M14 Rifle History and Development By Lee Emerson Preface



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Part 3 Notes

1. Ricca, Bill. Bill Ricca estimates that 75,000 to 100,000 of the early version gas cylinders were made by Winchester and the U. S. Springfield Armory. A very few USGI gas cylinders have been found marked with either 1) G then T inside a circle followed by L or 2) S then T inside a circle followed by L or 3) Y then T inside a circle followed by L. Two gas cylinders marked in the first manner were removed by Mr. Bennicas from a Harrington & Richardson marked and sealed cardboard tube dated July, 1962. Based on this information and the opinion of Bill Ricca, these gas cylinder markings are either outside contractor codes or they may indicate completion of a particular manufacturing step.

2. Ricca, Bill. E-mail correspondence with the author.

3. Ricca, Bill. March 06, 2004 post on www.m14forum.com.

4. Smith, Ron. Personal discussion. February 18, 2004.

Addenda

Springfield Armory, Inc. M1A Dates of Manufacture

The following is a list of M1A serial numbers and the month and year the receiver was assembled at or shipped from Springfield Armory, Inc. Some serial numbers were shipped from the factory as bare receivers per request. The month and year of assembly was obtained from either the factory headspace tag or Customer Service at Springfield Armory, Inc. Use of the letter “X” in the serial number denotes that the specific digit was not revealed by the source.

Serial Number Month and Year Comment

002734 04/75

0034XX 01/75 sold as a barreled receiver

0066XX 10/76 sold as a receiver

009334 02/79

0108XX 08/79

014233 07/80

014619 08/80

022482 07/82

0272XX 10/83

030061 12/84

034299 05/85

036945 12/85

047824 03/89

04886X 04/89

050438 07/89

051753 10/89

052122 11/89

053079 12/89

054999 02/90

055491 05/90

0584XX 07/90

061320 10/90

062672 09/91

06812X 02/92

076392 01/94

078191 04/94

0797XX 04/94

081435 06/94

0826XX 07/94

082619 07/94

085735 09/94

089693 03/95

0899XX 03/95

090354 03/95

092371 07/95

0931XX 10/95

097333 05/96

1006XX 03/97 sold as a rear lugged receiver

101285 03/97

1013XX 04/97

1017XX 04/97

102570 05/97

103355 06/97

1065XX 10/97

110125 03/98

110129 03/98

1153XX 02/99

1168XX 06/99

1189XX 07/99

122961 12/99

123035 12/99

1244XX 01/00

126057 03/00

1264XX 05/00

1308XX 12/00

131290 12/00

1340XX 06/01

134855 07/01

137075 11/01

137432 11/01

1400XX 02/02

1403XX 03/02

140898 03/02

141455 03/02

141575 03/02

142118 04/02

142243 04/02

1445XX 06/02

1460XX 09/02

1466XX 08/02

1473XX 09/02

1473XX 10/02

1476XX 09/02

1477XX 09/02

148998 11/02

149645 12/02

1499XX 11/02

150648 12/02

1510XX 12/02

151496 01/03

1515XX 02/03

152377 02/03

15537X 04/03

1570XX 07/03

157036 07/03

157128 07/03

157704 06/03

157735 06/03

1584XX 09/03

1596XX 10/03

1601XX 10/03

16050X 12/03

162053 01/04

1627XX 04/04

162708 02/04 one of the first SOCOM models

162961 03/04

1633XX 04/04

164659 05/04

165747 07/04

1664XX 08/04

166719 08/04

166761 08/04

1669XX 09/04

167417 09/04

1690XX 12/04

1690XX 12/04

2300XX 08/00 verified with Springfield Armory, Inc.

IDF067 07/99

Bibliography

U. S. Military Manuals

Department of the Army, Headquarters. FM 3-21.5 Drill and Ceremonies. Washington, DC: July, 2003. www.adtdl.army.mil/cgi-bin/atdl.dll/fm/3-21.5/toc.htm

