Language purposefully in his text. Provide specific examples from the text to support your analysis



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Recall the writing prompt for this unit:

What makes King's "Letter from Birmingham Jail" powerful and effective? After reading King's letter, answer the question by analyzing how he uses structure and language purposefully in his text. Provide specific examples from the text to support your analysis.

Your study of language in this assignment will begin to help you answer this question and respond to the prompt later in the unit.



3.02 King’s Words Start a Fire

Like protest songs, Martin Luther King, Jr.’s “Letter from Birmingham Jail” includes many examples of figurative language meant to persuade people to take action.

In each line, an instance of figurative language is already identified for you. Use what you learned in the lesson to identify the type of figurative language, explain what the figurative language means, and explain the tone and mood of the line from the letter. Some parts of the chart are already completed for you.

Complete the following chart:

The line … from “Letter from Birmingham Jail”



is an example of …
(Which type of figurative language is being used; such as metaphor, simile, personification, symbol, or allusion?)

that means…
(Describe what the line from the text means)


and creates a

____________ tone
and a ____________mood.
(Fill in the blanks to identity the tone and mood of the text)

Example:

This movement is nourished by the contemporary frustration over the continued existence of racial discrimination.


is an example of Personification


that means the movement grows because of the people’s frustration with racial discrimination



and creates a Factual tone and an Urgent mood.

 


  1. …and see the tears welling up in her little eyes when she is told that Funtown is closed to colored children, and see the depressing clouds of inferiority begin to form in her little mental sky







 

 ____________ tone

and a


____________mood.


  1. There comes a time when the cup of endurance runs over, and men are no longer willing to be plunged into an abyss of injustice where they experience the bleakness of corroding despair.

 

 

_______________ tone
Urgent mood

  1. To a degree academic freedom is a reality today because Socrates practiced civil disobedience.

 

Socrates disobeyed laws that were not fair, which made it so students today can think freely (and possibly differently than their teachers).

_______________ tone
Thought-provoking mood

  1. Like a boil that can never be cured as long as it is covered up but must be opened with all its pus-flowing ugliness to the natural medicines of air and light, injustice must likewise be exposed, with all of the tension its exposing creates, to the light of human conscience and the air of national opinion before it can be cured.

 

 

 _______________ tone
_______mood

  1. In those days the Church was not merely a thermometer that recorded the ideas and principles of popular opinionit was a thermostat that transformed the mores of society.

Metaphor

The church did not just reflect what was happening in society; it actually had the ability to change what was happening in society.

 _______________ tone
________ mood

  1. Let us all hope the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities…




 

 

Optimistic tone
____________ mood

  1. Let us all hope the dark clouds of racial prejudice will soon pass away and the deep fog of misunderstanding will be lifted from our fear-drenched communities







_____________ tone
________ mood



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