L2 Civics Midterm Exam Review 2012 Name



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L2 Civics Midterm Exam Review 2012 Name:___________________________________

Terms/Vocabulary

Chapter 1: Citizens and Government Systems

civics
government
citizen/citizenship
constitution
democracy
direct democracy
representative democracy
autocracy
dictatorship
totalitarianism
absolute monarchy
constitutional monarchy

Origins of government: Why have government? How did governments start?

What are the 3 levels of government?

What is the difference between democracy and dictatorship? Why is democracy better?

Chapter 18: Economic Systems


supply
demand
capital goods
traditional economy
command economy
market economy
free enterprise
mixed economy

What is the effect of supply and demand on prices of a product? When is price low? When is it high?

What are the advantages & disadvantages of each economic system? (also see chart on p. 430)

What type of economic system is the United States today?



Chapter 2, Sec. 3: Reasons for Independence & Declaration of Independence

Declaration of Independence
“life, liberty and property”

“life, liberty and the pursuit of happiness”


Explain the philosophies of Locke & Rousseau as written into the Declaration of Independence.




Chapters 2 & 3: Important People

Federalists
Anti-Federalists

Founding Fathers


Framers



Chapter 2, Sec. 4: Articles of Confederation

What was the significance of Shays’ Rebellion? How did it change American government?

What were the major problems of the Articles of Confederation & why did they cause trouble?

List the 6 goals of the Preamble (p. 64) + how did each address Articles of Confederation problems?

Chapter 3, Sec. 1: Creating the U.S. Constitution & Compromise


Constitutional Convention in Philadelphia
Rhode Island
compromise
Connecticut/Great Compromise
Three-fifths Compromise
Slave Trade Compromise
Electoral College compromise
The Federalist (or the Federalist Papers)
ratification + Bill of Rights


Why is compromise necessary in a democracy? How did compromise help create a new government?


How did the U.S. Constitution make a better government than the Articles of Confederation? Who has the power in a confederation gov? Who has the power in a supreme federal gov (supremacy clause)?


What are the rights contained in Amendment #1? Amendment #2? Bill of Rights–which amendments?



Chapter 3, Secs. 2-4: Principles of the U.S. Constitution

Preamble
Article/Section/Clause
amendments
Bill of Rights
Amendment #1
legislative
executive
judicial + explain “unconstitutional”
separation of powers
checks & balances
popular sovereignty
federalism
judicial review
supremacy clause
elastic clause (= necessary & proper clause)
implied powers vs. expressed powers




Why + how was the U.S. Constitution designed with principles to limit the power of government?

Which branch has the power – make bills, veto laws, nullify laws? Carry out the law? Interpret laws?



Chapter 6: Parties & Politics

Democratic vs. Republican beliefs
campaign
patronage
platform vs. plank
coalition
majority vs. plurality

Which party, Dem or Repub: donkey vs. elephant? red state vs. blue state? liberal vs. conservative?
Chapter 7-8: Elections & Voting, Propaganda & Interest Groups

caucus
primary (open vs. closed)
endorsements
propaganda
bipartisan
nominating convention
delegates
Electoral College
popular vote vs. electoral vote
interest group
opinion poll
lobbyists
PAC’s

Has a third party ever won the presidency? How do third parties affect elections and government?



Chapter 9: Legislative Branch

bicameral
Great Compromise (CT Compromise)
census
gerrymandering
constituent
franking privilege
immunity
censure
term of Congress = 2 years vs. session of Congress
Amendment #27
speaker of the house
majority leader, minority leader
whip
vice president
president pro tempore
standing committee
select committee

joint committee


conference committee
seniority system
investigation power
impeachment power + removal power
appropriations power
ratification power

pigeonhole


filibuster
cloture
voice vs. standing vs. roll-call votes

veto, pocket veto


override power
who can make a treaty vs. approve a treaty



What are the 3 qualifications for the House? Senate? What is the length of election terms for each?

What are the differences between the House and Senate? How many members are in each?

What non-legislative powers does the Senate have? …does the House have? (see chart p. 226)

What powers does Congress have? (expressed powers, chart p. 226)



What is Congress NOT allowed to do? (see paragraphs p. 226)



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