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The Holocaust Notes

  1. Hitler’s Goals

    1. Create lebensraum or “living space” for Germans who he considered racially superior

    2. Destroy or enslave all people he found inferior (mainly the Jews, but also Slavs, Gypsies, mentally/physically disabled)

  2. Boycotts and Violence

    1. Genocide is the attempt to destroy an entire ethnic or religious group (Hitler committed genocide against the Jews)

    2. Nuremberg Laws - Hitler limited the rights of Jews, called for boycotts of their businesses and encouraged violence against them

    3. Kristallnacht (Night of the Broken Glass) – organized violence began against the Jews when thousands of Jewish synagogues, businesses, cemeteries, schools, and homes were destroyed

    4. The next day 30,000 Jews were arrested for being Jewish and more restrictive laws on Jews and Jewish businesses began

    5. Jews were forced to live in separate areas called ghettos

  3. The Final Solution

    1. The Final Solution – Hitler’s decision to kill all the Jews

    2. Concentration camps – death camps set up to kill Jews more efficiently

    3. At mass extermination camps, like Auschwitz, Jews were starved, shot, or gassed to death

    4. By 1945 over 6,000,000 Jews were killed in the Holocaust

  4. Nuremberg Trials

    1. The Holocaust is an example of an extreme violation of human rights or a “crime against humanity

    2. Nuremberg Trials were held after WWII to hold Nazi leaders accountable for the atrocities committed during the Holocaust

    3. War crime trials demonstrated that leaders could be held accountable for their actions during war


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