■Mao declared the establishment of the People's republic of China
Having great contributions to China in terms of politics, economy, society, ideology and diplomacy, Mao is entitled the Most Influential figure in 20th Century China
Mao Zedong was born on December 26, 1893. In 1920, he became a Marxist. In 1921, he became a founding member of the Chinese Communist Party (CCP). In 1927, the Guomingdang (GMD) fought against the CCP. Mao retreated to Chingkang Mountains. In 1934, he led the long march and consolidated his power. In 1937, the CCP and GMD fought against Japan. After China defeated Japan, a civil war began and the CCP won in 1949 as Mao established the People's Republic of China (PRC). Mao was the chairman. Then he launched the land reforms
and other movements in
950s. He launched the Great Leap Forward in 1958. It failed and Mao temporarily withdrew to the second line. In 1965, Mao thought he lost control. He started the Cultural Revolution to regain his power. Many leaders and people were persecuted. It continued until his death in 1976.
Mao had profound influences over the development of China. He is the most influential figure in terms of politics, society, economy, ideology
Politically speaking, Mao established the PRC. He has been the leader of China for 27 years. He overthrew the corrupted Nanjing Government and created a better ruling power. This paved the way of the modernization of
China under the PRC.
Economically speaking, he launched the land reforms and redistributed the land to the peasants. The landlords, who have hindered the development of China for thousands of years, vanished from the scene. Mao solved this problem and freed the peasants. Furthermore, he helped the mechanization of agricultural production. 0.5 million of machines were introduced. 40% arable land was irrigated. As a result, the industrial and agricultural production had an amazing increase. Industrial production increased by 3800%. Agricultural and industrial production increased by 2.3% and 11% per year respectively. The economy developed rapidly despite the disruption of the Great Leap Forward and Cultural Revolution. This helped the economic reform under Deng Xiaoping rule.
I ■Agricultural program
ndustrial and agricultural production of China
1952 (million tones)
1976 (million tones)
7 (billion kw/hr)
133 (billion kw/hr)
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Growth of 4 countries in industrialization
Economic growth per 10 years
Socially speaking, He raised the education standard. Many schools were built. In 1966-76, the number of students increased from 0.116 billion to 0.15 billion, junior secondary students increased from 15 million to 58 million.
The medical system also improved. The average life span of Chinese increased form 35 years old in 1949 to 65 years old in mid-1970s. China also modernized in
Government did not give democracy to the people; socialism, ironically, was achieved by Mao. Indeed, Sun had great contribution to China as he overthrew the Qing. However, Sun failed to create a stable ruling power. His power was seized by Yuan Shikai. Mao, in contrast, established the PRC and has ruled China for 27 years. Mao had greater influences on China compared with Sun.
Compared with Deng, Mao had more influences in terms of politics and ideology. Mao created the PRC and His thought was the basic principle of the PRC. Deng, on the other hand, focused on economy and had fewer influences on politics. Indeed, Deng contributed a lot on the modernization and the economic development of China. However, the modernization and economic development of Deng were based on the progress of Mao. Socially speaking, Mao raised education level and produced talents. This helped the modernization program of Deng. Diplomatically speaking, the openness policy was based on the progress of Mao in foreign affairs. All in all, the achievements
of Deng was based on the
achievements of Mao. Moreover, Mao had more influences in
politics and ideology.
All in all, Mao Zedong affected China in politics, economy, society, diplomacy and ideology. He is absolutely the most influential figure