Leadership for Feminist Movement Building: An Intergenerational Conversation on Theory, Practice and Philanthropy Stanford University

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Articles about New Models for Philanthropy

Achieve, Millennial Donor Report 2011

Available at:


For the 2011 Millennial Donors Study, Achieve and Johnson, Grossnickle and Associates (JGA) received survey responses from nearly 3,000 people between the ages of 20 and 35 from across the United States about their giving habits and volunteer preferences. The results of this year’s survey support last year’s thesis that, in many ways, Millennial donors want to be approached differently than their predecessors and yet with the same level of respect and the same kind of connections to leadership.

Laura Arrillaga-Andreesen, Giving 2.0: Transform Your Giving and Our World (Jossey-Bass 2012).

Through dozens of real-world stories, Giving 2.0 shows how everyone can find innovative and powerful methods to give their time, money, and expertise-whether volunteering and fundraising, leveraging technology and social media, creating social innovation. or starting a giving circle, fund, foundation, nonprofit, or advocacy group.

Suzie Boss, What's Next: Tweets for Change, Stanford Social Innovation Review (Summer 2009)

Available at: http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/whats_next_tweets_for_change/

Tweeters come together for spontaneous gatherings of like-minded philanthropists.

Paul Brest, The Power of Theories of Change, Stanford Social Innovation Review (Spring 2010).

Available at: http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/the_power_of_theories_of_change/

Improving the lives of disadvantaged populations—whether through better schools, after-school programs, or teen pregnancy prevention clinics—requires proven theories of change. The very development of a field depends on their diffusion, replication, critique, and modification. Yet some organizations refuse to articulate a theory of change and some funders think it would be intrusive to demand that they do so. The interests of all concerned are served by a developmental approach to creating and evaluating theories of change.

Elayne Clift, Women, Philanthropy, and Social Change: Visions for a Just Society (University Press of New England 2005).

A collection of essays designed to show the hidden history of women's involvement in the nonprofit world and discusses how women are using philanthropy to achieve social change.

Crutchfield and Grant, Forces for Good: The Six Practices of High-Impact Nonprofits (Jossey-Bass 2008)

Explores the practices of high-impact nonprofits through twelve organizations, and their impact on social change.

Eisner, Grimm, Maynard and Washburn, The New Volunteer Workforce, Stanford Social Innovation Review (Winter 2009).

Available at: http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/the_new_volunteer_workforce/

"A new generation of young professionals raised with community service as part of their everyday life will create a broad pool of potential volunteers — a tremendous opportunity for the sector, but only if it learns to successfully engage them."

Allison Fine, Momentum: Igniting Social Change in the Connected Age (Jossey-Bass 2006).

Fine chronicles the ways that social media are facilitating more connected and effective activism.

James Irvine Foundation, Convergence Report: How Five Trends will Reshape the Social Sector (2009).

Available at: http://www.irvine.org/images/stories/pdf/eval/convergencereport.pdf

This report highlights five key trends and how their coming together will shape the social sector of the future. Based on extensive review of existing research and in-depth interviews with thought leaders and nonprofit leaders and activists, it explores the trends (Demographic Shifts; Technological Advances; Networks Enabling Work to be Organized in New Ways; Rising Interest in Civic Engagement and Volunteerism; and Blurring of Sector Boundaries) and looks at the ways nonprofits can successfully navigate the changes.

Mark Kramer, Catalytic Philanthropy Stanford Social Innovation Review (Fall 2009).

Available at: http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/catalytic_philanthropy/

Despite spending vast amounts of money and helping to create the world’s largest nonprofit sector, philanthropists have fallen far short of solving America’s most pressing problems. What the nation needs is “catalytic philanthropy”—a new approach that is already being practiced by some of the most innovative donors.

Monitor Institute, What's Next for Philanthropy: Acting Bigger and Adapting Better in a Networked World (2010).

Available at:


It highlights the changing context in which funders now operate, and identifies ten emerging next practices that can help funders of all sorts increase their impact over the coming decade. What's Next for Philanthropy argues that while the cutting edge of philanthropic innovation over the last decade has been mostly about improving the effectiveness, efficiency, and responsiveness of individual organizations, the next practices of the coming 10 years will have to build on those efforts to include an additional focus on coordination and adaption—acting bigger and adapting better.

Monitor Institute, Investing for Social & Environmental Impact: A Design for Catalyzing an Emerging Industry (2009).

Available at: http://www.monitorinstitute.com/impactinvesting/

The report examines how impact investing has developed and how it might evolve. It also provides a blueprint of initiatives that could help catalyze impact investing so the industry delivers on its promise for addressing global challenges.

Monitor Institute, Intentional Innovation: How Getting More Systematic about Innovation Could Improve Philanthropy and Increase Social Impact (2008).

Available at: http://www.monitorinstitute.com/downloads/IntentionalInnovation-FullReport.pdf

The report shares the findings of a year-long project with the Kellogg Foundation that aimed to understand the growing body of literature and practice on innovation processes and to help funders and activists more systematically and deliberately nurture innovation in the social sector.

Monitor Institute, Cultivating Change in Philanthropy (2005).

