Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness



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Thomas Jefferson used the phrase, “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” in the Declaration of Independence. A similar phrase was first developed by John Locke
In Rousseau’s concept of a social contract, an entire society agrees to be governed by its general will.
Montesquieu’s most lasting contribution to political thought was his analysis of the governmental system of checks and balances.
The advances in science during the 1600s led Enlightenment philosophers to believe that human ideas and institutions could be understood through: Reason and natural laws
One similarity of the Scientific Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment is that both emphasized the value of human reasoning
Enlightenment philosophers such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau encouraged people to engage in revolutions to establish democratic governments.

Rousseau wrote The Social Contract, it influenced the American and French governments because they supported movements for social and political change.


one idea that the leaders of the American Revolution shared with Enlightenment thinkers was that The people have the right to overthrow their government if it abuses its powers.
The call for the fall of the absolute monarchy in France was influenced by enlightenment ideas
Laissiez-faire is the idea that Government should stay out of the economy to allow the free play of natural economic forces.
US Colonists believed they had a right to rebel against Britain because taxes were imposed without their consent.
The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of government come from those who are governed
Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in changing the relationship between people and their government

John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support a society in which the people chose the ruler

During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they examined natural laws governing the universe

A major concept promoted by philosophers of the Enlightenment was the need for the use of reason for rational and logical thinking

Isaac Newton’s universal law of gravitation showed how one law could explain all motion in the universe.

Montesquieu’s beliefs about government is that no one person should have too much power in a government

Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientists should use the scientific method (inductive reasoning)
The application of science and reason to understanding the world resulted in the 1700s being known as the Age of Enlightenment
the following are ideas from the Enlightenment

People have natural rights

Problems could be solved by using reason

Government should serve the people
John Locke’s ideas suggest that people were molded by their experiences.
According to the Enlightenment philosophers, all people have rights given to them at Birth
The idea of natural rights is best defined as rights belonging to all people because they are human
Adam Smith believed that individuals should be free to pursue their economic self-interests without government interference
Enlightenment and Revolution Quiz review
Thomas Jefferson used the phrase, “Life, Liberty, and the Pursuit of Happiness” in the Declaration of Independence. A similar phrase was first developed by _____________
In Rousseau’s concept of a social contract, an entire society agrees to be governed by its _______________________
Montesquieu’s most lasting contribution to political thought was his analysis of the governmental system of _____________ and _______________
The advances in science during the 1600s led Enlightenment philosophers to believe that human ideas and institutions could be understood through: _____________and __________________
One similarity of the Scientific Revolution and the Age of Enlightenment is that both emphasized the value of ____________________________
Enlightenment philosophers such as John Locke and Jean-Jacques Rousseau encouraged people to engage in __________________ to _____________________ governments.

Rousseau wrote The Social Contract, it influenced the ________________ and ______________ governments because they supported movements for _____________and _______________ change.


One idea that the leaders of the American Revolution shared with Enlightenment thinkers was that the people have the right to __________________ their government if it _____________ _______________
The call for the fall of the absolute monarchy in France was influenced by _________________________ ideas
Laissiez-faire is the idea that Government should ___________ of the _____________________ to allow the free play of natural economic forces.
US Colonists believed they had a right to rebel against Britain because _____________ were imposed without _________________________.
The Enlightenment philosophers believed that the power of government come from those who are __________________
Writers of the Enlightenment were primarily interested in changing the relationship between ________________ and their ____________________

John Locke and Jean Jacques Rousseau would be most likely to support a society in which the ____________________________________________________

During the Scientific Revolution and the Enlightenment, one similarity in the work of many scientists and philosophers was that they examined _______________________ governing the universe

A major concept promoted by philosophers of the Enlightenment was the need for the use of ______________ for _____________ and _______________ thinking

Isaac Newton’s universal law of gravitation showed how one law could explain _______________ in the _________________

Montesquieu’s beliefs about government is that no ______________ should have too much ____________________ in a government

Francis Bacon, an English philosopher, believed scientists should use the ________________________ (inductive reasoning)
The application of science and reason to understanding the world resulted in the 1700s being known as the _______________________________________
The following are ideas from the Enlightenment


  • ____________________________________

  • ____________________________________

  • ____________________________________

John Locke’s ideas suggest that people were _________________________________________


According to the Enlightenment philosophers, all people have rights given to them at _________
The idea of _____________________ is best defined as rights belonging to all people because they are human
___________________ believed that individuals should be free to pursue their economic self-interests without government interference


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