|44 Part 2 187-198 May (2002).
A. Castellano, A. D'Innocenzo, C. Pagliara, and F. Raho, "Composition and Origin of Iapygian Pottery from Roca Vecchia, Italy," Archaeometry 38, Part 1 59-66 February (1996).
M. García-Heras, M. J. Blackman, R. Fernández-Ruiz, and R. L. Bishop, "Assessing Ceramic Compositional Data: A Comparison of Total Reflection X-ray Fluorescence and Instrumental Neutron Activation Analysis On Late Iron Age Spanish Celtiberian Ceramics," Archaeometry 43 Part 3 325-348 August (2001).
H. Hatcher, M.S. Tite, and J.N. Walsh, "A Comparison of Inductively-coupled Plasma Emission Spectrometry and Atomic Absorption Spectrometry Analysis on Standard Reeference Silicate Materials and Ceramics," Archaeometry 37, Part 1 83-94 February (1995).
A. Hein, A. Tsolakidou, and H. Mommsen, "Mycenaean Pottery from the Argolid and Achaia - a Mineralogical Approach Where Chemistry Leaves Unanswered Questions," Archaeometry 44 Part 2 177-187 May (2002).
V. Kilikoglou, G. Vekinis, Y. Maniatis, and P.M. Day, "Mechanical Performance of Quartz-tempered Ceramics: Part I, Strength and Toughness," Archaeometry 40, Part 2 261-280 August (1998).
M. P. Mata, D. R. Peacor, and M. D. Gallart-Martí, "Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) Applied to Ancient Pottery," Archaeometry 44 Part 2 155-176 May (2002).
P. Mirti, M. Aceto, and M.C. Preacco Ancona, "Campanian Pottery from Ancient Bruttium (Southern Italy): Scientific Analysis of Local and Imported Products," Archaeometry 40, Part 2 311-330 August (1998).
P. Mirti, A. Casoli, M. Barra Bagnasco, and M.C. Preacco Ancona, "Fine Ware from Locri Epizephiri" a Provenance Study by Inductively Coupled Plasma Emission Spectroscopy," Archaeometry 37, Part 1 41-52 February (1995).
P. Mirti, V. Zelano, R. Aruga, E. Ferrara, and L. Appolonia, "Roman Pottery from Augusta Praetoria (Aosta, Italy): A Provenance Study," Archaeometry 32, Part 2 163-176 August (1990).
H. Neff, Chemical Characterization of Ceramic Pastes in Archaeology, Monographs in World Archaeology, Prehistory Press, Madison, WI (1992). ix + 289pp.
H. Neff, "RQ-mode Principal Components Analysis of Ceramic Compositional Data," Archaeometry 36, Part 1 115-130 February (1994).
A.M. Pollard and H. Hatcher, "The Chemical Analysis of Oriental Ceramic Body Compositions: Part 1: Wares from North China," Archaeometry 36, Part 1 41-62 February (1994).
C.G. Sampson and J.C. Vogel, "Anomalous Carbon-13 Values for Fibre Temper in Ceramics," Archaeometry 39, Part 2 407-414 August (1997).
C. Shriner and M.J. Dorais, "A Comparative Eelctron Microprobe Study of Lerna III and IV Ceramics and Local Clay-Rich Sediments," Archaeometry 41, Part 1 25-50 February (1999).
M. S. Tite, V. Kilikoglou and G. Vekinis, "Strength, Toughness and Thermal Shock Resistance of Ancient Ceramics, and Their Influence On Technological Choice," Archaeometry 43 Part 3 301-324 August (2001).
S.O. Troja, A. Cro, A.M. Gueli, V. La Rosa, P. Mazzoleni, A. Pezzino, and M. Romeo, "Characterization and Thermoluminescence Dating of Prehistoric Pottery Sherds from Melina," Archaeometry 38, Part 1 113-128 February (1996).
J.D. Turner, A.C. Keary, and D.P.S. Peacock, "Drawing Potsherds: A Low-Cost Computer-Based Program," Archaeometry 32, Part 2 1177-182 August (1990).
J. van Klinken, "Magnetization of Ancient Ceramics," Archaeometry 43, Part 1 49-58 February (2001).
G. Vekinis and V. Kilikoglou, "Mechanical Performance of Quartz-tempered Ceramics: Part II, Strength, Wear Resistence, and Applications to Ancient Ceramics," Archaeometry 40, Part 2 281-2292 August (1998).
