaissance mission.

  • Mar 05 1770 – Boston Massacre. British troops kill 5 in crowd. Crispus Attackus becomes 1st black man to die for American freedom.

  • Mar 05 1927 – 1,000 US marines land in China to protect American property

  • Mar 05 1942 – WW2: US Navy's Mobile Construction Battalions "SEABEES" officially formed and placed in action in New Caledonia an island in the southwest Pacific as they landed and began construction of base facilities.

  • Mar 05 1945 – WW2: Allies bomb The Hague, Netherlands. During the 128 raids casualties amounted to 884 killed and a further 631 wounded.

  • Mar 05 1946 – Ho Chi Minh signs an agreement with France which recognizes Vietnam as an autonomous state in the Indochinese Federation and the French Union.

  • Mar 06 1836 – Texas Revolution: Battle of the Alamo – After a thirteen day siege by an army of 3,000 Mexican troops, the 187 Texas volunteers, including frontiersman Davy Crockett and colonel Jim Bowie, defending the Alamo are killed and the fort is captured. Mexican losses are about 600.

  • Mar 06 1865 – Civil War: Battle of Natural Bridge, Florida. Casualties and losses: US 148 - CSA 26.

  • Mar 06 1943 – WW2: Battle at Medenine (a.k.a. Operation Capri) North–Africa: Rommel’s assault attack which was abandoned at dusk on the same day after the loss of 52 German tanks.

  • Mar 06 1944 – WW2: U.S. heavy bombers staged the first full–scale American raid on Berlin.

  • Mar 06 1945 – WW2: Cologne is captured by American Troops.

  • Mar 06 1991 – Following Iraq's capitulation in the Persian Gulf conflict Pres Bush told Congress that "aggression is defeated. The war is over"

  • Mar 07 1862 – Civil War: Union forces defeat Confederate troops at Pea Ridge in northwestern Arkansas. Casualties and losses: US 1384 - CSA 2000.

  • Mar 07 1942 – WW2: Japanese troops land on New Guinea.

  • Mar 07 1945 – WW2: American troops seize the Ludendorff Bridge over the Rhine River at Remagen, Germany.

ludendorff bridge remagen germany.jpg

  • Mar 07 1951 - Korean War: Operation Ripper - United Nations troops led by General Matthew Ridgeway begin an assault against Chinese forces in an offensive to straighten out the U.N. front lines against the Chinese.

  • Mar 07 1968 – Vietnam War: The Battle of Saigon begun on the day of the Tet Offensive ends.

  • Mar 07 1968 – Vietnam War: The United States and South Vietnamese military begin Operation Truong Cong Dinh to root out Viet Cong forces from the area surrounding My Tho.

  • Mar 07 1971 – Vietnam War: A thousand U.S. planes bomb Cambodia and Laos.

  • Mar 08 1782 – American Revolution: Gnadenhütten massacre - Ninety-six Native Americans in Gnadenhutten, Ohio, who had converted to Christianity are killed by Pennsylvania militiamen in retaliation for raids carried out by other Indians.

  • Mar 08 1862 – Civil War: On the second day of the Battle of Pea Ridge Confederate force including some Indian troops under General Earl Van Dorn surprise Union troop but the Union troops win the battle. Casualties & losses: US 1384 - CSA 2000.

  • Mar 08 1942 – WW2: Japanese troops capture Rangoon Burma

  • Mar 08 1943 – WW2: Japanese forces attack American troops on Hill 700 in Bougainville. The battle will last five days.

  • Mar 08 1965 – Vietnam: More than 4,000 Marines land at Da Nang in South Vietnam and become the first U.S. combat troops in Vietnam

  • Mar 09 1847 – Mexican American War: The first large–scale amphibious assault in U.S. history is launched in the Siege of Veracruz. Casualties & losses: US 60 - Mex 400

  • Mar 09 1862 – Civil War: The USS Monitor and CSS Virginia fight to a draw in the Battle of Hampton Roads the first fight between two ironclad warships.

  • Mar 09 1916 – Pancho Villa leads nearly 500 Mexican raiders in an attack against Columbus, New Mexico.

blog do fê cunha: personagens da história - pancho villa

  • Mar 09 1944 – WW2: Japanese troops counter–attack American forces on Hill 700 in Bougainville in a battle that would last five days.

  • Mar 09 1945 – WW2: U.S. B–29 bombers launched incendiary bomb attacks against Japan resulting in an estimated 100,000 deaths.

  • Mar 09 1966 – Vietnam: The North Vietnamese capture a Green Beret camp at Ashau Valley.

  • Mar 09 1968 – Vietnam: General William Westmoreland asks for 206,000 more troops in Vietnam.

