The Incan Empire was located in the Andes Mountains; it was the most advanced Andean civilization.
It included parts of modern day Peru, Chile, Bolivia, and Argentina.
Existed from around 1300 C.E until its decline in 1536 C.E due to the invasion of Francisco Pizzaro.
Important precursor civilizations: Chavin, Tiawanaku, Moche and Chimu.
Based in Cuzco- capital located in modern day Peru.
Incan Empire rose due its powerful army and growing trade
Government provided food for its people so that no one starved.
Bureaucracy- allowed central administration
of taxes, census
facilitated by Chasqui, messengers who delivered messages by running on the exten-sive network of roads and bridges
(communication via infrastructure)
Decline: Francisco Pizarro- overthrew Incan Empire in the early 1500s (PIP)
Roads- 13,000 miles, governmental stability
Interactions focused on trade among people within this vast empire
(see the map below)
>Weaving and metallurgy were prominent cultural achievements of the Incan
>Made tools and weapons from copper and bronze for their large professional army. >Used gold and silver to make decorations for their temples and leaders.
>Were able to perform successful skull surgeries.
>Llama wool and cotton was used by females to produce textiles.
>Quipu was used for recordkeeping.
Technologyeconomic growth: Widespread irrigation and terrace farming allowed agriculture to flourish.
Major crops consisted of: corn, sweet potatoes, squash, and beans.
>Road networks encouraged trade of goods such as gold, silver, and clay pots.
>Relied heavily on barter system.