M. Vendrell-Saz, T. Pradell, J. Molera, and S. Aliaga, "Proto-Campanian and A-Campanian Ceramics: Characterization of the Differences Between the Black Coatings," Archaeometry 33, Part 1 109-118 February (1991).
S.U. Wisseman, "From Pots to People: Ceramic Production in the Ancient Mediterranean," In Ancient Technologies and Archaeological Materials," S.U. Wisseman and W.S. Williams, Editors, Gordon and Breach, Langhorne, PA (1993) pp. 17-40.
C.T. Yap amd Y. Hua, "A Study of Chinese Porcelain Raw Materials for Ding, Xing, Gongxian, and Dehua Wares," Archaeometry 36, Part 1 63-76 February (1994).
See Also: Ceramics: Firing Chemistry; Ceramics: Neutron Activation Analysis; and Ceramics: Petrographic Analysis.
Ceramics: Firing Chemistry
N.A. Eissa, H.A. Sallam and L. Keszthelyi, "Mössbauer Study of Changes in Clays During Firing," Journal Physique (Paris). Colloque 6 569-570 (1974).
J.K. Feathers, "Estimating Original Firing Temperature in Low Fired Prehistoric Ceramics," In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology II, Editors, P.B. Vandiver, J. Druzik and G.S. Wheeler, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh (1990). pp.549-664.
J.K. Feathers, M. Berhane, and L. May, "Firing Analysis of South-Eastern Missouri Indian Pottery Using Iron Mössbauer Spectroscopy," Archaeometry 40, Part 1 59-70 February (1998).
F.H. Goodyear, and "Initial Firing Temperature, Composition, and Provenance of Pottery," Science and Archaeology No.6 12-14 (1971).
J.L. Handy and A.M. Gaines, "The Thermal Behavior of Clays and Possible Methods of Determining Firing Temperatures of Pottery," MASCA Newsletter 11 No.1 4-5 (1975).
J. Hess and I. Perlman, "Mössbauer Spectra of Iron in Ceramics and Their Relation to Pottery Colours," Archaeometry 16 (Part 2) 137-152 (1974).
H. Hodges, Artifacts: An Introductions to Early Materials and Technology, Humanities Press, Atlantic Highlands, NJ and John Baker, London (1981). 251pp.
J.S. Johnson, J. Clark, S. Miller-Antonio, D. Robbins, M.B. Schiffer, and J.M. Skibo, "Effects of Firing Temperature on the Fate of Naturally Occurring Organic Matter in Clays," Journal of Archaeological Science 15 403-414 (1988).
W.D. Kingery and J.D. Frierman, "The Firing Temperature of a Karanova Sherd and Inferences about South-East European Chalcolithic Prefactory Technology," Proceedings of the Prehistory Society 40 204-205 (1974).
A. Kostikas and A. Simopoulos, "Mössbauer Study of Mycenean and Minoan Pottery," Journal Physique (Paris). Colloque 6 537-539 (1974).
A. Lucas, Ancient Egyptian Materials, Fourth Edition, Revised and Enlarged Edition by J.R. Harris, Histories and Mysteries of Man, London (1989, c.1962). xvi + 523pp.
F.R. Matson, "A Study of Temperatures Used in Firing Ancient Mesopotamian Pottery," In Science and Archaeology, M.I.T. Press, Cambridge, MA (1971). pp.65-79.
F.R. Matson, "Archaeological Ceramic Study Possibilities with a Thermal Gradient Furnace," In Archaeological Chemistry, Advances in Chemistry No.138, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1974). pp.34-37.
F.R. Matson, "The Archaeological Present: Near Eastern Village Potters at Work," American Journal of Archaeology 78 No.4 345-347 (1974).
E.L. Ochsenschlager, "Modern Potters at Al-Hiba: With Some Reflections on the Excavated Early Dynastic Pottery," In Monograph IV: Archaeological Survey, Institute of Archaeology, University of California, Los Angeles (1974). pp.149-157.
J.B. Wachtman, Editor, Mechanical and Thermal Properties of Ceramics, U.S. Department of Commerce, Washington, D.C., National Bureau of Standards (1969). vii + 268pp.
