Kylie Nicols



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Kylie Nicols

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Mr.Scott

2013-11-15



Drug Abuse

Drugs can influence a person's emotions, perceptions, time with family, and behaviour. There are many different types of drugs in today's society from prescription medication to street drugs that are highly addictive. Different drugs have different physical and psychological effects that users experience when using the drug. Nowadays even antibiotics are consider drugs because people can get addicted to medication that is helping them feel better. People don't realize that relying on a medication each and every day to make your back pain go away or even a headache is considered being addicted to drugs. In certain parts of the world there are children that are being exposed to drug abuse at such a young age. Drugs can effect anyone at any age, people need to be more aware of the psychological and physical harm you are putting yourself in.

The psychological and physical state of a user may vary from the different drugs that they are consuming. Methamphetamine is a stimulant drug with strong effects to the central nervous system. It can be either taken in pill form or in powdered form by being snorted or injected. The psychological and physical effects of this drug are increased heart rate and blood pressure, anxiety, violent behaviour, respiratory problems, and confusion. Cocaine is also classified under stimulates, it gives you a limitless power. It can be snorted or injected, crack is smokable which is a form of cocaine. The psychological and physical effects of cocaine are brain seizures, AIDS through shared needles, paranoid behaviour, heart attacks, and losing touch with reality. Hallucinogens are drugs that effect the objective of reality. The most known hallucinogens are phencyclidine which is known as PCP, angel dust or love boat. Also lysergic acid diethylamide known as LSD or acid. The psychological and physical effects of hallucinogens are lack of muscular coordination, heart and lung failure, depression, schizophrenic like behaviour and sleeplessness. Marijuana is the most widely known and used drug all around the world. It can either be smoked or swallowed, it is most likely to be a teens first illegal drug. The psychological and physical effects of marijuana are sleepiness, decrease in social life, increased heart rate, paranoia, and psychological dependence of the drug and needing more of the drug to get the same effect. This article will help me identify which psychological and physical effect belong to which type of drug. This will give readers an understanding of what types of drugs do what to your mental and physical health.

In certain parts of the world there are places where people are more likely to become addicted to drugs. A Partnership Attitude Tracking Study shows that Latino adolescents are more likely to abuse drugs then other ethnic groups. The study also found that adolescents who did abuse drugs had friends who used as well which made it easier to get. 42% of the adolescents were offered the drugs in a school setting by fellow peers or friends. Most of the children were exposed to drugs at such a young age and 24% have seen drug abuse in their community. Since 2010 there has been a 76% increase in young Latinos using prescription drugs. Studies also show that Latino parents are more likely to deal with their children abusing drugs. 21% of Latino parents said it was ok for their child to smoke marijuana every once in a while, and 28% said they would rather them use prescription drugs then street drugs. 35% of Latino parents feel that when their child becomes addicted to drugs they are unable to do anything to help them stop. This article shows that there are certain places in the world where adolescents are exposed to drugs at an early age. This will help show people that some ethnic groups need more help sustaining from drug abuse then others since they have been around it at school and in the community. When children start abusing drugs at a young age while their brain is still developing, this can alter parts of the brain that are still developing.

Canada is trying to tackle a big problem that is happening in our country with prescription drug abuse. The Canadian Center on Substance Abuse wants to create a countrywide surveillance system, so that doctors and pharmacists can no longer give painkillers indiscriminately and that addicts can get the help they need. Canada needs to be more aware of the high-risk practices that are prescribing and giving out prescription painkillers. In Ontario 18.6% of people that are getting addiction treatment help in 2010-11 were abusing prescription drugs. Also they conducted a survey on youth smokers in 2010-11, they found that 8.2% of the Canadians in grades 6-12 have tried over the counter prescription drugs to get high. The problem of prescription drugs abuse is on the rise and Canada needs to be aware of what harm it is causing people. By having this surveillance system this will help monitor the distribution from prescription painkillers, in doctors' offices and at pharmacies. Also by doing this it will give addicts the support and treatment they need to become clean. Having this system will let Canadians to see the danger of using prescription drugs and how Canada is trying to make a difference in the community by cracking down on drug abuse. This article shows the reader that even your own doctor could be contributing to your drug habits, and how easily it can be stopped. Also the reader will understand how Canada as a country wants to stop prescription drug abuse problem.

When consuming drugs you can sometimes there is the risk of overdosing, and also when you are not taking the drug you can have withdrawal. Both these things are something a user can possibly die from or in serious medical condition. Overdosing is simply taking too much of the drug and your body and can't handle it. When having a overdose different drugs have different overdose reactions. Cocaine is a very common drug that user can overdose on or have overdose reactions. Some overdose reactions are increase in body temperature, face picking, suspiciousness, vivid hallucinations, convulsions, and possible death. All these signs are telling the user that their body has had too much of the drug and doesn't know what to do with it. When your body because dependent on the drug if you stop taking it to either get clean or you can't afford it your body goes into withdrawal. Cocaine withdrawal symptoms are fatigue, disorientation, depression, suicidal thoughts, irritability, and bizarre dreams. Experiencing withdrawal is an excuse for users to keep doing drugs because they don't want to endure such painful thing when trying to get better, when they could continue taking the drugs a feel good. Both overdosing and having withdrawal can affect a users body drastically but they still decide to use drugs even though their body is going through so much pain and suffering. This section shows readers that taking too much of a drug can kill you and that even trying to get clean can harm your body in more ways than one. By letting users know what overdosing is and what happens when your body stops taking a drug it will give them a better understanding that when your body is so dependent on something it even hurts to stop taking it, or even taking too much of it.





Bibliography


Chavez, K. (2013). the shocking reality about latino drug abuse. In K. Chavez, Cosmopolitan magazine (p. 2). New york city : Hearst Magazines.

Dinardo, R. F. (2012). essentials of understanding psychology . New York: Mcgraw-Hill Ryerson.



national center on substance abuse and child welfare. (2004). Retrieved novmeber 11, 2013, from http://www.ncsacw.samhsa.gov/files/TrainingPackage/MOD2/PhysicalandPsychEffectsSubstanceUse.pdf

Scoffield, H. (2013). Substance abuse: prescription drug targeted in national stratgey . toronto : The toronto star.



Tracy, N. (2013, July 16). HealthyPlace. Retrieved November 11, 2013, from http://www.healthyplace.com/addictions/drug-addiction.com




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