Available at: http://www.monitorinstitute.com/downloads/Cultivating_Change_in_Philanthropy.pdf

Examines the barriers to change in philanthropy and why the current moment holds new possibility for improving the field.

Monitor Institute, Looking out for the Future: An Orientation for Twenty-first Century Philanthropists (2005).

Available at: http://www.monitorinstitute.com/downloads/Looking_Out_for_th_%20Future.pdf

Global trends, from new technologies to dramatic demographic shifts, are combining to create a new context for philanthropy. This book—the culmination of a five-year exploration of the future of philanthropy—aims to help philanthropists understand what it means to give in a rapidly changing global and philanthropic landscape.

Deborah Puntenney, Women’s Funding Network, Measuring Social Change Investments (2002).

Available at: http://www.womensfundingnetwork.org/sites/wfnet.org/files/measuringsocialchangeinvestments_paper.pdf

This work examined how a sample of 18 foundations support public policy and advocacy work and how they measure progress in terms of social change achieved as a result of their investments.

Shaw, Sondra C. & Taylor, Martha, Reinventing Fundraising: Realizing the Potential of Women's Philanthropy (Jossey-Bass 1995).

Reinventing Fundraising rejects the notion that women make unenlightened philanthropists. Shaw and Taylor draw from interviews, focus groups, and discussion with more than 150 women philanthropists and scores of development professionals to identify model programs that focus on women's giving. Besides showing the rich history of American women's philanthropy, the authors outline new program models that organizations can tailor to their own female constituents.

Straus, Tamara, Five-Digit Giving Stanford Social Innovation Review (Summer 2010).

Available at: http://www.ssireview.org/articles/entry/five-digit_giving/

How texting became young donors’ preferred way to make charitable donations.

Catherine Walker, Joseph Rowntree Foundation, Growing into Giving: Young People's Engagement with Charity (2002).

Available at: http://www.jrf.org.uk/sites/files/jrf/n22.pdf

Over the last 20 years there has been a worrying decline in younger people’s participation in volunteering and giving money to good causes. Despite this evidence and the ensuing ‘bad press’, there has been little empirical research into how young people relate to giving and charity. This research, carried out by researchers at the Charities Aid Foundation, uses both qualitative and

quantitative survey techniques to explore the views of a range of young people.

Articles about New Models for Social Change

John Kania and Mark Kramer, Collective Impact, Stanford Social Innovation Review (Winter 2011).

Large-scale social change requires broad cross-sector coordination, yet the social sector remains focused on the isolated intervention of individual organizations.

Beth Kanter and Allison Fine, The Networked Nonprofit: Connecting with Social Media to Drive Social Change (Jossey-Bass 2010).

Offers rich insight about working with networks in an organizational context and examples of how

nonprofits are using social media to “power social networks for change.”

Marty Kearns, Green Media Toolshed “Network-Centric Advocacy.”

Available at: http://activist.blogs.com/networkcentricadvocacypaper.pdf

Kearns outlines the changing landscape for activism and, in this context, presents his network-centric advocacy model.

Monitor Institute, Working Wikily: How Networks Are Changing Social Change.

Available at: http://www.workingwikily.net/Working_Wikily.pdf

The article explores the use of online and offline networks for social change, and examines how social media tools are driving more connected ways of working—what we call “working wikily”—characterized by principles of greater openness, transparency, distributed effort and collective action.

Monitor Institute, Working Wikily 2.0: Social Change with a Network Mindset (2009).

Available at:


This report updates the original version of Working Wikily and explores how networks are changing philanthropy and social change. This iteration of the report, emerging from the Monitor Institute's two-year Philanthropy and Networks Exploration with the Packard Foundation, goes beyond the basic description of networks and social media tools from the first piece to provide helpful advice on how to start working wikily.

Monitor Institute, Catalyzing Networks for Social Change: A Funder’s Guide (2

Available at: http://www.monitorinstitute.com/downloads/Catalyzing_Networks_for_Social_Change.pdf

This guide is an early attempt to create a rough map for the many individuals and foundations that are catalyzing networks in order to build and boost the impact of their philanthropy.

Monitor Institute, Knight Foundation, Connected Citizens: The Power, Peril, and Potential of Networks (2011).

Available at: http://www.knightfoundation.org/publications/connected-citizens-power-potential-and-peril-netwo

This report addresses the dilemma that we now face as a result of becoming increasingly connected and better able to share information: that people can more easily coordinate and mobilize social action, yet false information can spread like wildfire and network connections can be used toward harmful ends. The report offers case studies of what's working, scenarios for how the world could unfold through 2015, and pragmatic near-term recommendations for grantmakers.

Peter Plastrik and Madeleine Taylor, Net Gains: a Handbook for Network Builders Seeking Social Change

Available at:


Covers the basics on networks — including their common attributes, leveraging them for social impact, evaluating them and analyzing social networks.

Clay Shirky, Here Comes Everybody: The Power of Organizing Without Organizations (Penguin Press 2008).

A examination of how the wildfirelike spread of new forms of social interaction enabled by technology is changing the way humans form groups and exist within them, with profound long-term economic and social effects for good.

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