Law and politics



Download 19.99 Kb.
Date conversion25.05.2016
Size19.99 Kb.
1 88 VARNA, LAW AND POLITICS

draws heavily upon Kautilya, states that the ksatriyas make the most excellent material forjhe army.1 All this may indicate fKat at least in the Maurya period the ksatriyas generally constiĀ­tuted the standing army paid by the state. Kautilya avers that even vaisyas and sudras could be considered for enlistment, but Megasthenes does not agree with him. Megasthenes clearly states that the husbandmen (obviously the vaisyas and sudras of Kautilya, agriculture being their common occupation)2 are exempted from military service and the soldiers are meant to protect them.3 This means that in face of foreign attacks and internal oppression the vaisyas and sudras were completely disarmcdgjso that even the wild blasts and fowls damaging their crops were to be scared away by a special class of hunters and not by them.*

The key post in the army was that of the sendpati (commander) , whose appointment by later authorities is confined either to the brahmana or the ksatriya caste.5 Kamandaka states that the priest, ministers and nobles are the principal leaders of the army.6 As will be shown later, the ministers were either brahman as or ksatriyas. The early Buddhist and Jain texts inform us that, besides the ksatriyas, the brahman as also filled the office of the arid yodhajivas (warriors ) . 7

The organization of bureaucracy, which was an important instrument of the state apparatus and which was covered by the term amaiya in the sap tan ga theory of the state, seems to have been also based on caste. In the Jatakas the amdtyas play a vital role as companions, councillors, and generals of the king.* The repeated mention of the term amaccakulam (family of minisĀ­ters) precludes the possibility of lower class people becoming ministers.9 Fick states that these ministers like the khattiyas

  1. IV. 65-7.

  2. R. S. Sharma, Some Economic Aspects of the Caste System in Ancient
    India, p. 14.

  3. Megasthenes, XXXIII, McCrindle, op. cit., p. 43-4.

  4. Ibid.

  5. senapatih kdryo brdhmanah ksatriyo9 thavd. Agni Purdna (BI), 220. I.

  6. KNS, XV, 20.

  7. B. C. Law, India as Described in Early Texts of Buddhism and Jainism,.

P- 155-

  1. R. N. Mehta, op. cit., p. 136.

  2. Ibid.


The database is protected by copyright ©essaydocs.org 2016
send message

    Main page