Lord of the Flies Chapters 1 – 3 English 10 Making Connections a brief Journal Activity

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Lord of the Flies

Chapters 1 – 3

English 10

Making Connections

A Brief Journal Activity

Leadership is a hot topic in business and politics. What characteristics to people look for in a good leader? Think about the individuals you have known who have been chosen for leadership positions. What skills or personality traits did they have that made them leadership candidates?

Chapters 1 – 3 of the novel are rich with important symbols. Write a complete paragraph that highlights some of the key symbols employed by Golding at the beginning of our book . . . . and talk about what each one means.


Name: ___________________________

Chapter 1 Questions: The Sound of the Shell

  1. Who is the first character we meet?

  1. How did the boys become stranded on the island? Provide evidence from the text.

  1. The wreckage on the island is called a ‘scar’. What type of figurative language is this?

  1. What is “ass-mar”?

  1. What pieces of characterization do we get for Piggy on Page 9?

telling physical details

telling words


how you know:


how you know:

telling actions

other character’s reactions


how you know:


how you know:

  1. How does Ralph react to Piggy in this chapter? Why?

  1. On Page 10, who is the first character to remove a piece of his clothing? Of what is this possibly symbolic?

8. What pieces of characterization do we get for Ralph in this chapter?

telling physical details

telling words


how you know:


how you know:

telling actions

other character’s reactions


how you know:


how you know:

  1. Who has the idea of making a list of names of all of the boys? What does this tell you about this character?

  1. What secret does Piggy share with Ralph on Page 11? What does Ralph do with this information? Why?

  1. Where is Ralph’s father? How about Piggy’s father?

  1. What does Ralph believe his father is going to do for him? How does Ralph reason that this is going to be possible? What do you think about this idea?

  1. Who first sees the conch? Who retrieves it?

  1. Who has the idea of using the conch to call the others to a meeting?

  1. Describe the symbolism of the choir when they appear on Page 19. What might this foreshadow?

  1. How do you know who is in charge of the choir?

  1. What perceived strengths and weaknesses do the boys consider for the following chief candidates?

Boy Candidate






  1. What is the first action that the group of boys decides to take?

  1. How does Jack Merridew react to the election results? How does Ralph react to the election results? What does each reaction tell you about both boys?

  1. Do you think Ralphs reaction to Jack’s reception of the election results was the strategic move of a savvy leader? Why or why not?

  1. On Page 24, we learn it was Simon who fainted with the choir. How do his friends react to his being chosen for the island expedition, and what does this tell us about Simon’s membership in the group?

  1. How does Ralph react to Piggy’s confrontation on Page 25? What does this tell us about Ralph?

  1. What do the boys discover the share the island with on Page 26?

  1. On Page 28, the boys change the landscape of the island . . . how so?

  1. How do the boys handle their encounter with the pig on Page 31? What does Jack say about this?

Name: ___________________________

Chapter 2 Questions: Fire on the Mountain

  1. How do you know that Jack had frustration about the failed first hunt?

  1. List some of the ‘rules’ the boys have agreed upon in their meeting:


  1. Coral Island is referred to by the boys when Ralph asserts that, “This is our island. It’s a good island. Until the grownups come to fetch us we’ll have fun.” Do you believe the boys understand the true gravity of their situation?

  1. The smaller boys have a safety concern that they share at the meeting. The boy with the birthmark is their spokesperson. What is it?

  1. What do the ‘creepers’ and the ‘Beastie’ symbolize?

  1. What big idea does Ralph share in the first meeting? Is this a valuable idea? How do the other boys feel about it, and how do you know?

  1. The momentum of building the fire comes to a screeching halt when the boys realize they don’t have a spark. Who is it that makes the decision to use Piggy’s specs? Who actually starts the fire? What might this mean?

  1. What do the specs symbolize?

  1. When Jack asserts that, “The conch doesn’t count on top of the mountain – so you shut up.” is significant for what reason?

  1. Jack is the leader of the hunters. Who are his charges?

  1. What two services have the hunters volunteered to provide to the group? Why is it important?

  1. Piggy’s comment that, “You got your small fire all right”, is an example of:

    1. foreshadowing

    2. dramatic irony

    3. verbal irony

    4. allusion

  1. How did the raging fire make the boys feel? How do you know?

  1. Read Piggy’s tirade: “I got the conch! Just you listen! The first thign we ought to have made was shelters down there by the beach. It wasn’t half cold down there in the night. But the first time Ralph says ‘fire’ you goes howling and screaming up this here mountain. Like a pack of kids! How can you expect to be rescued if you don’t put first things first and act proper? Then when you get her you build a bonfire that isn’t no use. Now you been and set the whole island of fire. Won’t we look funny if the whole island burns up? Cooked fruit, that’s what we’ll have to eat, and roast pork. And that’s nothing to laugh at! You said Ralph was chief and then you don’t give him time to think. Then when he says something, you rush off, like, like – And that’s not all. Them kids. The little ‘uns. Who took any notice of ‘em? Who knows how many we got?”

A. What is unusual about Piggy’s wording?

B. About what is Piggy wrong?

  1. What disturbing observation does Piggy make? How do the other boys react?

  1. What might the fact that this chapter ends with a drum roll signify?

Name: ___________________________

Chapter 3 Questions: Huts on the Beach

  1. Considering the beginning of this chapter, why do you think Golding chooses to characterize Jack by giving him red hair and a black cloak? Justify your position.

