|Lesson Title: The Massachusetts Bay Colony Pages: 188-193
A group of English colonists, called Puritans, founded the Massachusetts Bay Colony
Puritan— a member of the Church of England who settled in North America to follow Christian beliefs in a more “pure” way.
charter— an official paper in which certain rights are given by a government to a person, group, or business.
common- an open area where sheep and cattle graze; village green.
specialize- to work at one kind of job and do it well
town meeting- an assembly in the New England colonies in which male landowners could take part in government.
public office- a job a person is elected to.
1. John Winthrop led a settlement of Puritans to Massachusetts Bay and served as the colony’s first governor.
2. Puritans founded the first community schools in the colonies.
3. The meetinghouse served as the center of the village, a place where church services and town meetings were held.
Lesson Title: New Ideas, New Colonies Pages: 194-199
Events led some Massachusetts Bay colonists to form new colonies nearby (Rhode Island, Connecticut, New Hampshire.)
expel— to force to leave.
sedition—speech or behavior that causes other people to work against the government.
frontier— the land that lies beyond settled areas
1. Roger Williams founded Providence after being expelled from the Massachusetts Bay Colony.
2. Anne Hutchinson was found guilty of sedition and later founded a settlement near Providence.
3. Thomas Hooker was instrumental in writing the Fundamental Orders for the colony of Connecticut.
4. New Hampshire was founded by settlers seeking better farmland.
5. Land disputes between settlers and Native Americans led to war.
Lesson Title: New England’s Economy Pages: 200-204
New England’s economy depended mostly on resources found in the ocean (whaling/fishing) and in the forests (trading/shipbuilding.)
industry— all the businesses that make one kind of product or provide one kind of service.
export- a product that leaves a country.
import— a product that is brought into a country
triangular trade route – a shipping route that linked England, the English colonies in North America, and the west coast of Africa, forming an imaginary triangle in the Atlantic Ocean.
naval store— a product that is used to build and repair a ship.
1. The fishing and whaling industries brought great prosperity to New England in the 1700s.
2. Ships followed triangular trade routes in carrying raw materials from the Americas, manufactured goods from England, and slaves from Africa.
3. The shipbuilding industry was very successful in New England because lumber was plentiful.