See Also: Clay Mineralogy (Part I).
Ceramics: Miscellaneous Methods of Analysis
G.J.P.A. Anders, C.J.A. Jörg, W.B. Stern and N. Anders-Bucher, "On Some Physical Characteristics of Chinese and European Red Wares," Archaeometry 34, Part 2 43-52 February (1992).
E. Andreopoulou-Mangou, “Chemical Analysis of Faience Objects in the National Archaeological Museum,” In New Aspects of Archaeological Science in Greece, R.E. Jones and H.W. Catling, Editors, British School at Athens, Athens (1988) pp. 15-18.
A.M. Bieber, Jr., D.W. Brooks, G. Harbottle, and E.V. Sayre, "Compositonal Groupings of Some Ancient Aegean and Eastern Mediterranean Pottery," (Report, Brookhaven National Laboratory, 18604, 1973), NTIS, Nuclear Science Abstracts 29 No.12 28962 (1974).
J. Boardman and F. Schweizer, "Clay Analyses of Archaic Greek Pottery," Annual of the British School at Athens 68 267-284 (1973).
H.W. Catling, "Analysis of Pottery from the Mycenean Period," Philosophical Transactions of the Royal Society of London. A: Mathematical and Physical Sciences 269 1193 175-178, December 17 (1970).
H.W. Catling and R.E. Jones, "A Reinvestigation of the Provenance of the Inscribed Stirrup Jars found at Thebes," Archaeometry 19 (Part 2). 137-146 (1977).
P.M. Day, “Ceramic Analysis of Pottery Systems: The Case of Minoan Crete,” In New Aspects of Archaeological Science in Greece, R.E. Jones and H.W. Catling, Editors, British School at Athens, Athens (1988) pp. 47-55.
E.G. Garrison, C.R. McGimsey III and O.H. Zinke, "Alpha-recoil Tracks in Archaeological Ceramic Dating," Archaeometry 20 (Part 1). 39-46 (1978).
R.B. Heimann, "A Simple Method for Estimation of the Macroporosity of Ceramic Sherds by a Replica Technique," Archaeometry 19 (Part 1). 55-56 (1977).
R.E. Jones and J.B. Rutter, "Resident Minoan Potters on the Greek Mainland: Pottery Composition Analyses from Ayios Stephanos," Archaeometry 19 (Part 2). 211-219 (1977).
J.B. Lambert, L. Xue, J.M. Weydert, and J.H. Winter, "Oxidation States of Iron in Bahamian Pottery by X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy," Archaeometry 32, Part 1 47-54 February (1990).
D.J. Liddy, “A Chemical Study of Early Iron Age Pottery from North Cemetery, Knossos,” In New Aspects of Archaeological Science in Greece, R.E. Jones and H.W. Catling, Editors, British School at Athens, Athens (1988) pp. 29-32.
F.R. Matson, "The Quantitative Study of Ceramic Materials," In The Application of Quantitative Methods in Archaeology, Editors, R.F. Heizer and S.F. Cook (1960). pp.34-59.
V.V. Morariv, M. Bogdan, and I. Ardelean, "Ancient Pottery: Its Pore Structure," Archaeometry 19 (Part 2). 187-221 (1977).
I.V. Pinto, M.B. Schiffer, S. Smith, and J.M. Skibo, "Effects of Temper on Ceramic Abrasion Resistance: A Preliminary Investigation," Archeomaterials 1 (Part 2) 119-134 (1987).
T.J. Riley, P. Hopke, R. Martin, and J. Porter, "The Diffusion of Technological Knowledge: A Case Study in North American Ceramic Analysis," In Ancient Technologies and Archaeological Materials," S.U. Wisseman and W.S. Williams, Editors, Gordon and Breach, Langhorne, PA (1993) pp. 41-58.
Ceramics: Neutron Activation Analysis
R. Abascal, G. Harbottle, and E.V. Sayre, "Correlation between Terra Cotta Figurines and Pottery from the Valley of Mexico and Source Clays by Activation Analysis," In Archaeological Chemistry, Advances in Chemistry No.138, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1974). pp.81-99.
M. Attas, L. Yaffe, and J.M. Fossey, "Neutron Activation Analysis of Early Bronze Age Pottery from Lake Vouliagméni, Perakhora, Central Greece," Archaeometry 15 (Part 1). 33-43 (1977).
