Causes and Effects of the Revolutionary War
The colonist used to live a free and easy to life even though they were controlled by England. However, England started to take advantage of the colonist, taking away their rights one by one. At first the laws were not very invasive, but when the colonist started to rebel the acts became more intense. This led to the colonist becoming Americans and the Declaration of Independence being formed.
When the British first began to pass restrictive laws they went unnoticed by most colonists. The Navigation Acts forced the colonist to grow and ship only certain items such as: tobacco, cotton, and sugar. There was another list of items in which the colonist could not grow or sale. When the colonist tried to question this act England said that after the French and Indian War England was left in deep debt and this was an easy way to raise the revenue. The British also established colonial custom houses and named royally appointed judges who tried those who broke the laws by disobeying the acts. In the end, the Navigation Acts did not bring up the revenue, but it did unite the wealthy elite of colonies. The next act to be passed was the Proclamation of 1763. It was created during westward expansion to pacify the Indians west of the Allegheny Mountains and protect the wildlife. The Proclamation of 1763 was hard for the British to keep because there was so much land to cover and many of the colonists who lived west of the Alleghenies ignored it. The most frustrating issue about this act was that the colonist could no longer trade with the Indians because the colonists were under royal license. The act helped frontier men, western farmers, and others wanting to move west to acquire land come together. England later passed the Sugar Act in 1764 which was taxing on sugar cane. Many colonists did not notice this law to begin with, but those who did really started to feel England’s grasp. It was not until the Stamp Act in 1765 that the colonist began to rebel. The Stamp Act put a tax on all printed materials. This highly affective all of the colonist and the organization of the Son’s of Liberty began. The Son’s of Liberty was a organization who protested the restraining acts and usually used violence. When the Tea Act of 1773 occurred the Sons of Liberty took action. The Tea Act taxed tea, forcing the colonist to sell and buy British Tea. In protest the Son’s of Liberty led a revolt; they snuck onto a ship carrying the tea and dumped it into the Boston Harbor. The group chanted “No taxation without representation!” This event was the first time the colonists showed extreme rebellion (there was some violence against British tax collectors such as tar and feathering, but this protest caught England’s attention). Yet, this did not stop England from passing new acts. If anything, the acts became more severe so they could punish the colonist for the Boston Tea Party. The next act was passed in 1764 was the Currency Act. This act prohibited the colonist from printing their own money which led to more stress and tension on the colonists and angered them further. Another act passed in 1764 was the Quartering Act. It forced the colonist to house and feed British troops and supplies them with a daily ration of alcohol. The colonists were displeased because the act made them allow a complete stranger to live with their family and provide for the solider when the family itself was struggling to survive. The Declaratory Act was passed in 1766 and said that parliament was sovereign in “all cases whatsoever”. England continued to ignore and neglect any complaints made by the colonists. The Quebec Act of 1774 established an authoritarian right across the border in Canada. This concerned the colonists because they were afraid parliament would start to control Canada as well. All of these restrictive acts led to the colonists uniting and on July 4 1776 and Thomas Jefferson wrote the Declaration of Independence. The colonist to steps to break away from England and became Americans
When the colonists went against England it showed how Americans would not stand for injustice. It also showed how we can pull together to fix problems in government. In a historical aspect the Declaration of Independence was the first of many primary documents. Throughout history Americans started to document important events such as: Bill of rights, treaties, surrenders and more. The events leading up to the Revolutionary War shaped America history for the future.
England began to pass restrictive laws on the colonist and took away their natural rights. This led to the colonists coming together and breaking away from parliament. The acts passed from1763 through 1776 shaped America.