Makerere university



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MAKERERE UNIVERSITY

Concept Brief

COOPERATION BETWEEN CHINA NATIONAL MACHINERY INDUSTRY COMPLETE ENGINEERING CORPORATION AND MAKERERE UNIVERSITY FOR INFRASTRUCTURE DEVELOPMENT



UGANDA

July 2011




1.0 BACKGROUND OF THE PROJECT


Higher Education in Uganda has had several transformations: Access to higher education has increased from one public university and less than 7000 students to more than approximately 56,000 by 2005/06;1 Similarly, public universities increased from one to five by 2005/06; Three of these public institutions were upgraded from tertiary and other vocational institutions. Despite this advancement, gross enrolment ration still remains at 3.5% compared to the sub Saharan average of 6%2 and the world average of 24%. Furthermore, these developments have not been matched by increase in resources, indeed public support to higher education reduced from 12% to 9 of the total education sector budget by FY2009/10.
In the case of Makerere University, which has been in existence for more than 80 years, the bulk of the infrastructure 90% was constructed before 1970, similarly the laboratories have not been refurbished since the infrastructure were put in place. At the same time whereas the main campus continues to be congested, several of the university estates is being affected by encroachers, examples of this are Katanga, Kololo and Kabanyolo. The university has taken the initial step to establish governance structures that favour the creation of semi-autonomous units in the form of Colleges. It is expected that these will increase efficiency and effectiveness of university education delivery. More so enable the university prepare for the expected surge of applicants as a result of the UPE and USE outputs that have reached the university entry point.
Government support through the presidential intuitive towards equipping research laboratories in the College of Engineering, Design, Art and Technology has been a welcome move. Similarly the proposed programme for rehabilitation and infrastructure development with ADB support is eagerly awaited. Nonetheless it is clear that the resource requirement for infrastructure rehabilitation and construction, research and knowledge transfer is enormous, and it is important that it is handled from several fronts if we are to uplift the standards of higher education in Uganda to international levels.

2.0 JUSTIFICATION OF THE PROJECT

At the global level it has increasingly been acknowledged that higher education is the vehicle that has the potential to move economies from agrarian subsistence to knowledge based economies (KBE). It has also been acknowledged that the gap between the knowledge base of developed and developing economies is continuously widening (World Bank, 2000). Bloom, Canning, & Chan (2006) have demonstrated that Africa is in danger of being left behind as other countries make gigantic leaps in science and technology enhanced by the information age.


The Government of Uganda has to be at the forefront in supporting higher education to play it role in that enable the country to compete within a globalised environment. The infrastructure development programme provides an avenue to ensure that universities are adequately resourced in fulfilling this role. While access and equity are key aspect of any education system, the concept of quality and completeness of the education provided is fundamental to the eventual application of the knowledge generated and/or attained. This can only be achieved is there is substantial investment by the public sector.

The proposed programme will not only save costs but will also establish Uganda as an exemplar in education that is relevant to development and service needs of the population.


The university emphasis on health and agriculture derives from the national development plan and focus on human development. It is an attempt to balance the knowledge base with the principle requirements for national development. Seventy five percent of the Ugandan population depends on Agriculture this makes agriculture a primary focus for university as part of its efforts to meet the development needs of the Country.
In the case of health, several ‘top notch’ citizens have access to health care at exorbitant rates in continental hospitals in Nairobi and South Africa as well as internal facilities in India. The bulk of the population which is less privileged cannot access these services. The establishment of a teaching hospital creates the opportunity for a larger percentage of the population to access such facilities.
For agriculture and livestock development, these are not only the mainstay of more than 60% of the population but also the prime base for the Ugandan Economy in terms of employment and resource generation. Even in the current state the Agricultural research institute is still the leading destination of farmers and the youth for knowledge transfer in agricultural technologies. Establishing the Agricultural and Environmental Sciences College at the 650 acre facility will have a multiplier effect within the agricultural sector. Similarly the development of a livestock skills development centre will enhance the capacity of productive engagement in the animal and agricultural sector.
Both the Nuclear Science and Technology facility and the Remote Sensing; and National Earth Observation Unit are designed to place the country at a science and technology level commensurate with other developing countries in Africa and Asia. Research under this initiative will be geared towards energy, weather patterns, oil and mineral development.