G. Banterla, A. Stenico, M. Terrani, and S. Villani, "Characterization of Samian Ware Sherds by Means of Neutron Activation Analysis," Archaeometry 15 (Part 2). 209-220 (1973).
G.J. Boulle, "Characterization of South West African Potshards by Neutron Activation Analysis of Trace Elements," Journal of Radioanalytical Chemistry 39 No.1 33-44 (1977).
M. Maggetti, H. Westley and J. Olin, “Provenance and Technical Studies of Mexican Majolica Using Elemental and Phase Analysis” In: J. B. Lambert, Editor, Archaeological Chemistry III ACS, Washington, DC (1984). pp. 151-191.
I. Perlman and F. Asaro, "Pottery Analysis by Neutron Activation," Archaeometry 11 21-52 (1969).
I. Perlman, F. Asaro, and H. Michel, "Nuclear Applications in Art and Archaeology," Annual Reviews of Nuclear Science 22 (1972).
E.V. Sayre and P. Meyers, "Nuclear Activation Applied to Material of Art and Archaeology," AATA 8 No.4 112-150 (1971). An annotated bibliography.
R.J. Taylor and V.J. Robinson, "Provenance Studies of African Red Slip Ware Using Neutron Activation Analysis," Archaeometry 38, Part 2 245-256 August (1996).
See Also: Nuclear Analytical Methods (Part IV)
Ceramics: Petrographic Analysis
D.R. Abbott and D.M. Schaller, "Electron Microprobe and Petrographic Analyses of Prehistoric Hohokam Pottery to Determine Ceramic Exchange within the Salt River Valley, Arizona," In Materials Issues in Art and Archaeology II, Editors, P.B. Vandiver, J. Druzik and G.S. Wheeler, Materials Research Society, Pittsburgh, PA (1990). pp.441-458.
I.W. Cornwall and H.W.M. Hodges, "Thin Sections of British Neolithic Pottery: Windmill Hill - A Test Site," Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology 4 29-34 (1964).
M. Farnsworth, "Greek Pottery: A Mineralogical Study," American Journal of Archaeology 68 221-228 (1964).
W.M. Felts, "A Petrographic Examination of Potsherds from Ancient Troy," American Journal of Archaeology 46 237-244 (1942).
Y. Goren, "Shrines and Ceramics in Chalcolithic Israel: the View through the Petrogrpahic Microscope," Archaeometry 37, Part 2 287-306 August (1995).
H.W.M. Hodges, "Thin Sections of Prehistoric Pottery: An Empirical Study," Bulletin of the Institute of Archaeology, University of London 3 58-68 (1962).
W.C. Isphording, "Combined Thermal and X-ray Diffraction Technique for Identification of Ceramic Ware Temper and Paste Minerals," American Antiquity 38 339-444 (1973).
R.B. Mason, "Criteria for the Petrographic Characterization of Stonepaste Ceramics," Archaeometry 37, Part 2 307-322 August (1995).
A.J.N.W. Prag, F. Schweizer, J.L.W. Williams, and P.A. Schubiger, "Hellenistic Glazed Wares from Athens and Southern Italy: Analytical Techniques and Implications," Archaeometry 16 (Part 2). 153-187 (1974).
A. Schmitt, "Amphorae from Lyons: Petrographic and Chemical Arguments," Archaeometry 40, Part 2 293-310 August (1998).
A.O. Shepard, Ceramics for the Archaeologist, Publication 609, Carnegie Institution of Washington, Washington, D.C. (1976, originally published 1956). xxii + 414pp.
A.O. Shepard, "Rio Grande Glaze-Paint Pottery: A Test of Petrographic Analysis," In Ceramics and Man, Editor, F.R. Matson, Aldine, Chicago (1965). pp.62-87.
S.J. Vaughan, "Late Cypriot Base Ring Ware: Studies in Raw Materials and Technology," In Recent Developments in Ceramic Petrology, A. Middleton and I. Freestone, Editors, British Museum Occasional Paper 81, London (1991). pp.337-368.
I.K. Whitbread, "The Characterization of Argillaceous Inclusions in Ceramic Thin Sections," Archaeometry 28 (Part 2) 79-88 (1986).