  1. Describe the shelters the boys were putting together:

  1. Which boys were working on building the huts? What were the rest of the boys doing?

  1. What do Jack and Ralph argue about? Who do you believe is correct?

  1. For what psychological reason does Ralph want to build the shelters?

  1. Which character ‘senses’ that, perhaps, the island is “not a good island”?

  1. How does Jack add to the fear of Beasties/Snake things? Why does he do so?

  1. In Chapter 1, Jack volunteers to watch the fire and keep lookout . . . without being asked. In Chapter 2, when Ralph reminds him of his duties, Jack interjects, “You and your fire!” What does his word choice tell you about his priorities?

  1. What realization does Piggy come to about ‘people’? Do you agree or disagree?

  1. What pieces of characterization do we get for Simon up to this point?

telling physical details

telling words


how you know:


how you know:

telling actions

other character’s reactions


how you know:


how you know:

  1. Simon is unique and different. Can you explain how this is so?

Lord of the Flies

Chapters 4 – 6

English 10

Making Connections

A Brief Journal Activity

Golding has carefully crafted his characters in this novel. Write a thoughtful character summary of Jack, Piggy, or Ralph. Be sure to consider the characters looks, actions, words, and how other characters react to him.

Fear is a powerful emotion for both animals and humans. Consider what you know about fear from your own life and observations. How does fear affect a person’s thinking, actions, and emotions?


Chapter 4 Questions: Painted Faces and Long Hair

  1. How is Percival handling the stress of being stranded on the island? How do you know?

  1. What two groups have developed on the island based on age?

  1. Describe what life is like for little’uns?

  1. What is significant about the sand castle scene involving Henry, Percival, and Johnny? (Be sure to name the two biguns involved in the incident).

  1. What have we learned about Roger AND how do we know?

  1. Why do you think the title was chosen for this chapter? What does it symbolize?

  1. How do the boys act on Page 64? Why?

  1. Evaluate Piggy’s idea of building a sundial. What motivates this desire? How useful would it be to the boys?

  1. What do we learn about the relationship between Ralph and Piggy by the excerpt:

Ralph turned and smiled involuntarily. Piggy was a bore; his fat, his ass-mar, and his matter-of-fact ideas were dull, but there was always a little pleasure to be got out of pulling his leg, even if one did it by accident.

Piggy saw the smile and misinterpreted it as friendliness. There had grown up tacitly among the biguns the opinion that Piggy was an outsider, not only by accent, which did not matter, but by fat, and ass-mar, and specs, and certain disinclination for manual labor. Now, finding that something he had said made Ralph smile, he rejoiced and pressed his advantage.”

  1. How has the boys’ plan panned out from the fire on the mountain? Where were the hunters who volunteered to both A)look out for a ship and B)keep the fire going?

  1. Kill the pig. Cut her throat. Spill her blood.” How would you compare this chant to the drum roll that ended Chapter 2?

  1. What role did Jack play in the hunt?

  1. Ralph and Jack have a conflict that borders on violence. Instead of assaulting Ralph, what does Jack do? What kind of a person does this?

  1. How does the conflict end? How do the hunters react to the resolution?

  1. How does Jack sneakily pick on Piggy? (called passive-aggression)

  1. How does Piggy react to Jack’s taunting? Does his reaction hurt or help the situation?

  1. How do you feel about Ralph’s decision to eat the meat from the hunt? How does it affect his credibility as chief?

  1. How does Chapter 4 end?

Name: ________________________
Chapter 5 Questions: Beast from the Water

  1. In what area does Ralph admit Piggy’s superiority?

  1. Analyze Ralph’s main points of concern during the assembly:

  1. Evaluate Ralph’s points: what is happening to the lifestyle of the boys? Review Ralph’s statement, “Things are breaking up. I don’t understand why. We began well; we were happy, and then . . .” Why do you think things are ‘breaking up’?

  1. How does the conversation about fear in the meeting affect the overall morale of the boys?

  1. Piggy points out that there is only one ‘predator’ that could truly harm the boys . . . and it isn’t snakes, beasties, or animals. What is it? (Write the direct quote)

  1. How does Maurice ‘save’ the meeting for the little ones?

  1. Why does Percival’s assertion (the title of this chapter) affect the boys so completely?

  1. What do you believe Simon is trying to communicate when he begins to say, “Maybe it is only us?” and “We could be sort of . . .” and “What’s the dirtiest thing you can thing of?”

  1. Why does Ralph say that following the rules is important? Do you agree? Why or why not?

  1. Why doesn’t Ralph blow the conch to get the boys to return to the meeting when they’ve run down to the beach?

  1. What does Simon say to Ralph’s suggestion that he give up the position of chief? What does Piggy say to this idea? Do you think he should remain chief or resign? Why?

  1. Piggy’s and Ralph’s dialogue, “Grownups know things. They ain’t afraid of the dark. They’d meet and have tea and discuss. Then things ‘ud be all right . . . They wouldn’t set fire to the island. Or lose - . They’d build a ship -. They wouldn’t quarrel, or talk about a beast.” is an example of:

    1. Situational irony

    2. Cosmic irony

    3. Allusion

    4. Allegory

  1. Explain your choice for #12.

Name: ________________________

Chapter 6 Questions: Beast from the air

  1. What frightens Samneric on the mountain while the are on fire duty?

  1. What do spears sharpened on both ends symbolize? How are they different from spears sharpened on one end?

  1. What has Jack declared about the conch? What does this foreshadow?

  1. Which boy volunteers to search the uncharted tip of the island for the Beastie first? Which character joins him?

  1. The description, “A strange thing happened in his (Ralph’s) head. Something flittered there in front of his mind like a bat’s wing, obscuring his idea.” reminds the reader about what weakness of the chief?

  1. Based on the context, “We could build a wizard fort!” what do you think ‘wizard’ means to the British?

  1. After reading the second to last line at the end of the chapter, interpret how the boys are feeling about Ralph’s leadership:

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