  • Mar 10 1942 – WW2: General Douglas MacArthur abandons Corregidor.

  • Mar 10 1945 – WW2: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large–scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2

  • Mar 10 1953 – Korean War: North Korean gunners at Wonsan fire on the USS Missouri. The ship responds by firing 998 rounds at the enemy position.

  • Mar 10 1975 – Vietnam: The North Vietnamese Army attacks the South Vietnamese town of Ban Me Thout the offensive will end with total victory in Vietnam.

  • Mar 11 1863 – Civil War: Union troops under General Ulysess S. Grant give up their preparations to take Vicksburg after failing to pass Fort Pemberton north of Vicksburg.

  • Mar 11 1865 – Civil War: Union General William Sherman and his forces occupy Fayetteville N.C.

  • Mar 11 1942 – WWI: General Douglas MacArthur leaves Bataan Philippines for Australia.

  • Mar 11 1945 – WW2: The Imperial Japanese Navy attempts a large-scale kamikaze attack on the U.S. Pacific Fleet anchored at Ulithi atoll in Operation Tan No. 2.

  • Mar 12 1920 – USS H–1 (SS–28) foundered and sunk off Santa Margarita Island, California. 4 died

  • Mar 12 1947 – Cold War: The Truman Doctrine is proclaimed to help stem the spread of Communism. Historians often consider it as the start of the Cold War.

  • Mar 13 1862 – Civil War: The U.S. federal government forbids all Union army officers to return fugitive slaves, thus effectively annulling the Fugitive Slave Act of 1850 and setting the stage for the Emancipation Proclamation.

  • Mar 13 1865 – Civil War: The Confederate States of America agree to the use of African American troops.

  • Mar 13 1943 – WW2: In Bougainville, Japanese troops end their assault on American forces at Hill 700.

  • Mar 14 1780 – American Revolution: Spanish forces capture Fort Charlotte in Mobile, Alabama, the last British frontier post capable of threatening New Orleans in Spanish Louisiana.

  • Mar 14 1864 – Civil War: Union troops occupy Fort de Russy, Louisiana.

  • Mar 14 1916 – WWI: Battle of Verdun – German attack on Mort–Homme ridge West of Verdun.

  • Mar 14 1947 The United States signs a 99–year lease on naval bases in the Philippines.

  • Mar 14 1951 – Korean War: U.N. forces recapture Seoul for the second time during the Korean War.

  • Mar 14 1954 – The Viet Minh launch an assault against the French Colonial Forces at Dien Bien Phu.

  • Mar 15 1781 – American Revolution: Battle of Guilford Court House, SC 1,900 British troops under General Charles Cornwallis defeat an American force numbering 4,400. Casualties and losses: US 1,272 - GB 538.

  • Mar 15 1916 – President Woodrow Wilson sends 12,000 United States troops over the U.S.–Mexico border to pursue Pancho Villa.

  • Mar 15 1943 – WW2: USS Triton (SS–201) sunk either by Japanese destroyer Satsuki or submarine chaser Ch 24 north of Admiralty Islands. 74 killed.

  • Mar 15 1944 – WW2: Battle of Monte Cassino - Cassino, Italy is destroyed by Allied bombing.

  • Mar 15 1989 – VA elevated to a Cabinet–level agency under Public Law 100–527.

  • Mar 16 1802 – The Army Corps of Engineers is established to found and operate West Point Academy.

  • Mar 16 1935 – Adolf Hitler orders Germany to rearm herself in violation of the Versailles Treaty.

  • Mar 16 1942 – WW2: The first V–2 rocket test launch. It explodes at liftoff.

  • Mar 16 1945 – WW2: The Battle of Iwo Jima ends but small pockets of Japanese resistance persist. Casualties and losses: US 26,038 - JP 22,060

  • Mar 16 1968 – Vietnam: In the My Lai massacre, between 350 and 500 Vietnamese villagers: men, women, and children are killed by American troops.

  • Mar 17 1776 – American Revolution: British forces evacuate Boston, Massachusetts.

  • Mar 17 1942 – WW2: Holocaust: The first Jews from the Lviv Ghetto (western Ukraine) are gassed at the Belzec death camp (eastern Poland).

  • Mar 17 1945 – WW2: The Ludendorff Bridge in Remagen, Germany collapses, ten days after its capture.

  • Mar 17 1973 – Vietnam: First POWs are released from the "Hanoi Hilton" in Hanoi, North Vietnam.

  • Mar 18 1945 – WW2: 1,250 U.S. bombers attack Berlin.

  • Mar 19 1865 – Civil War: The Battle of Bentonville begins. By the end of the battle two days later, Confederate forces had retreated from Four Oaks, North Carolina. Casualties and losses: US 1,527 - CSA 2,606

  • Mar 19 1941 – WW2: The 99th Pursuit Squadron also known as the Tuskegee Airmen, the first all–black unit of the Army Air Corp, is activated.