D.G. Williams, "The Petrology of Ceramics," In The Petrology of Archaeological Artifacts, D.R.C. Kempe and A.P. Harvey, Editors, Oxford (1983). pp.301-329.
See Also: Stone Provenance: Petrographic Analysis.
Ceramics: X-ray Methods
D. Adan-Bayewitz, F. Asaro, and R.D. Giauque, "Determining Pottery Provenance: Application of a New High-precision X-ray Flourescence Method and Comparison with Intrumental Neutron Activation Analysis," Archaeometry 41, Part 1 1-24 February (1999).
V. Francavglia, M.E. Minardi, and A. Palmieri, "Comparative Study of Various Samples of Etruscan Bucchero by X-ray Diffraction, X-ray Spectrometry, and Thermoanalysis," Archaeometry 17 (Part 2). 223-231 (1975).
M. Hall, U. Maeda, and M. Hudson, "Pottery Production on Rishiri Island, Japan: Perspectives from X-ray Fluorescence Studies," Archaeometry 44 Part 2 213-228 May (2002).
V. Mazo-Gray and M. Alvarez, "X-ray Flourescence Characterization of Ming-Dynasty Porcelain Rescued from a Spanish Shipwreck," Archaeometry 34, Part 1 37-42 February (1992).
O.S. Rye, "Pottery Manufacturing Techniques: X-ray Studies," Archaeometry 19 (Part 2). 205-211 (1977).
W.B. Stern and J.-P. Descoeudres, "X-ray Fluorescence Analysis of Archaic Greek Pottery," Archaeometry 19 (Part 1). 73-86 (1977).
J.W. Weymouth, "X-ray Diffraction Analysis of Prehistoric Pottery," American Antiquity 38 339-444 (1973).
J. Bauch and D. Eckstein, "Dendrochronological Dating of Oak Panels of Dutch Seventeenth Century Paintings," Studies in Conservation 15 No.1 45 50 (1970).
M.G.L. Baillie, "The Belfast Oak Chronology to A.D. 1001," Tree-Ring Bulletin 37 1-12 (1977).
M.G.L. Baillie, "Dublin Medieval Dendrochronology," Tree-Ring Bulletin 37 13-20 (1977).
M.G.L. Baillie, "Some Observations on Gaps in Tree-Ring Chronologies," In Proceedings of the Symposium on Archaeological Sciences, A. Aspinall, Editor, University of Bradford, Bradford (1979). pp.19-32.
M.G.L. Baillie, Tree-ring Dating and Archaeology, Croom Helm, London (1982). 274pp.
M.G.L. Baillie, "Irish Dendrochronology and Radiocarbon Calibration," Ulster Journal of Archaeology 48 11-23 (1985).
M.G.L. Baillie, "Marking in Marker Dates: Towards and Archaeology with Historical Precision," World Archaeology 23 No.2 233-243 (1991).
M.G.L. Baillie and D.M. Brown, "Some 17th Century Ulster Dendro-Dates," Archaeology of Ireland 4 No.3 31 (1990).
M.G.L. Baillie and M.A.R. Munro, "Irish Tree-Rings, Santorini and Volcanic Dust Veils," Nature 332 344-346 (1988).
M.G.L. Baillie, J. Hillam, K. Briffa, and D.M. Brown, "Re-dating the English Art-Historical Tree-Ring Chronologies," Nature 315 317-319 (1985).
B. Becker and B. Schmidt, "Extension of the European Oak Chronology to the Past 9224 Years," PACT 29 37-50 (1990).
R.M. Clark, "Bristlecone Pine and Ancient Egypt: A Re-appraisal," Archaeometry 20 (Part I). 5-17 (1978).
R.M. Clark and C. Renfreu, "A Statistical Approach to the Calibration of Floating Tree-ring Chronologies," Archaeometry 15 (Part 2). 255-266 (1973).
R.M. Clark and A. Souray, "Further Statistical Methods for the Calibration of Floating Tree Ring Chronologies," Archaeometry 15 (Part 2). 255 266 (1973).
J. Coles, "Timber and Radiocarbon Dates," Antiquity 49 No.194 (1975).
D. Eckstein, M.G.L. Baillie, and H. Egger, Dendrochronological Dating, Handbook for Archaeologists No.2, European Science Foundation, Strasbourg (1984). vi + 55pp.
