1797 - John Adams becomes the 2nd United States President
1798 - Congress passes the Alien and Sedition Acts - restricts entry of foreigners
and limits freedom of speech
1799 - Napoleon Bonaparte seizes power in France What if you really disagree with someone about how something should be done ?
You use persuasion, perhaps, to change minds! You get other neighbors who agree with you to join your cause. But how do you change something you disagree with on a state or national level ? It seems obvious to us today: join a political party, or start your own. But that wasn’t obvious when the first President took office. The idea of political parties that we take for granted today took time to grow and develop.
Main Idea: As the nation’s 1st President, GW faced many challenges, including how to organize the new government and build a strong economy.
inauguration - ceremony in which the President officially takes the oath of office precedent - an act or decision that sets the example for others to follow Cabinet - group of officials who head government departments and advise the
President Judiciary Act - law that created the structure of the Supreme Court and set up a
system of district courts and circuit courts national debt - total amount of money that a government owes to others bond - certificate that promises to repay money loaned, plus interest, on a certain
speculator - an investor in a risky venture in the hope of making a large profit Bank of the United States - bank set up in 1791 to hold government deposits, to
issue paper money to pay government bills, and to
make loans to farmers and businesses tariff - tax on foreign goods brought into a country Whiskey Rebellion - protest over a tax on all liquor made and sold in the U.S.
Setting the Scene: When the new Congress met in 1789, it debated a curious question. How should people address the President ? Some members of Congress favored the simple title “President Washington.” Others urged for a more dignified title, such as “His Highness the President of the United States and Protector of the Rights of the Same.” Washington soon let Congress know that he preferred “President of the United States.” By choosing that simple title, he rejected the grandeur and power linked to European monarchs. With that decision, as many others, Washington set an example for later Presidents. Washington’s First Steps £ Washington was inaugurated in NYC on April 30, 1789
£ President Washington looked “grave, almost to sadness”
£ Americans were looking at him to make the new gov’t work
£ As 1st President, Washington was setting an example for future generations
£ Washington set a precedent at the end of his 2nd term – he did not run for a 3rd term (precedent lasted until 1940)
£ The First Cabinet
¿ In 1789, Congress created 5 executive departments – Secretaries of -- State, Treasury, War, and Attorney General, and Postmaster General
¿ The heads of these departments made up the President’s Cabinet to give advice and direct their cabinets
¿ Washington set a 2nd precedent by choosing well-known leaders to serve in his Cabinet – Jefferson/State and Hamilton/Treasury ¿¿ What two precedents did President George Washington establish ?
£ The protective tariff was passed by Congress but was much lower than Hamilton proposed ¿¿ Summarize the argument for and then against the protective tariff. For - ________________________________________________________________________
3. What were the causes and results of the Whiskey Rebellion ? Causes – __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________. Results – __________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.