Martin Luther King Jr vs. Gandhi Method of Non Violence



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Martin Luther King Jr vs. Gandhi

Method of Non Violence

Method of Non violence was the trade mark of both these men. Initially it was Gandhi who was known for his non violence behavior; rather condemn his own party against violence. Gandhi made use of non-cooperation, nonviolent resistance and passive resistance as his "artilleries" in the conflict against Brits. In Indian Punjab, butchery of civilians by British military personnel induced deep trauma to the state, resulting in increased public wrath and acts of ferocity. Mahatma Gandhi criticized both the activities of British Government and the retributory fury of Indians. He authored the declaration extending commiserations to the British victims and excoriating the riots. Though initially his party was against that declaration and but later accept the Gandhi's principal that all ferocity is injurious and could not be rationalized. Inspired by Mahatma Gandhi success with nonviolent activism, Martin Luther traveled to Gandhi place of birth in India in 1959. The trip to India touched King in a profound way, heightening his apprehension of passive resistance and his dedication to America's struggle for civil rights. King said, "Since being in India, I'm more confident than ever before that the technique of passive resistance is the most powerful weapon available to suppressed people in their fight for justice and human self-esteem.



Similarities and Differences

  • Both the men were true leaders and led their nation to get high place in a society

  • Both are the believers of non violent method

  • Martin Luther King had struggled a lot compare to Gandhi , as latter was struggling against a ruling party in his own country while all the nations was behind him to support him on all issues, where as King was struggling against a Black and white phenomenon which was present all around the world at that time.

Gandhi vs. Nelson Mandela

Changing South Africa

Both Nelson Mandela and Gandhi had seen the discrimination that went on in South Africa. Nelson Mandela had a hand as well as Gandhi to see a reconciliation of the people in South African and the Indians there. While Gandhi achieved success in leading the Indian people of India, Nelson Mandela fought for his native South African people. However, as both fought in their own times, each finally came to an agreement with the ruling party in their own lands. For Mandela, this reconciliation didn't happen until after his 27 year imprisonment. Both of these men also worked, once they had reconciled, to bring more things to light in their countries and try to come to some tangible conclusions to help their people.



Similarities and Differences

Both men are noteworthy. One had some problems before he became the man he is known as today. However, both men also worked long after they were in their prime years. Gandhi's legend is said to be one that many people think back on reverently. However, many have never heard of Nelson Mandela. Those who have heard of Nelson Mandela often know only of the anti-apartheid movement.



  • Nelson Mandela began his career adopting Gandhi’s non-violent policies and went on to start an anti-AIDS movement in his country.

  • Gandhi had started out practicing non violence.

  • Nelson Mandela began acting along the lines of non violence at the beginning of his career but used violent methods after he concluded that non-violence yielded no results. He again adopted non-violent methods following his release from prison.

  • Mandela is credited with establishing the ANC rule in South Africa and for establishing anti racial policies in his country.

  • Gandhi was credited with leading a huge non-violent protest against the brutal ruling British Army in the form of encouraging Indians to make their own salt at the seashore rather than pay the British salt tax. He is also credited with leading India into freedom of Indian self rule.


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