Key terms: Ellis Island Angel Island



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Chapter 7: Immigrants and Urbanization

Section 1: The New Immigrants

Standard: 11.2.2 Describe the growth of cities linked by industry and trade, divided by ethnicity, race, and class.

KEY TERMS:

  1. Ellis Island



  1. Angel Island



  1. Nativism



  1. Chinese Exclusion Act



  1. Gentleman’s Agreement


Questions:

  1. From which parts if the world did immigrants come to the U.S. in this era?


  1. What caused immigrants to come to the United States?


  1. What difficulties did immigrants face on the journey and in gaining admission to the U.S.?


  1. How did immigrants deal with the challenges they faced living in America?


  1. Why were the nativists so opposed to immigrants and what were their goals?



Chapter 7: Immigrants and Urbanization

Section 2: The Challenges of Urbanization

Standard: 11.2.2 Describe the growth of cities linked by industry and trade, divided by ethnicity, race, and class.

Standard: 11.2.3 Trace the effects of the Americanization Movement

KEY TERMS:

  1. Americanization Movement:



  1. Tenement:



  1. Social Gospel Movement:



  1. Settlement House:



  1. Jane Addams:


QUESTIONS:


  1. What caused urbanization and why did immigrants settle in the cities?


  1. Why did native-born Americans start the Americanization Movement?


  1. Why did so many Americans move from the country to the cities?



  1. Why were some of the most significant urban problems?



  1. What difficulties did immigrants and poor residents encounter?


Chapter 7: Immigrants and Urbanization

Section 3: Politics in the Gilded Age

Standard: 11.2.4 Analyze the effects of urban political machines and the responses by immigrants and middle class reformers.

KEY TERMS:

  1. political machine:



  1. graft:



  1. Boss Tweed & Tammany Hall:



  1. patronage:



  1. Pendleton Civil Service Act:


QUESTIONS:

  1. How did political machines function and what was the role of the political bosses?


  1. What role did immigrants play in politics in the big cities?



  1. Why was the Tweed Ring so notorious? What ultimately happened to Boss Tweed?



  1. Why was patronage a problem and the target of government reform?



  1. What was the McKinley Tariff Act of 1890? What happened to tariffs by the end of the era?



Chapter 5: Changes on the Western Frontier

Section 3: Farmers and the Populist Movement

Standard: 11.2.8 Examine the effects of the political programs and activities of the Populists.

KEY TERMS:

  1. The Grange & Granger Laws:



  1. Farmers’ Alliance:



  1. Populism:



  1. bimetallism & gold standard:


  1. William Jennings Bryan:


QUESTIONS:

  1. What were the economic problems facing farmers including issues with the railroads that caused them to organize?



  1. What were the goals of the Populist (People’s) Party laid out in their platform?



  1. What caused and resulted from the Panic of 1893?


  1. Why did Populists call for bimetallism or expansion of silver?


  1. What caused the Populist movement to collapse?



Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the 20th Century

Section 1: Science and Urban Life

Standard: 11.2.2 Describe the growth of cities linked by industry and trade, divided by ethnicity, race, and class.

11.5.7 Discuss the rise of mass production techniques and growth of cities.

KEY TERMS:

  1. Louis Sullivan & Daniel Burnham



  1. Frederick Law Olmstead



  1. Orville and Wilbur Wright



  1. George Eastman


Questions:

  1. How did engineering innovations help cities grow upward and outward?


  1. How did new technologies make the building of skyscrapers practical?


  1. How did electric transit impact urban life?


  1. What was urban planning and how did it improve city life?


  1. How did airplanes revolutionize communication as well as transportation?


Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the 20th Century

Section 2: Expanding Public Education

Standard: 11.3.3 Cite evidence of religious intolerance in the United States

KEY TERMS:

  1. Booker T. Washington:



  1. Tuskegee Normal and Industrial Institute:



  1. W.E.B. DuBois:



  1. Niagara Movement:



QUESTIONS:

  1. What were the main reasons for the expansion and improvement of public education?



  1. What factors contributed to the growth of high schools?



  1. How did educational experiences differ for African Americans and immigrants and how were they “Americanized”?



  1. What changes did many universities make in their curriculum and why?



  1. How did African Americans work to gain a higher education?



  1. Contrast Booker T. Washington and W.E.B. Du Bois’ views on how African-Americans should best improve their lives:

Washington:

Du Bois:



Chapter 8: Life at the Turn of the 20th Century

Section 3: Segregation and Discrimination

Standard: 11.5.2 Analyze the attack on civil liberties including the Ku Klux Klan and the responses of organizations.

11.10.2 Analyze key events the evolution of civil rights including Plessy v. Ferguson

KEY TERMS:

  1. Ida B. Wells:



  1. poll tax & grandfather clause:



  1. segregation & Jim Crow Laws:



  1. Plessy v. Ferguson:



  1. debt peonage:


QUESTIONS:

  1. What post-Reconstruction voting restrictions were imposed on African-Americans in the South?



  1. How were African Americans discriminated against in the North?




  1. How did conditions for African-Americans in the North differ from the South?




  1. How were Mexican and Chinese immigrants treated and what difficulties did they encounter upon arriving in the United States?


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