|List of Frederick Douglass’s Masters
1818-1825 Lived on the “Great House Farm” plantation of Colonel Edward Lloyd; master was Captain Anthony (1),
Colonel Lloyd’s clerk.
1825 Moved to Baltimore, Maryland, home of Mr. Hugh Auld (2), brother of Colonel Lloyd’s son-in-law,
Captain Thomas Auld.
March Mrs. Lucretia & Master Andrew have both died; Master Thomas Auld, Lucretia’s husband, remarries
1832 & has a misunderstanding w/ Master Hugh. As punishment of Hugh, Frederick goes to live w/
Master Thomas (3) in St. Michael’s, Maryland. Master Thomas is not as good a master--feeds slaves little.
Jan. 1, 1833 Sent to Mr. Covey (4) as he was known as a slave breaker.
Jan. 1, Moved to home of Mr. William Freeland (5). He was “an educated southern gentleman” and much kinder
1834 to the slaves. Frederick begins a Sabbath school for slaves; if they were caught they would be whipped.
Jan. Mr. Freeland again hires Frederick from his master. Frederick & several other slaves plot an escape
1835 but are discovered and sent to jail. For a reason unknown to Frederick, Master Thomas Auld decides to
send him back to Baltimore to Hugh Auld (6).
1835 Sent to learn the trade of caulking at a shipyard; severely injured in fight with white carpenters;
Mr. Hugh Auld takes Frederick to work in shipyard where he is foreman; Frederick learns quickly and is
soon earning wages which he must turn over to Master Hugh Auld.
Spring 1838 Frederick applies to Master Thomas to allow him to hire his time; refuses; however, later Hugh
agrees making a deal which guarantees him more money. Frederick agrees Thomas to the plan since it
is the only way he can earn money to escape. When Frederick goes out of the city on work without
permission, Master Hugh tells him to “bring my tools and clothing home forthwith” (p. 109). This makes
Frederick more committed to find a way to escape.