3.0 PROJECT SCOPE

The project will focus on establishing facilities to accommodate expanded enrolment but also facilitate the relevance of university services to national development in the areas of Agriculture, livestock resources, Health, Education and performing arts.




  1. Off campus infrastructure development in line with the newly established college governance structures-

  2. On campus infrastructure development



4.0 TECHNICAL DESCRIPTION

The proposed project will have two principal components, each of these components will include the relevant technical cooperation with institutions/universities from the People’s Republic of China.




  1. Infrastructure Development Off Campus

This component will have four sub components namely:




  1. The Establishment of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Kabanyolo

  2. The establishment of a teaching hospital within the vicinity of Kampala under the College of Health Sciences

  3. Development of regional centres for the College of Education and External Studies

  4. Development of an animal resources skills development centre in Nakyesasa under the School of Veterinary Medicine




  1. Infrastructure Development On Campus

This component has four sub components




  1. Five facilities for the College of Natural Sciences

  2. Multi-purpose centre for the College of Education and External Studies

  3. Establishment of a Centre for Performing Creative and Screen Arts under the College of Humanities and Social Sciences

  4. Redevelopment of the Gymanisium and Sports Facilities at the Main Campus




  1. Administration and Support

5.0 COMPONENTS AND ACTIVITIES




Component 1: Infrastructure Development Off Campus
This component will have four sub components namely:


  1. The Establishment of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences Kabanyolo

The university envisages moving and establishment of the College of Agricultural and Environmental Sciences at the 650 acre facility in Kabanyolo. The facility is currently operating as the Agricultural Research Institute. Support would go towards:

  1. Construction of an administration block

  2. Construction of Lecture halls

  3. Construction of research laboratories

  4. Out-reach & dissemination centre- skills development

  • Irrigation system: This is for demonstration both Agriculture and Forestry are profitable ventures (Commercial farming)

  • Green house for producing seed materials both for crops and Forestry.

  • Diary processing line

  • Fish ponds and forestry and environmental development



  1. The establishment of a teaching hospital within the vicinity of Kampala under the College of Health Sciences

The proposed teaching hospital will be constructed on Makerere University owned land at Katalemwa, a suburb of Kampala.


The teaching hospital specifications include The proposed teaching hospital shall consist of (but not limited to) the following units:

  1. An Administrative building for the college and the different schools

  2. Lecture theatres and auditorium

  3. Biomedical Sciences Laboratories for purposes of training research and services.

  4. Tutorial rooms – for the delivery of the Problem Based Learning curriculum

  5. Teaching space to accommodate a projected total number of 2000 students (both under graduate and post graduate) for MBChB, Dentistry, Pharmacy, Nursing Sciences, Public health ,etc.

  6. Adequate Outpatient facilities that will comprise of the various clinics both for patient service and student training. Health care is continuing to take on the model of outpatient or ambulatory care. This requires a robust outpatient unit providing adequate space for student clerkships at the various specialized clinics, including a day care surgical unit. Suggest about 50 out pt rooms to cover diff disciplines at a given time

  7. Patient beds of between 1000 – 1500 in patients

  8. Specialized operating theatres

  9. Ambulatory renal dialysis unit

  10. A distinct dental hospital within the teaching hospital complex with its own teaching space, outpatient, inpatient and theatres.

  11. Some Research laboratories – microbiology, hematology, molecular, pharmacology , physiology – esp clinical related research.

  12. Accommodation facilities for graduate clinical students, visiting residents and scholars.

  13. Catering facilities and Recreation facilities for faculty and students

  14. Adequate Parking spaces – for staff and patients, properly demarcated, so staff, students have their space and visitors, patients their space with access restrictions e.g. charged parking slots.

