Storms, earthquakes, and darkness at noon that attend the battle—allusion to what?
the end of the world
Roland’s heroic flaw
desire for personal glory and recognition
First Knight (movie)
How chivalry is depicted in movie (courtly love, honor, bravery, loyalty to king, etc.)-examples
Courtly love – Lancelot chooses to leave Camelot because it is too hard to be near Lady Guinevere and he knows that it is disloyal to King Arthur (of course she then asks for that kiss and things kinda go downhill from there) / Bravery – Lancelot bravely saved Lady Guinevere from Malagant; he conquered the gauntlet; he fought Malagant and his men at the end when they tried to take over Camelot, etc. /
Loyalty to the king – The knights of the Round Table swear loyalty to King Arthur and do whatever it takes to protect him and Camelot; Lancelot shows his loyalty to King Arthur at the end by fighting Malagant
Satire-A literary work that ridicules (makes fun of) its subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and/or parody in order to make a comment or criticism about it.
Techniques of Satire (Parody, Incongruity, Exaggeration, Reversal)-examples
Exaggeration- To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen / ex: Princess Fiona fights and successfully defeats Robin Hood and all of his Merry Men without any help and without any weapons.
Incongruity- To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings. / ex:
Princess Fiona uses her ponytail to deliver a knockout punch to one of the Merry Men. While frozen in a arts kick, Princess Fiona pauses to fix her disheveled hair before knocking out two of the Merry Men.
Reversal-To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events, hierarchical order). /
ex: Princess Fiona, the rescuee, fights and defeats the enemy
Parody- To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing. / ex: The fight scene is an exaggerated imitation of the martial arts style and special effects used in movies such as The Matrix, and Crouching Tiger, Hidden Dragon.
from The Nibelungenlied “How Siegfried Was Slain” (pp. 566-574)
Why does Kriemhild want Siegfried to stay home from the hunt?
she had a scary dream that he will be attacked
Which attitudes toward Siegfried contribute to the murderers motivations?
they are jealous of his superiority and skill
What flaw in Siegfried’s character does Hagen exploit to murder him?
the love of a challenge
Which fundamental feudal value does Hagen violate?
people who choose passion over reason will face punishment
Canto XXXIV (“The Ninth Circle of Hell”)
Dante’s emotional state at end of the Inferno
one of relief
those who do not repent of their sins face their own damnation Literary Terms
*know the definitions and be able to relate to the works of literature / recognize examples)
Theme-central idea or statement that unifies and controls and entire literary work Terza Rima—a three-line stanza form with interlocking rhymes that move from one stanza to the next Tercet—a three line unit or stanza of poetry Canto—a sub-division of an epic or narrative poem comparable to a chapter in a novel Vernacular—the everyday or common language of a geographic area or the native language of commoners in a country as opposed to a prestigious dead language maintained artificially in schools or text Medieval Romance—a tale of high adventure that usually idealizes chivalry and the knight’s love for his lady and tends to be mysterious and focus on supernatural elements Archetype – details, plot patterns, character types, or themes that appear in the literature of many different cultures (such as the quest, disguised identity, the sun, numbers, archetypal woman, wise old man, scapegoat, etc.) Quest—the pursuit of someone or something of great importance; while on a quest a hero journeys great distances, defeats evil, demonstrates bravery, and grows in wisdom and maturity Symbol—a person, place, animal, or object that has its own meaning but also suggests a larger meaning Medieval Epic—focused on ideas such as loyalty and valor, that bound societies together; they also defined and expressed the character of a people, were based on historical events, and were performed long before they were written down Epic Hero—a person of extraordinary abilities who represents a culture’s highest values Heroic Flaw—a defect of character that may lead to suffering or even death Feudal Values—social pattern developed with a hierarchy of roles and power; lordvassalsknights Chivalry—code of honor that governed the lives of lords and vassals Courtly Love—concept of expressing admiration and love; generally secret and between members of the nobility Allegory—literary work with two levels of meaning—literal and symbolic Imagery—writing that uses descriptive details to appeal to the five senses and create mental images in readers’ minds Characterization—the art of revealing character Direct Characterization—a writer simply tells a reader what a character is like Indirect Characterization—a writer suggests what a character is like by showing what the character says or does, what other characters say about him or her, or how other characters behave toward him or her Allusion—a reference within a literary work to something outside the work (such as a famous person, historical event, etc.) Symbolic Retribution—the idea that one’s punishment is fitting for one’s sin Satire-A literary work that ridicules (makes fun of) its subject through the use of techniques such as exaggeration, reversal, incongruity, and/or parody in order to make a comment or criticism about it. Exaggeration- To enlarge, increase, or represent something beyond normal bounds so that it becomes ridiculous and its faults can be seen Incongruity- To present things that are out of place or are absurd in relation to its surroundings. Reversal-To present the opposite of the normal order (e.g., the order of events, hierarchical order) Parody- To imitate the techniques and/or style of some person, place, or thing.