Life in New France

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SS9 – Crossroads

- Arrival4 – Life in New France

Life in New France

The social system in New France was similar to the old feudal system where French lords (seigneurs) own the land and the habitants or peasant farmers, cultivated the land in exchange for rent and services.

The peasant farmers of New France were more prosperous than their European counterparts and often supplemented their income by working part time in the fur trade.
The Habitants lived farming lifestyle that followed the season. They supplemented their diet and income with the natural wealth of the new world such as furs, fish and local berries.
The Habitants quickly developed their own culture and traditions that were a reflection of their European roots, Catholic beliefs and their N. American lifestyle.
Soon small town began to grow along the St. Lawrence River, the largest such as Quebec City and Montreal were important military or strategic locations. These military bases were used to protect France’s interests in N. America from the Native populations, the English and eventually the Americans.

SS9 – Crossroads

- Arrival4 – Life in New France

Life in New France

Directions: Read pages 239-244 in your text Crossroads – A Meeting of Nations.
1. On a separate piece of paper, provide definitions for the following terms;
Seigneury Habitants Militia

Amenities Emissaries
2. On a separate piece of paper, answer the following questions using COMPLETE

a) Who were the Habitants and why do you think they developed a more independent

attitude than their European counterparts? (2 mks for explanation and quality

of thought)
b) Describe the role of the Seigneury in New France. (2 mks for quality of explanation)
c) In your own words, describe the life of a Habitant farmer over the course of a typical

year. (2 mks for quality of thought and details)

d) Explain the role of women in New France and provide an example of successful woman

from this period. (2 mks for description and example)

3. Examine the chart on Immigration to New France found on page 244 of your text and create your own line graph showing the immigration rates between the years 1630 and 1759. Be sure to use different colors for the three lines,

one for men, women and the total.

You will be marked out of 5 for the accuracy of your graph,

and out of 3 for quality of work for a total of 8 marks.

Total :____ /21

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