  15. Good airflow, gardens, good ambience




  1. Development of regional centres for the College of Education and External Studies




  1. Regional Centres in Arua, Fort Portal, Hoima, Kabale, Lira, and Soroti these will include :

  1. Offices

  2. Seminar rooms

  3. Library & Reading space

  4. Students Computer lab

  5. Staff Computer lab

  6. Mini Multi- purpose Science Lab

  7. Study materials store




  1. Development of an animal resources skills development centre in Nakyesasa under the School of Veterinary Medicine

The project will finance the rehabilitation and expansion of facilities at the Vet school, current Nakyesasa farm and turn them into prime regional Centres for Skills, and Technology, essential for Production, Employment and Development in the Animal Industry.

Facilities to be developed include


  1. Poultry, diary, apiary and aquaculture production units

  2. Laboratory facilities Poultry, diary, apiary and aquaculture

  3. Bio-security research & appropriate technology development

  4. Mini abattoir and Butchery

  5. Teaching- circulation facilities for the target population




  1. Development a Nuclear Science and Technology Facility




  1. A Collection of buildings for Department of Nuclear Science and Technology. These will range from specialized Nuclear sciences laboratories, lecture rooms, office space, stores research units. The University will identify land for this facility as it needs to be built in a particular location off the main campus


Component 2: Infrastructure Development On Campus
This component has four sub components


  1. College of Natural Sciences

Multipurpose building with three distinct wings to cater for




  1. Biosciences Research Laboratory with Full Equipment in School of Biological Sciences for research in

  • Ethno biology

  • Hydrobiology, Fisheries and Aquaculture

  • Pathology and Parasitology

  • Molecular Genetics, Microbiology and Biotechnology

  • Ecophysiology and conservation

  • Systematics and Evolution Biology

  1. Petroleum Studies Institute with specialized laboratory and field equipment, College Library, 3 Lecture theatres, Conference Hall, and College Administration with underground parking

  2. Center for Astronomy, Space Physics, Remote Sensing; and National Earth Observation Unit fully operational with all the High tech telescopic equipment



  1. Multi-purpose centre for the College of Education and External Studies

The multipurpose facility is designed to enhance teacher education and the capacity to deliver science education in line with the national thrust of improvement in science and technology. This facility was originally designed using internally generate revenue. The process however could not continue due to limited resources. The facility includes



  1. College administrative offices

  2. One-stop service Centre for students

  3. Seminar and lecture rooms to accommodate 4000 students

  4. E Learning Unit

  5. Materials production Unit

  6. Library space

  7. Computer and Science Laboratories for demonstration classes




  1. Establishment of a Centre for Performing Creative and Screen Arts under the College of Humanities and Social Sciences

The Performing Arts Theatre will comprise of main theatre, rehearsal halls and experimental theatre stages, labs for music, studios, radio and television.


The proposed structure will occupy a space of 8,000sq Meters, comprising of Music, Dance, Drama wings, Film, Dance and Music Studios, Auditoriums, Cafeteria, administrative offices, with other support facilities.
Building Specifications Include

  1. 2,000 seat Amplified Hall for large scale productions

  2. 500 seat Acoustical Hall for concert, opera, dance and drama

  3. 350 seat auditorium

  4. 200 seat amphitheatre

  5. Four 200 seat Multi-Purpose Hall for small groups

  6. Rehearsal Hall

  7. Common areas, including plaza, lobby, box office, catering and food service, offices, administrative and service areas

  8. Education space – lecture and seminar rooms




  1. Redevelopment of the Gymnasium and Sports Facilities at the Main Campus

This will serve a dual purpose, provide recreation and sports services for the entire university community, but also act as the academic base for the Bachelor of science sports science.




6.0 REFERENCES

Bloom, D., Canning, D., & Chan, K. (2006). Higher Education and Economic Development in Africa. . Washington D.C.: Human Development Sector Africa Region, Commissioned by the World Bank (AFTHD).



World Bank. (2000). Higher Education in Developing Countries Peril and Promise, the Task Force on Higher Education and Society. . Washington D.C.



1 NCHE State of Higher Education, 2005

2 UNESCO Institute of statistics fact sheet July 2009.No 1 http://www.uis.unesco.org/template/pdf/ged/2009/Fact_Sheet_2009_SSA.pdf


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