Look at the multiple choice questions and answers and try to figure out what words and ideas are repeated over and over again. Make an inference



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Look at the multiple choice questions and answers and try to figure out what words and ideas are repeated over and over again.

Make an inference: what do you need to remember about the Chinese Communist Revolution for the multiple choice section of the regents exam? Use your inferences to create flashcards for the following key ideas and concepts. Write these ideas/concepts/questions on one side of the card and write information or answers on the other side of the card.

Flashcards:

  • The Chinese Communist Revolution: Causes

  • Mao Zedong

  • The Four Modernizations (Deng Xiaoping)

  • Tiananmen Square


The Chinese Communist Revolution
Which factor most helped Communist Party forces gain control of China after World War II?

(1) The United States sent weapons to the Communists.

(2) The Japanese gave economic aid to the Nationalists.

(3) The Communists gained the support of China’s peasant class.



(4) The Chinese Nationalists set up their own government in Taiwan.
The Communist Revolution in China differed from the 19th-century Marxist ideals because this revolution was primarily supported by the

(1) warlords

(2) peasants



(3) factory owners

(4) gentry
Mao Zedong

What was one social change Mao Zedong instituted in China after 1949?

(1) granting legal equality for men and women

(2) requiring arranged marriages

(3) adopting the practice of foot binding

(4) mandating Confucianism as the state philosophy
Which pair of leaders used political purges, including the killing of opposition groups, as a means of maintaining control of the government?

(1) Sun Yixian (Sun Yat-sen) and Emperor Hirohito

(2) Joseph Stalin and Mao Zedong



(3) Simón Bolívar and Bernardo O’Higgins

(4) F. W. de Klerk and Indira Gandhi
One way in which Joseph Stalin’s five-year plans and Mao Zedong’s Great Leap Forward are similar is that both plans were

(1) efforts to reduce human rights violations

(2) policies to improve relations with the West

(3) methods used to control population growth

(4) attempts to increase agricultural and industrial production


One way in which the Great Leap Forward and the Four Modernizations are similar is that each was an attempt to

(1) increase farm and factory output



(2) develop a democratic government

(3) strengthen economic ties with communist neighbors

(4) reduce the gap between rich and poor
Base your answers to questions 35 and 36 on the passage below and on your knowledge of social studies.

. . . (1) Internally, arouse the masses of the people. That is, unite the working class, the peasantry, the urban petty bourgeoisie and the national bourgeoisie, form a domestic united front under the leadership of the working class, and advance from this to the establishment of a state which is a people’s democratic dictatorship under the leadership of the working class and based on the alliance of workers and peasants.

(2) Externally, unite in a common struggle with those nations of the world which treat us as equals and unite with the peoples of all countries. That is, ally ourselves with the Soviet Union, with the People’s Democracies and with the proletariat and the broad masses of the people in all other countries, and form an international united front. . . .

Source: Mao Tse-Tung [Mao Zedong], Selected Works, Volume Five, 1945–1949, New York International Publishers


In this passage, Mao Zedong is suggesting that China

(1) create a government under the leadership of industrialists

(2) give up its independence and become a part of the Soviet Union

(3) rely on the United Nations for economic aid

(4) join with the Soviet Union as a partner in communism


In this passage, Mao Zedong is using the ideas of

  1. Thomas Malthus

(2) Adam Smith

(3) Karl Marx



(4) Jiang Jieshi (Chiang Kai-Shek)
The Four Modernizations (Deng Xiaoping)

The Four Modernizations of Deng Xiaoping in the 1970s and 1980s resulted in



(1) an emphasis on the Five Relationships

(2) a return to Maoist revolutionary principles

(3) a move toward increased capitalism



(4) the end of the communist system of government
One similarity between Mikhail Gorbachev’s perestroika and Deng Xiaoping’s Four Modernizations is that each

  1. allowed elements of capitalism

(2) maintained the democratic process

(3) strengthened communism

(4) increased global tensions
One way in which the Great Leap Forward and the Four Modernizations are similar is that each was an attempt to

(1) increase farm and factory output



(2) develop a democratic government

(3) strengthen economic ties with communist neighbors

(4) reduce the gap between rich and poor
In China, Deng Xiaoping’s Four Modernizations led to

(1) a decrease in industrialization

(2) a decreased interest in investments by foreign businesses

(4) an increased use of free-market practices



Tiananmen Square

Which event in China is symbolized by the “Lady with the Light”?



  1. Long March

(2) Great Leap Forward

(3) Cultural Revolution

(4) Tiananmen Square protests


In 1989, the government of China responded to the challenge of protests in Tiananmen Square by

(1) halting trade with the West

(2) allowing democratic elections

(3) sending in tanks and troops to end the demonstrations



(4) calling for a special session of the United Nations Security Council
A similarity between the Polish group Solidarity in 1980 and the Chinese protesters in Tiananmen Square in 1989 is that both groups

(1) supported movements for democracy



(2) succeeded in ending communism

(3) encouraged military occupation by the Soviet Union

(4) favored increases in military spending


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