  • Mar 19 1945 – WW2: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.

  • Mar 19 1945 – WW2: Adolf Hitler issues his "Nero Decree" ordering all industries, military installations, shops, transportation facilities and communications facilities in Germany to be destroyed.

  • Mar 19 1945 – WW2: Off the coast of Japan, a dive bomber hits the aircraft carrier USS Franklin, killing 724 of her crew. Badly damaged, the ship is able to return to the U.S. under her own power.

  • Mar 19 2002 – Afghanistan: Operation Anaconda ends (started on March 2) after killing 500 Taliban and al Qaeda fighters with 11 allied troop fatalities.

  • Mar 19 2003 – Iraq: United States President George W. Bush orders the start of war against Iraq.

  • Mar 20 1922 – The USS Langley (CV–1) is commissioned as the first United States Navy aircraft carrier.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/commons/1/1b/uss_langley_cv-1_1924.jpg

  • Mar 20 1942 – Holocaust: in Rohatyn, western Ukraine, the German SS murder 3,000 Jews, including 600 children, annihilating 70% of Rohatyn's Jewish ghetto.

  • Mar 20 1942 – WW II: General Douglas MacArthur, at Terowie, South Australia, makes his famous speech regarding the fall of the Philippines, in which he says: "I came out of Bataan and I shall return".

  • Mar 20 1945 – WW2: USS Kete (SS–369) missing. Most likely sunk by a mine or a Japanese submarine (perhaps RO 41) east of Okinawa. 87 killed

  • Mar 20 1952 – The United States Senate ratifies a peace treaty with Japan.

  • Mar 20 1969Vietnam: U.S president Nixon proclaims he will end Vietnam war in 1970.

  • Mar 20 2003 – Iraq: Invasion of Iraq by American and British led coalition begins without United Nations support and in defiance of world opinion.

  • Mar 21 1918 – WWI: The Germans launch the ‘Michael’ offensive [First Battle of the Somme].

  • Mar 21 1943 – WW2: Assassination attempt on Hitler fails.

  • Mar 21 1945 – WW2: 1st Japanese flying bombs (ochas) attack Okinawa.


file:japanese ohka rocket plane.jpg

Yokosuka MXY7 Ohka


  • Mar 21 1971 – Vietnam: Two U.S. platoons in Vietnam refuse their orders to advance.

  • Mar 22 1942 – WW2: Heavy German assault on Malta.

  • Mar 22 1945 – WW2: U.S. 3rd Army crosses Rhine at Nierstein.

  • Mar 22 1965 – Vietnam: U.S. confirms its troops used chemical warfare against the Vietcong.

  • Mar 23 1775 – Revolutionary War: Patrick Henry delivers his speech "Give me Liberty, or give me Death!" at St. John's Church in Richmond, Virginia.

  • Mar 23 1862 – Civil War: The First Battle of Kernstown, Virginia, marks the start of Stonewall Jackson's Valley Campaign. Though a Confederate defeat, the engagement distracts Federal efforts to capture Richmond. Casualties and losses: US 500 - CSA 718

  • Mar 23 1942 – WW2: Japanese forces occupy Andaman Islands in Indian Ocean.

  • Mar 23 1942 – WW2: U.S. move native–born of Japanese ancestry into detention centers.

  • Mar 23 1945 – WW2: Largest operation in Pacific war, 1,500 US Navy ships bomb Okinawa.

  • Mar 23 1951 – Korea: U.S. paratroopers descend from flying boxcars in a surprise attack in Korea.

http://upload.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/thumb/b/b7/c-119_boxcar.jpg/220px-c-119_boxcar.jpg

C-119 in flight


  • Mar 23 1994 – A United States Air Force (USAF) F–16 aircraft collides with a USAF C–130 at Pope Air Force Base and then crashes, killing 24 United States Army soldiers on the ground. This later became known as the Green Ramp disaster.

  • Mar 23 2003 – Iraq War: In Nasiriyah, 11 soldiers of the 507th Maintenance Company as well as 18 U.S. Marines are killed during the first major conflict of Operation Iraqi Freedom. 654 Iraqi combatants are also killed.

  • Mar 24 1944 – WW2: In an event later dramatized in the movie The Great Escape, 76 prisoners begin breaking out of Stalag Luft I.

  • Mar 25 1865 – Civil War: In Virginia, Confederate forces temporarily capture Fort Stedman from the Union.