J.M. Fletcher, "Relation of Abnormal Early Wood in Oaks to Dendrochronology and Climatology," Nature 254 No.5500 506 507 10 April (1975).
J.M. Fletcher, "Radiocarbon Dating of Medieval, Timber Framed Cruck Cottages," In Scientific Methods in Medieval Archaeology, R. Berger, Editor, University of California Press, Berkeley (1970). pp.141-158
J.M. Fletcher, "Tree Ring Chronologies for the 6th to 16th Centuries for Oaks of Southern and Eastern England," Journal of Archaeological Science 4 No.4 335 352 (1977).
J. Hillam, "A Medieval Oak Tree-Ring Chronology from Southwest England," Tree-Ring Bulletin 40 13-22 (1980).
J. Hillam, "Tree Rings and Archaeology, Some Problems Explained," Journal of Archaeological Science 6 271 278 (1979).
C.J. Hitch, "Dendrochronology and Serendipity," American Scientist 70 No.3 300-305 (1982).
E. Hollstein, Mittel-Europäische Eichenchronologie: Trierer dendrochronologische Forschungen zur Archäologie und Kunstgeschichte, Phillip von Zabern, Mainz am Rhein (1980). xi + 273pp.
B. Huber and V. Giertz, "Central European Dendrochronology for the Middle Ages," In Scientific Methods in Medieval Archaeology, R. Berger, Editor, University of California Press, Berkeley (1970). pp.201-212.
P.I. Kuniholm, “Methods for Collecting Archaeological Wood for Dendrochronological Analysis,” [Typescript]. 2pp.
P.I. Kuniholm and C.L. Striker, "Dendrochronological Investigations in the Aegean and Neighboring Regions, 1977-1982," Journal of Field Archaeology 10 411-420 (1983).
P.I. Kuniholm and C.L. Striker, "Dendrochronological Investigations in the Aegean and Neighboring Regions, 1983-1986," Journal of Field Archaeology 14 385-398 (1987).
V.C. LaMarche, Jr. and K.K. Hirschboeck, "Frost Rings in Trees as Records of Major Volcanic Eruptions," Nature 307 121-126 (1984).
T.E. Lewis, Editor, Tree Rings as Indicators of Ecosystem Health CRC Press, Boca Raton, Florida (1995). 210pp.
L.M. Libby and L.J. Pandolfi, "Tree Thermometers and Commodities: Historic Climate Indicators," In Nuclear and Chemical Dating Techniques: Interpreting the Environmental Record, Editor, L.A. Currie, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1982). pp.245-302.
A. Millard, "Bayesian Approach to Sapwood Estimates and Felling Dates in Dendrochronology," Archaeometry 44 Part 1 137-144 February (2002).
J.R. Pilcher, M.G.L. Baillie, B. Schmidt, and B. Becker, "A 7272-Year Tree-Ring Chronology for Western Europe," Nature 312 150-152 (1984).
F.H. Schweingruber, Tree Rings: Basics and Applications of Dendrochronology, D. Reidel, Dordrecht, Holland (1988). 276pp.
F.H. Schweingruber and U. Ruoff, "Stand und Anwendung der Dendrochronologie in der Schweiz," Zeitschrift für Schweizerische Archaologie und Kunstgeschichte 36 No.2 69 90 (1979).
C.W. Stockton and W.R. Boggess, "Sampling and Precise Dating Requirements for Extracting Isotopic Records from Tree Rings," In Nuclear and Chemical Dating Techniques: Interpreting the Environmental Record, Editor, L.A. Currie, American Chemical Society, Washington, D.C. (1982). pp.225-232.
M.A. Stokes and T.L. Smiley, An Introduction to Tree Ring Dating, University of Chicago Press, Chicago, IL (1968). xiv + 73pp.
H.H. von Leuschner and A. Delorme, "Tree-Ring Work in Göttingen: Absolute Oak Chronologies Back to 6255 B.C.," PACT 2 No.5 (Wood and Archaeology). 123-132 (1988).
See Also: Archaeometry: General References; and Radiocarbon Dating: General References.
N. Angier, “DNA Test Find Meat of Endangered Whales for Sale in Japan,” New York Times 13 September (1994). p. C4.