Department of the Army, Headquarters. FM 23-8 7.62MM, M14 and M14E2. Washington, DC: May, 1965.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. FM 23-8 M14 and M14A1 Rifles and Rifle Marksmanship. Washington, DC: 15 April 1974.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-10 Operator's Manual for Rifle, 7.62-MM, M14, W/E; M14A1, W/E; M2 Rifle Bipod. Washington, DC: March, 1972.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-12 Operator and Organizational Maintenance Manual 7.62-mm Rifle M14 and Rifle Bipod M2. Washington, DC: May, 1961.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-12 Operator and Organizational Maintenance Manual 7.62-MM Rifle M14 and Rifle Bipod M2. Washington, DC: January, 1963.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-12 Operator and Organizational Maintenance Manual with Repair Parts and Special Tools List for Rifles, M14 and M14E2, and Bipod, Rifle, M2. Washington, DC: 8 February 1965.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-12P Operator’s and Organizational Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tool Lists for Rifle, 7.62-mm, M14 (National Match) and Rifle, 7.62-mm, M14 (M). Washington, DC: 23 February 1968.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-20 Organizational Maintenance Manual including Repairs and Special Tools Lists. Rifle, 7.62-mm, M14, W/E, Rifle 7.62-mm, M14A1, W/E. Bipod, Rifle, M2. Washington, DC: August, 1972.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-34 Direct Support and General Support Maintenance Manual Including Repair Parts and Special Tools Lists (Including Depot Maintenance Repair Parts and Special Tools) Rifle, 7.62-mm, M14, W/E, Rifle, 7.62-mm, M14A1, W/E, Bipod, Rifle, M2. Washington, DC: 2 August 1972.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 9-1005-223-35 Direct Support, Central Support, and Depot Maintenance Manual Including Repair Parts and Special Tools List: Rifle, 7.62-MM: M14, W/E Rifle, 7.62-MM: M14A1, W/E Bipod, Rifle: M2. Washington, DC: July, 1968.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. FM 23-10 Sniper Training. Washington, DC: 17 August 1994.

Department of the Army, Headquarters. TM 43-0001-27 Army Ammunition Data Sheets Small Caliber Ammunition. Washington, DC: December, 1996.

Department of the Navy, United States Marine Corps. TM 02648C-24&P/2 U.S. Marine Corps Technical Manual Organization and Intermediate Maintenance Manual, including repair parts and special tools lists for Rifle, 7.62-MM, M14, DMR W/E. Quantico, VA: July, 2000.

Books about the M14 Type Rifle

Duff, Scott A. and CWO John M. Miller. The M14 Owner's Guide and Match Conditioning Instructions. Scott A. Duff Publications: Export, PA, 1996.

Kuhnhausen, Jerry. The U. S. .30 Caliber Gas Operated Service Rifles A Shop Manual Volumes I & II. VSP Publishers: McCall, Idaho, 1995.

Poyer, Joe. The M-14 Type Rifle A Sporter's and Collector's Guide. North Cape Publications: Tustin, CA, 1997.

Senich, Peter R. The Long-Range War Sniping in Vietnam. Paladin Press: Boulder, CO, 1994.

Stevens, R. Blake. U.S. Rifle M14 from John Garand to the M21. Collector Grade Publications: Cobourg, Ontario, Canada, 1991.

Other Books

Askeland, Donald R. The Science and Engineering of Materials Third Edition. PWS Publishing Company: Boston, 1994.

Culbertson, John J. Operation Tuscaloosa: 2nd Battalion, 5th Marines at An Hoa, 1967. Airtime Publications, 2002.

DeGarmo, E. Paul, J. Temple Black and Ronald A. Kohser. Materials and Processes in Manufacturing 7th Edition. Macmillan Publishing Company: New York, 1988.

Hildreth, Ray and Charles W. Sasser. Hill 488. Pocket Books: New York, 2003.

Jacques, Maurice J. and Major Bruce H. Norton. Sergeant Major, U. S. Marines. Ballantine Books: New York, 1995.

Lewis, Jack, Lt. Col. USMC (retired), Editor. The Gun Digest Book of Assault Weapons. Chapter 11 Springfield's SAR-48. Sheldon Factor / DBI Books: Northbrook, IL, 1986.

Murphy, Edward F. Semper Fi Vietnam From Da Nang To The DMZ Marine Corps Campaigns, 1965-1975. Presidio Press: Novato, CA, 1997.

Party, Boston T. Boston’s Gun Bible. Javelin Press: Ignacio, CO, 2004.

Pegler, Martin and Ramiro Bujeiro. The Military Sniper Since 1914. Osprey Publishing: Oxford, United Kingdom, 2001.

