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Kelman, I. 2012. Macrobiological Hazards. Version 11, 1 December 2012 (Version 1 was 7 July 2004). Downloaded from
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Environmental phenomena often interact with vulnerable human beings to result in a disaster. One such environmental phenomenon is large animals and plants, also termed macrobiology in order to contrast them with microbiology including viruses, bacteria, and rickettsia. This document lists illustrative examples where human beings or society have had difficulties with macrobiological creatures which are then termed macrobiological hazards. Macrobiological hazards should not be confused with their possible antithesis, macrobiotics.
Bison / Buffaloes 15
Cat and Mouse 17
Cattle (Cows and Bulls) 17
Cattle, Dead 21
Cougars / Mountain Lions 23
Deer, Dead 28
Hymenoptera (e.g. Bees and Wasps) 47
Komodo dragons 52
Moose, Drunken 64
Musk Ox 65
Sea Lions 72
Seaweed, Invasive Mutant 72
Sting Rays 80
Whale Exploding 84
CDC’s National Ag Safety Database, entries related to “Animals” http://www.nasdonline.org/browse/171/animals.html
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Human Dimensions of Wildlife An International Journal, http://www.tandfonline.com/loi/uhdw20
MMWR. 2004. “Nonfatal Motor-Vehicle Animal Crash--Related Injuries --- United States, 2001--2002”. MMWR (Morbidity and Mortality Weekly Report), vol. 53, no. 30 (5 August 2004), pp. 675-678, http://www.cdc.gov/mmwr/preview/mmwrhtml/mm5330a1.htm
Russell, F.F. 1974. “Prevention and Treatment of Venomous Animal Injuries”. Cellular and Molecular Life Sciences, vol. 30, no. 1, pp. 8-12.
Taylor, D.M., K. Ashby, and K. D. Winkel. 2002. “An Analysis of Marine Animal Injuries Presenting to Emergency Departments in Victoria, Australia”. Wilderness and Environmental Medicine, vol. 13, pp. 106-112.
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Last Updated: Friday, 12 May 2006, 10:34 GMT 11:34 UK
Alligator kills jogger in Florida
An alligator killed a woman whose dismembered body was found floating in a canal in Florida, a US medical examiner has concluded.
The body of Yovy Suarez Jimenez, 28, was found in the town of Sunrise on Wednesday - a day after she disappeared while jogging near the canal.
"The alligator attacked her... bit her... and pulled her into the water," medical examiner Dr Joshua Perper said.
A hunt was under way to find and kill the reptile, local officials said.
Dr Perper - who performed the autopsy - said that the alligator "basically amputated" the woman's arms, and bit her on the leg and back.
"She died extremely fast. By the time she was pulled into the water she was already dead," the medical examiner at Broward County said.
No-one is believed to have seen the attack, but some people saw a woman matching Ms Jimenez's description dangling her feet over the canal's edge, reports in the local media say.
The alligator is estimated to be up to 10ft (three metres) long, based on the woman's injuries.
There have been 25 fatal alligator attacks in Florida since 1948, according to Florida's wildlife officials.
Canadian killed by alligator in Georgia
11/10/2007 8:56:47 PM
An 83-year-old Canadian woman has been killed by an alligator in Savannah, Georgia.
A couple found the body of Gwen Williams floating in a lagoon Saturday afternoon, Savannah-Chatham police confirmed in a press release.
Williams was missing her left arm, right hand and right foot.
An autopsy conducted on Tuesday found that the wounds were "consistent with those of an alligator attack."
It also concluded that Williams died from blood loss.
Meanwhile, the eight-foot-long reptile was trapped and killed Tuesday.
"The animal's stomach contents confirmed it as the gator that caused Williams' death," said the press release.
Williams was reportedly house-sitting for a relative. Police don't know where exactly in Canada Williams is from.
A wildlife biologist with the Georgia Department of Natural resources told The Associated Press that Williams is the first person known to have been killed by an alligator in the state since 1980.
The couple that discovered the body was walking on a golf course near the home where Williams was staying. Williams was last seen Friday afternoon.
With files from The Associated Press