Key Terms #1: The Byzantine Empire pagan



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Key Terms #1: The Byzantine Empire


  1. pagan: someone who believes in more than one god; non-Christians

  2. Justinian’s Code: code of laws that is the foundation for several modern legal systems; Justinian’s most important contribution

  3. Theodora: influential wife of Justinian who helped him rule as the empress; led the way for legal and spiritual reform

  4. Constantinople: new name for Byzantium, site of an old Greek city, now named Istanbul, in modern-day Turkey

  5. patriarchs: the highest ranking bishops in the Catholic church; at the time, in Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, and Constantinople

  6. pope: the bishop of Rome and leader of the Roman Catholic Church, who oftentimes competed with the emperor for power

  7. Nicene Creed: the main statement of faith held by the Roman Catholic church, which settled disagreements about Jesus

  8. icon: a holy image, usually a portrait of Jesus, or other religious scenes

  9. Great Schism: the split of the church into the Western Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church, due to disagreements about leadership and religious practices

  10. orthodox: the strict following of traditional or established beliefs




  1. Catholic: refers to the members, beliefs, and practices of the Church of Rome


Key Terms #1: The Byzantine Empire



  1. pagan: someone who believes in more than one god; non-Christians






  1. Justinian: (527-565)the first great Byzantine Emperor: tried to restore the Empire to earlier greatness, developed code of laws, built Hagia Sophia






  1. Theodora: influential wife of Justinian who helped him rule as the empress; led the way for legal and spiritual reform






  1. Constantinople: new name for Byzantium, site of an old Greek city, now named Istanbul, in modern-day Turkey






  1. patriarchs: the highest ranking bishops in the Catholic church; at the time, in Rome, Jerusalem, Alexandria, Antioch, and Constantinople






  1. pope: the bishop of Rome and leader of the Roman Catholic Church, who oftentimes competed with the emperor for power






  1. Nicene Creed: the main statement of faith held by the Roman Catholic church, which settled disagreements about Jesus






  1. icon: a holy image, usually a portrait of Jesus, or other religious scenes






  1. Great Schism: the split of the church into the Western Roman Catholic church and the Eastern Orthodox church, due to disagreements about leadership and religious practices






10. orthodox: the strict following of traditional or established beliefs




11.Catholic: refers to the members, beliefs, and practices of the Church of Rome





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