Midterm Study Guide- ap world 2016 Exam information



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Midterm Study Guide- AP World 2016

Exam information:

Date: Monday January 25

Format: Multiple Choice and DBQ essay
Period 4: Global Interactions, c. 1450-1750 C.E.

Directions: Ask yourself the question in the left column. Your answer should go in the middle column. The right column is for key words or facts that could appear in a multiple choice question or which could be used as evidence in an essay.



Globalizing Networks of Communication and Exchange

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. Describe the degree of global interconnection after 1500 CE compared to before 1500. What were the overall effects of this change in global interconnectedness?










  1. How did the global trade network after 1500 CE affect the pre-existing regional trade networks? (Indian Ocean, Mediterranean, trans-Saharan, Silk Routes)










  1. What technical developments made transoceanic European travel & trade possible?










  1. What were the major notable trans- oceanic voyages between 1450-1750 CE? What nations were involved in sponsoring voyages? What impact did these voyages have on the home nation?










  1. What new financial and monetary means made new scale(s) of trade possible? What previously established scale(s) of trade continued?










  1. What was the role of European merchants in global trade networks between 1450 and 1750?










  1. What was the role of silver in facilitation global trade?










  1. What was the Atlantic system? What were the social and economic effects of the Atlantic trading system?










  1. What were the biological effects of the Columbian exchange?










  1. How did the exchange of people and goods across the Atlantic affect the environment?










  1. How did the interactions in the Atlantic system affect the spread of religions? What areas did Buddhism, Christianity and Islam spread in this period? How did some religions change as a result of interactions?










  1. How did increased wealth in Europe, East and South Asia affect the arts and culture in this period?










New Forms of Social Organization and Modes of Production

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. How did the role of agriculture change between 1450-1750? What pre-requisite conditions made these changes possible?










  1. How did labor systems develop between 1450-1750?

Consider: peasant labor, slavery, labor systems in the colonial Americas












  1. How did the Atlantic slave trade affect both African societies and the economy of the Americas?










  1. How did the post-1450 economic order affect the social, economic, and political elites?









State Consolidation and Imperial Expansion

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. How did empires attempt to administer the new widespread nature of their territories? How did the role of Africa, the Americas, Asia, and Europe develop in this new world-wide political order? How did the people of various empires react to their government’s methods?









  1. How did political rulers legitimize and consolidate their rule?

 What role did religion play in legitimizing political rule?








  1. How did Europeans go about creating new global empires and trade networks?








  1. How did pre-existing land-based empires and new empires during this era compare to previous era’s empires? (consider Mughals, Ottomans, Russians)









  1. What obstacles to empire-building did empires confront, and how did they respond to these challenges?









Period 5: Industrialization and Global Integration, c. 1750 CE -1900 CE

Industrialization and Global Capitalism

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. What combination of factors were necessary to begin the Industrial Revolution?










  1. How did industrialization change how goods were produced?










  1. How did Industrialization affect seemingly unrelated fields like social structures, culture, (arts, religion, literature) & the economy?










  1. What was the “second industrial revolution”?










  1. How did industrialization influence global trade patterns? Consider source of raw materials, decline of some industries, new markets for goods and metals










  1. What economic theories developed as a result of the Industrial Revolution? How did they differ in their understanding of the new industrial economy?










  1. What financial institutions facilitated industrial production?










  1. What significant technological developments occurred during the Industrial Revolution? How did they change the lives of people around the world?










  1. What were the responses to the Industrial Revolution around the world? Consider the response of workers and governments










  1. How did the Industrial Revolution affect the social structure of industrialized societies? How did the Industrial Revolution affect family, gender roles, demographics?










Imperialism and Nation-State Formation

Answer

Key People/Terms/Facts

  1. What are the similarities & differences between colonialism and imperialism? How did imperialism affect Europe’s influence around the world?










  1. Which states increased their influence and control over their pre-existing colonies, and which saw their influence decrease?










  1. Which area(s) of the world became imperial powers, and why did they imperialize while other areas did not?










  1. How did imperialists justify imperialism?










  1. What were the responses to imperialism around the world?










  1. How did imperialism affect Africa, Asia, and Oceania?










Nationalism, Revolution and Reform

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. What role did the Enlightenment play in making political revolutions & rebellions possible? What were the effects of these ideals on the formation and reform of governments?










  1. What is the basis of national identity and nationalism? How did governments use these new ideas on their populations?










  1. How did rebellions and revolutions in the Americas and Europe reflect Enlightenment ideals?










  1. How did slaves’ resistance affect existing authorities in the Americas?










  1. What was the relationship between nationalism and anti-colonialism?










  1. What new political ideologies developed from c. 1750-1900?










  1. What people or issues did Enlightenment thinkers ignore or overlook?










Global Migration

Answer

Key Terms/People/Facts

  1. How did migrations in this period compare to earlier periods? What were the main social, economic, and political causes and effects of this new age of migration?







  1. How did the Industrial Revolution affect migration patterns during this period?







  1. Why did people migrate? Consider voluntary and involuntary migration, seasonal and permanent migrations







  1. How did migrants preserve and transplant their culture in their new homes?







  1. What were the social consequences and reactions to the 19th century migrations?







Adapted from Bill Strickland’s Key Concepts Study Guide


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