What was Europe like after the Fall of Rome? What time period does the Middle Ages cover?
How did the Germanic way of life contribute to “dark” lifestyle
How might European “landscape” (i.e. not unifed) post Rome create problems both WITHIN different groups and BETWEEN different groups?
How are the fragmented sections of Europe able to initially unify (i.e. What factor unifies them the FASTEST)? How does Clovis relate to this?
How was Charlemagne strengthen Frankish rule?
How did the post-Charlemagne era indicate that society was moving back towards the dark ages
What conditions/factors led to the development of feudalism?
What is the difference between Feudalism and Manorialism?
How did Medieval people live and how was their life affected by their living circumstances?
How did feudalism help sustain people’s lives? What was each class in society responsible for “giving” and “getting” under this system?
How was living on a manor/under the feudal system both advantageous and disadvantageous?
How did the Roman Catholic Church dominate life in the Middle Ages?
How was it structured?
What are some of the important Christian beliefs and how did those beliefs allow the power of the Church to grow?
How did convents and monasteries reinforce the role of the Church?
How was the Church both a positive/negative influence on the people? What powers did the Church have and how did that affect people?
According to Benedictine rule, what vow did monks/nuns have to take?
What was daily life like for the king? Lords? Knights? Serfs? What were some of the challenges faced by each?
Why are the commercial and agricultural revolutions called transition periods in medieval history?
What types of new technology came about in the High Middle Ages? How did this impact society?
What types of new business practices came about in the High Middle Ages? How did those impact society?
How did guilds function and impact society?
What was England like BEFORE monarch power started to grow?
How did early kings strengthen their power in England?
What groups of people had problems with the powers of the monarchy growing?
What types of rights did the Magna Carta protect? Why would King John ever agree to sign this document?
What issue did King Henry IV and Pope Gregory VII disagree over? What was the argument for each side? Who “won?” What is the Concordat of Worms?
What conflict sparked the Crusades? Why were western Christians (the Pope/Church, nobles, knights, serfs) motivated to become involved? What types of obstacles (geographic or other) stood in their way?
Why was Jerusalem an important to have control over? (i.e. Why were the religions even fighting over it?)
What were the results of the Crusades?
How did the Crusades impact Western Europe? What were some negative and positive outcomes of the Crusades? (i.e think about the impact on society, economy, culture, politics, etc).
What new focuses in learning took place in the High Middle Ages? Why was pursuing new learning sometimes a challenged? What types of learning were promoted? What types of learning were people hesitant to study. Why?
How did literature change in the High Middle Ages? How did it still reflect Christian values?
What are the differences between Romanesque and Gothic architecture? How did this new architecture impact religion? How did the push for new architecture/churches reinforce the Roman Catholic Church?
What is the Black Death? How did it spread to Europe/across Europe?
What were the social, religious, and economic effects of the Black Death?
How did Spain achieve political and religious unity?
Why did reformers start to criticize the church? How did the church respond?
How did new technology affect fighting during the Hundred Years’ War? What were the results?
What were the criticisms against the Church during the High Middle Ages? What did John Wycliffe and Jan Hus advocate for? What happened to them?