Stevens, R. Blake and Edward C. Ezell. The Black Rifle M16 Retrospective. Collector Grade Publications: Cobourg, Ontario, Canada, 1994.

Vetter, Jr., Lawrence C. Never Without Heroes Marine Third Reconnaissance Battalion in Vietnam, 1965-70. Ivy Books: New York, 1996.

West, Bing. The Village. Pocket Books: New York, 2003.

Magazines

Andrews, Dave, et al. "Smith M-14 National Match Rifle." American Rifleman July, 1991: 48-50.

Benson, Jim. "Fed Ord M14SA Rifle." American Survival Guide September, 1988: 8-10, 66.

Benson, Jim. "M14-K Gun." American Survival Guide October, 1990: 24, 65.

Benson, Jim. "M1A Rifle." American Survival Guide November, 1987: 22-25, 51.

Benson, Jim. "M1A-A1." American Survival Guide December, 1990: 24-25, 62.

Benson, Jim. "M21 Rifles." American Survival Guide June, 1996: 24-25, 78-79.

Benson, Jim. "Super Match M1A Rifle." American Survival Guide February, 1990: 56-58.

Bruce, Robert. "M14 vs. M16 in Vietnam." Small Arms Review April, 2002: 20-23.

Bruce, Robert. "VC / NVA Weapons Photo Album." Small Arms Review March, 2004: 87.

Canfield, Bruce N. "The M14: John Garand's Final Legacy." American Rifleman August, 2002: 48-55, 95.

Cole, Jr., Albert A. "The First M1As." American Rifleman August, 1990: 32-33, 80.

Emerson, Ashley. “Springfield SOCOM Another American Classic?” S.W.A.T. April, 2004: 56-59.

Garavaglia, Louis A. "Snipers in Vietnam Also Need Firepower." American Rifleman January, 1968: 18-20.

Gourley, Scott R. "U S Marines Antiterrorism Task Force." Popular Mechanics January, 2003.

Hackworth, David H. and Eilhys England. "Hopeless to Hardcore Snipers Part II." Soldier of Fortune August, 2002: 58.

Harrison, E. H. “The M14 National Match Rifle.” American Rifleman May, 1966: 46-49.

Howe, Walter J. and E. H. Harrison. "Making the M14 Rifle." American Rifleman February, 1963: 13-20.

Howe, Walter J. and E. H. Harrison. "The M14 Rifle." American Rifleman October, 1961: 17-27.

Karwan, Chuck. ""In Country" With the M14." American Rifleman August, 2002: 60-61, 88-90.

Langham, Robert. "TSRA Rifle Team Teaches Army Squad Designated Marksmen at Camp Bullis." TSRA Sportsman May / June, 2004: 10-11. www.tsrapac.org/Vol_36_3.pdf

McElrath, Daniel T. "M1A, The M14's Successful Sibling." American Rifleman August, 2002: 56-59, 93, 95.

Norrell, James O. E. "U S Military Optics "A New Perspective on Combat."" American Rifleman June, 2003: 52, 80-81.

Owens, Franklin. “Army Lab Adds ART to Sniping.” American Rifleman May, 1969: 47.

Pikula, Sam. "K-Gun." American Survival Guide November, 1997: 22-23, 91.

Shotgun News P. O. Box 1790 Peoria, IL 61656 February 2, 2004: 42. www.shotgunnews.com

Shyne, Michael. "SAR at the War Remnants Museum Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam." Small Arms Review April, 2002: 26-28.

"Smith Arms International." American Survival Guide August, 1994: 15.

Smith, Clint. "M1A A Rifle For Close Spaces or Far Places." Guns July, 2204: 71-75.

Smith, Matt. "Interview with Tim LaFrance of LaFrance Specialties." Small Arms Review August, 2002: 87-89.

Staff Evaluation. "Armscorp M14." American Survival Guide November, 1990: 46.

Stone, David. "American Sniper in Israel." Soldier of Fortune March, 2002: 26.

Thompson, Jim. "Armscorp M-14." American Survival Guide December, 1986: 56-57, 72.

Waite, M. D. “The M1A: Good News for Target Shooters.” American Rifleman March, 1974: 36-37.

Weller, Jac. "U. S. Rifles Do the Job in Vietnam." American Rifleman November, 1968: 18-21.

Williams, Mason. “New Springfield Armory Rifle!” Guns Illustrated 1975: 51-53.



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