  • Mar 25 1915 – 1st submarine disaster. USS F–4 (SS–23) sunk after a battery explosion off Honolulu, Hawaii. 21 died

  • Mar 25 1953 – Korean War: The USS Missouri fires on targets at Kojo, North Korea, the last time her guns fire until the Persian Gulf War of 1992.

  • Mar 25 1971 – Vietnam: The Army of the Republic of Vietnam abandon an attempt to cut off the Ho Chi Minh trail in Laos.

  • Mar 25 1975 – Vietnam: The former imperial capital of Hue fell to North Vietnamese troops along with the entire Thua Thien Province.

  • Mar 26 1944 – USS Tullibee (SS–284) accidentally sunk by circular run of own torpedo off Palau Islands. 79 died

  • Mar 26 1945 – WW2: Kamikazes attack U.S. battle fleet near Kerama Retto.

  • Mar 26 1945 – WW2: U.S. 7th Army crosses Rhine at Worms Germany.

  • Mar 26 1970 – 500th nuclear explosion announced by the U.S. since 1945.

  • Mar 27 1794 – The U.S. establishes a permanent navy and authorizes the building of 6 frigates.

  • Mar 27 1836 – Texas Revolution: Goliad massacre – Antonio López de Santa Anna orders the Mexican army to kill about 400 Texas POWs at Goliad, Texas.

  • Mar 27 1846 – Mexican–American War: Siege of Fort Texas.

  • Mar 27 1886 – Apache Wars: Famous Apache warrior, Geronimo, surrenders to the U.S. Army, ending the main phase of the Apache Wars.



http://www.buzzle.com/img/articleimages/171631-31.jpg


  • Mar 27 1943 – World War II: Battle of the Komandorski Islands - In the Aleutian Islands the battle begins when United States Navy forces intercept Japanese attempting to reinforce a garrison at Kiska.

  • Mar 27 1945 – WW2: Gen Eisenhower declares German defenses on Western Front broken.

  • Mar 27 1945 – WW2: Iwo Jima occupied, after 22,000 Japanese & 6,000 US killed.

  • Mar 27 1945 – WW2: Operation Starvation, the aerial mining of Japan's ports and waterways begins.

  • Mar 27 1952 Korea: Elements of the U.S. Eighth Army reach the 38th parallel.

  • Mar 271814 – War of 1812: In central Alabama, U.S. forces under General Andrew Jackson defeat the Creek at the Battle of Horseshoe Bend.

  • Mar 28 1862 – American Civil War: Battle of Glorieta Pass – in New Mexico, Union forces stop the Confederate invasion of New Mexico territory. The battle began on March 26. Casualties and losses: US 125 - CSA 123

  • Mar 28 1945 – WW2: Germany launches the last of its V–2 rockets against England.

fusée v2.jpg

Peenemünde Museum replica of V-2


  • Mar 28 1945 – WW2: USS Trigger (SS–237) sunk by Japanese patrol vessel Mikura, Coast Defense Vessel No.33,and Coast Defense Vessel No. 59 in the Nansei Soto. 89 killed.

  • Mar 28 1946 – Cold War: The United States State Department releases the Acheson-Lilienthal Report, outlining a plan for the international control of nuclear power.

  • Mar 29 1847 – Mexican-American War: United States forces led by General Winfield Scott take Veracruz after a siege.

  • Mar 29 1865 – Civil War: Federal forces under Major General Philip Sheridan move to flank Confederate forces under Robert E. Lee as the Appomattox Campaign begins.

  • Mar 29 1911 – The M1911 .45 ACP pistol becomes the official U.S. Army side arm.

  • Mar 29 1944 – WW2: Allied bombing raid on Nuremberg. Along the English eastern coast 795 aircraft are dispatched, including 572 Lancasters, 214 Halifaxes and 9 Mosquitoes. The bombers meet resistance at the coasts of Belgium and the Netherlands from German fighters. In total, 95 bombers are lost, making it the largest Bomber Command loss of World War II.

  • Mar 29 1951 – Korea: The Chinese reject Gen. Douglas MacArthur’s offer for a truce in Korea.

  • Mar 29 1971 – Vietnam: My Lai massacre. Lieutenant William Calley is convicted of premeditated murder and sentenced to life in prison.

  • Mar 29 1973 – Vietnam: Last U.S. combat soldiers leave, 9 yrs after Tonkin Resolution.

  • Mar 30 1944 – WW2: The U.S. fleet attacks Palau, near the Philippines.

  • Mar 30 1972 – Vietnam: The Easter Offensive begins with Hanoi launching its heaviest attack in four years, crossing into the DMZ.

  • Mar 31 1941 – WW2: Germany begins a counter offensive in Africa.

  • Mar 31 1965 – Vietnam: U.S. ordered the 1st combat troops to Vietnam.

[Source: Various Feb 2014 ++]






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